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^lank Book III 


j}\^ ?Eti-m i^^RK^- 



No. L 



HE it has ever proved 

\y puzzling 
ions of hu- 

fascinating arid yet 
study to watch the 
man feeling, when under the influence of 
shades of thought or sentiment, which, for 
the first time, have crossed the intellec- 
tual lawns, surrounding and beautifying 
central homestead of life — the palace 

of the he. 


of other; 


screened from the 
ffections and senli 
nd the hearth-stone of 

nnot explain, even to myself, the 

hich'new and beautiful thought-tints 

iroduce on the spirit occupants of this 

tal world ; but the very mys- 

of the subject renders it, to one 

y temperament a pleasing theme for 

meditation. I like to sit within the boun- 

laries of this mind-ciladel, when the 

innoyances of the outer world have mo- 

lentarily subsided, and watch, with emo- 

ions of delight and pleasure, the shadows 

f mental creations, as they piay upon 

le greensward — transformed into a legion 

)ue figures, some grotesque, some 

hetic, others the suggestive emblems 

some revealed truth, yet all partaking 

if the spirit of beauty, and all tl^e shadow 

of the efforts of human genius 

D the work-shop of thought-sculpture. 

^^ And, as in iny imagination, I sit within 

he inner gates of the palace of feeling, 

the spectre-attributes of the 

ing to inhale their very life from 

hese sportive shades of fancy which fall 

hrough the luxuriant foliage of the forest 

i reason, formed and constantly varied 

ly the aspen-like swaying of the branches, 

can see the steady light of intellectual 

nsight shining upon this waving grove 

if the human mind, and when the lithe 

arms assume some novel attitude, the 

eflections of literary genius are then 

thrown in new beauty and attractiveness 

on the curtain of perception. 

hether this sort of muring par- 
inspiration or is wholly the fruit 
ific imagination, I do not assume 


, the 


undisputed truth that there exists, 
in the composition of a large majority 
len and women, an ardent and almost 
countable love for beauty in leterature 
and art— both of which are methods by 
1 to express some sentiment or idtal, 
lying back of the mere force which propels 
iUior's pen or the artist's wand. Those 
qualities which lift man from the level of 
wer forms of animal life and give lo him 
e refinement of culture — call them what 
; may^are not nourished by material 
bstance, but are strengthened and ex- 

panded only through absorbing the fra- 

;rance which floats in the atmosphere 
reated by the agents of beauty — the chief 
if which, we must all agree, is the strange 
something we call li/erature. 

The highest forms of literary effor tend 
toward the cultivation of the sentin^fents 
and sensibilities, thereby strengthenin j the 
©nly links which bind humanity to ai| in- 
finite destiny. i 

But the spectral figures which inhabit 
this ideal realm of our being, grow weary 
of a monotonous diet. They look for 
new shadows on the lawns, new forms and 
shapes. The literary instinct is nbt satis- 
fied to-day with the same art-gallery of 
thought through which it passed yesterday, 
and through which it has strolled, day 
after day, for an indefinite period of time. 

And is it not a laudable object on the 
part of any individual who may possess, 
to some extent, qualifications for the 
work, to endeavor to mould new ideas, and 
to penetrate the guardian forests of the 
mind with rippling thought-shadows;* 
And if the literary toiler, by the volitions 
of his fancy, can minister to the develop- 
ment of some noble soul quality, is he not 
entitled to a place among that number 
whose toil produces its ripened fruit in 
another world ? And if the Infinite hand, 
which shaped the attributes of our moral 
and intellectual beings, designed that the 
fanciful part of our natures should survive 
our more material qualities of mind, is he 
who contributes to 
the expansion and 
perfection of those 
so-called fancies,not 
deserving of our 
veneration, rather 
than of our ridicule? 
" New Thoughts ?" 
the cynic echoes. 
"Has not the whole 
subject of composi- 
tion, especially when 
contracted to a sin- 
gle line of thought, 
been, for long years, 
a mere rehash? Can 
there be a need of 
additional periodi- 
cals advocating a 
subject which has 
long since been worn 
threadbare by con- 
tinuous harping up- 

deavor to 1 
solidity of s 

nd be; 

jing, but lei 

uty of expression to 
;nt, and shall try to ren- 
not less imperious or 
repulsive and soul fa- 
tiguing. In the discharge of our new 
duties we ask the charity of an unbiased 
judgment and the leniency of justice, — not 
of patronizing generosity. 



Before introducing our orators, I shall 
endeavor lo turn my back on the spirit of 
timidity, which is, even now, clutching at 
my nerves, and for a decidedly abbreviated 
length of time, allow my feelings to find 
free vent in a mild rain-shower of weari- 
some rhetoric. 

Among my listeners I recognize only 
the faces of friends; with many of yuu, lam 
personally acquainted ; but with the larger 
number lam familiar only through the 



nd through 



astonished at such 

queries. They are the interrogative 

avowals of honesty. 

Ves, I reply, there is a possibility of 
producing new thought relating to or in 
connection with our chosen work. It is 
true that the materials around which 
thought must cluster and from which 
ideas may be deduced, are not continually 
undergoing change ; but there is no 
boundary established which shall limit 


EL ^ 



1^^ /m^ . 






The young man whose very striking likeness is 
given above is known in almost every corner of our 
country as one of the most finished of our Ameri- 
can Pen-ariisis, May his shadow long linger in 
ihK portrait album of famous chitographers ! 

variety in slyk 
shall forbid a 
coloring of ide; 

s of expression or 
pleasing diversion 

i of the 



shifting clou 
methods of 
space, as to think for a 
my-,terious essence of 
ocean spray is not mor 
no new drapery for the 
truth utterances. 

In our journalistic labors we 

to suppose that the 
e incapable of assum- 
g positions ; that the 
t adhere to established 
gliding through 
loment that the 
ind, than which 
plastic, can find 
mbellishment of 

shall ( 

ided correspondence. Away down 
le land of sunshine and cotton, 
I see, by the aid of 
my field-glass, a 
smilling visage, and 
I am reassured that 
I have at least one 
sympathetic listener 
in the person of R 
S. Collins, who un 
doubtedly recalls oui 
"crossing the Dela 
ware " together. I 
see another pair of 
earnest eyes turned 
in my direction — 
they are the prop- 
erty of an arehiifct 
in the realm of our 
literature — C. H. 
Peirce. A scared 
young man is sitting 
yonder at Valparaiso 
nervously eyitig me, 
looking at his watch 
and fumbling with 
his mythical mus- 
tache. He will address you in a few moments 
My eyes are next turned toward New 
England, and the " don't do it !" which 
Hinman yells at the top of his voice 
makes me shudder. At the same time I 
recognize a genuine friendliness in the 
warning. The expression of Shaylor's 
face indicates a cautious doubt, as though 
he would wish us to stop and consider 
well before acting ; but the genial young 
Heath comes to the rescue of the Puritan 
settlements, and welcomes us. I can see 
by the expression of Patrick's face that 
he does not lose sleep in shuddering over 
our probable awful doom. 

But I cannot continue to make personal 
allusions. In every quarter I see appro- 
bation ; in many quarters I see disap- 
proval — of what, do some inquire ? '* Why 
'tis only a trivial matter at most," some 
one may remark. Under certain condi- 
tion it might be only trivial; but in assum- 
ing charge of our new paper, we, our. 
selves, do not feel that it is a considera- 

they are broad-n 
respond to tlie se 
toast which I ha 

tion of secondary importance. For its 
shall rally our every energy ; 
meritorious we shall invest our 
litalion of ability. 

But I am digressing unpardonably. I 
assumed a perpendicular attitude for the 
purpose of informing you that you are 
separately and unitedly welcome at this 
social gathering. And right here I feel 
that you will rest much more tranquilly 
when I honestly assure you that I am al- 
most ready- to resume my seat, having a 
pleasant duty to perform before thus 
gratifying my audience. 

I have in my hand a small slip of paper 
on which is inscribed the following : 

is the Art Gallery of the profession. It 
absorbs thought and ideas, only to reflect 
them again with added force and brilliancy. 
It is the most effective advocate of re- 
form ; the greatest incentive to progress- 
ive effort. For those which already 
exist let us pledge our support, and for 
the advent of additional ones let us 
reserve greetings of welcome." 

There are men in our calling who are 
penmen because they love fine peninan- 
ho lend us their influence because 
nded. Such a one will 
liments contained in the ' 
e just read. I am glad 
to present to you Dr. VV. F. Roth. 

" It is a fact, that a physician ought to 
be able to give directions for serving food, 
but as to how to respond to a toast of this 
nature, I confess somewhat puzzles me. 
However, new dishes as a rule merit our 
attention until thoroughly tried, and when 
found palatable their presence on our 
tables is ever desirable. The above, then, 
appears to be a dish exclusively for the 
penman. That new and well-served dishes 
are a benefit to the profession I have no 
doubt. No, don't say the table is full — no 
more room for new dishes. An epicure 
with an appetite worth entertaining is 
always on the look-out for something pal- 
atable, and that a new penman's paper, 
served in the most approved style of the 
art is more than welcome to ihe'profession 
is simply putting it rare doiu\ Besides, 
when we consider the ability of the cook 
who is to occupy the kitchen for the prep- 
aration of this new dish, our mouth at 
once begins to water. That Prof. Sho- 
walter is able to take care of the kettle 
the profession is fully aware, since his arti- 
cles, boiled down for the columns of other 
journals, have always been served ivell 
dom and particularly relishing. It is true 
a number of penniei 
peared and, in due tin 
limes a dish is too r 
loell doM and in man 
is unqualified. 

i papers have ap- 
le time, perished. Some- 
oo ran^ other times too 
many instances the cook. 
Let us not condemn until 
has been had, since there 
are many dainties in the profession, which, 
if served in the proper style and combina- 
tion, make a dish of which we never sur- 
feit. I have the assurance The Pen Art 
Herald will meet the demand of the 
daintiest epicure, and that the ingredients 

q-piE. PE.N-ART mRRAnP. 

of its make-up will be nourishing to mas- 
ter as well as beginner. Light up your 
fires, then, ye worthy editor, and set The 
Herald pot boiling, and may great chunks 
of success keep your fires burning for 
many years, is my earnest wish." 

The next sentiments to which we will 
have a response, read thus ; 


"A potent instrument for the revealing and 
recording of thought, sentiment and emo- 

'• In the hand of the critic, a two-edged 
sword ; in the hand of the author, an in- 
spired implement for the drapery of mind 
creations ; in the hand of the pen-artisi, 
a magic sceptrewhich leaves in its track the 
tracings of beauty." 

One who is, in the truest sense, an 
artist^ has agreed to entertain us for a 
brief spell in connection with this toast. 
He is an adept word-painter, as well as an 
accomplished pen-artist. I refer to, and 
am delighted to introduce, Fielding Scho- 


and delight excited by the pen after leav- 
ing the hand of the author for that of the 
artist. No longer chained to angles and 
lo9ps, it darts off with all the power of a 
magic sceptre, to model nature's own 
artistic designs— ever retreating and ad- 
vancing, leaving in its track new tracings 
of beauty, till it hath wrought in complete- 

" ■ A (hing of beauty is a joy fornvcr.' 

''Long live ihe pen! the potent, poignant, 
inspiring, magical pen — 'the arch-en- 
chanter's wand." " 

I have thoroughly enjoyed Professor 
Schofield's able utterances ; and, at the 
same time, have been amused at the dis- 
comfiture of our next speaker. He is 
easily embarrassed, being not very well 
known in our profession. He wanted his 
part to be over at the beginning, so that 
it would be ofT his mind, and he could 
quit sweating long enough to listen to our 
other speakers. But let me hint to you, 
in all confidence, that this young man, 
Isaacs, has said a good many saucy things 
to me during the last few months in his 
letters, thinking, doubtless, that I, being 

fiend, anywhere and everywhere, in season 
and out of season, just before a meal and 
just after a meal. 

" ' The latter the chief supporter of the 
former.' If by support is meant a daily 
ration of bread and buttrr, the above is 
partially true. But a penman does not 
live by bread and butter alone. Glory is 
the chief element of his subsistence ; and 
the specimen sponger and autograph fiend 
are the springs from which bubbles forth 
the penman's glory. 

" *The penman may exist outside of a 
business college.' Yes, he may^ but the 
only way he can exist outside of a business 
college is as editor and publisher of a pen- 
man's paper. Any penman who has the 
privilege of existing outside the walls of a 
business college, and who does not edit a 
penman's paper at least six months some 
time or other in- his life, is not worth a fig. 

" ' But the Business College cannot ex- 
ist without the penman.' No, for it is well 
known that most penmen are big enough 
to contain the business college wit/tin 

" May the Penn 

nd Business College 

"The pen, whose 
potency has been felt 
and acknowledged 
through all time, has 
given us the key to 
richest fields of knowl- 
edge, to the records of 
past ages, and to the 
mighty truths of God. 
Through its medium- 
ship have been re- 
vealed and recorded 
the Night Thoughts 
of a Young, the senti- 
ments of a Tennyson, 
and the emotions of a 
Beecher. Even Othel- 
lo's sword, with its ice- 
brook temper, had not 
such potency ; and 
victories, both in war 
and peace.shall be per- 
petuated by the pen, 
when the sword shall 
rust in the lake of 

"In the hand of the 
critic, the pen seems 
vested with a double 
power, and to stand 
as sentinel in thegrand 
army of letters, armed 
sword. Sometimes it v 
criticism with roses, a 
keenness greater th 
Aye, the shock of 


A Graduate of the Xoiuial Penmanship Depjirtment of Gem City Business College, Quincy 


,vith a two-edged 
cathes the rod of 
ain cuts with a 
rd of Actius, 


withstood than the fury of a merciless 
pen. Yet welcome it be, if it but cut the 
oily tongues of the unscrupulous and per- 
mit only the ' survival of the fittest.' 

" However, this little instrument, so 
highly tempered, or its equivalent, the gray 
goose quill, hath been by Byron prized as 
nature's noblest gift ; and in the hand of 
Shakespeare or Milton it could not have 
been less than a most noble and inspiring 
implement, a messenger of soul on tireless 
wings, wafting to view their mind crea- 
tions, draped in supreme beauty and elo- 
quence. Oh, for the inspired pen of such 
authors ! Towering far above us by cul- 
ture, we admire them as we do the Alpine 
heights whose summits we may never 

" As language fails to express the match- 
less power that lies in words flowing from 
the pen controlled by intellect, so too are 
words inadequate to express the wonder 

unable to secure my revenge through the 
same means — having no ability in the line 
of giving utterance to serio-comic senti- 
ments — would not meditate any other line 
of vengeance. I am satisfied now, unless 
this young man should make his response 
a sort of personal one; in which case 1 
shall immediately relax into a state of help 
lessness, and these exercises must be 
brought to a calamitous wind-up. Mr, 

, will 



marks sfricf/y to the following sentences- 
any digression, however slight, if it be i 
self defense, will cause a precipitous stam 
pede — of your hiimbk servant. 

"The former is the corner-stone of the 
the latter ; the latter the chief supporter of 
the former. 

" The penman may exist outside a Busi- 
ness College — but the Business College 
cannot exist without the penman." 

" ' The former is the corner-stone of the 
latter.' I should say so. At least he is 
cornered by the festive specimen sponger 
and the favor-conferring autograph-album 

We have been laboring under a great 
many inconveniences and serious disadvan- 
tages in producing the first installment of 
our paper. Some valuable pieces of pen- 
work, notably the heading and a "Greet- 
ing " design, have failed to reach us, from 

pelled to omit many features which we had 
hoped to present at this lime. 

However, we have reason to befieve that 
most of our readers are sufficiently good- 
natured to overlook our crude efforts at 
the beginning, and to accept our honest 
assurance that this month's work is but a 
pale " Herald " of what the future will 
bring forth. 

Be Enthusiastic 
as a teacher ol 
once and forevei 


If you wish to succeed 
writing, you 
' abandon tl 
methods of 
The world is tired of too c 
instructors. Don't be one of that class, 
but imbibe plenty of good, healthy, nine- 
teenth century ideas, and inhale the edu- 

nust "at 
old tire- 

calional breezes of September 'Sj which 
you will find, are far more conducive to 
live school-room work than are the vapors 
which emanate from the tombs of Socrates 
or Aristotle. 

Be Original! I do not utter those 
words to fill up space ; I write them in 
frenzied earnestness, with an expression 
of countenance which reveals to those 
who know me the fact that I mean all the 
sentence could convey. Cultivate the 
organs of Construction and Ideality more 
than that of Imitation. 

Be in earnest .' This is not intended 
for a mere joke, either. IVake up before 
you enter the school-room ; and when 
before a class, disseminate rays of electrical 
vivacity in every direttion ! 

Be sociable I Allow an occasional smile 
to gleam out from behind the chaos of an 
assumed dignity. If the sunshine of a 
real whole-souled laugh, would, in your 
estimation prove disastrous in the extreme, 
you can, at least, venture to contract 
the serenity of your features until a smiU 
penetrates the cob-web curtains which 
enclose vour true nature. 

Be progressive! If 
you have conducted a 
recitation without 

learning something 
new — without coming 
to entertain clearer 
views of the subject 
in hand, or without 
discovering some man- 
ner in which you can 
improve upon your 
present methods — 
then, I reverberate in 
a highly pitched key, 
that you ought to be 
labeled as an excava- 
tion from the ruins of 

Keokuk, Iowa, ) 
Aug. 20, 1887./ 
If the profession is 
ever rated at its full 
value there must be a 
greater display of gen- 
uine literary merit. 

I trust that so ex- 
cellent an opportunity 
will find you equal to 
the task. You have my utmost confi- 
dence, and I predict for you encouraging 
support. Most truly yours, 

Chandler H. Peirce. 

Our young friend, G. J. Kretchraer, of 
OUT " Forest City," is one of the most en- 
thusiastic students of penmanship we have 
met. He is thoroughly wide-awake, and 
utilizes everything which comes under his 
notice, which will, in anyway, furthea his 
progress in the graphic art. It is oneMjf 
his practices to collect wood cuts, lith- 
ographic and other designs, from which 
he is able to gather many valuable ideas 
to assist him in getting up engrossed 
pieces and elaborate specimens of pen 

\\q wish everyone who receives this 
number of our new publication to write 
us a ';tter, giving us an account of their 
expe; ence in learning to write. An en- 
cour ging word, if you can conscientiously 
profB r it, will not render your letters less 
welc ime, nor serve to contract our opin- 
ions 'jf the humanity of our race. 



Before the Pen-art footlights, new 
actors are constantly appearing. Those 
that are truly the sons of genius are 
greeted with applause from an audience 
larger than a Booth ever drew — for it is 
scattered all over our country, in every 
secluded hamlet, in the dusty halls of 
learning and in the city's counting-houses 
and business establishments. Through an 
exhibition of talent and energy at the be- 
ginning of his career, the new actor per- 
petuates his stay upon the stage of action. 
In our penmanship profession we have 
had many fleeting characters. They have 
not secured for themselves any part in the 
drama for which they are fitted ; they be- 
come superflous appendages, and are soon 
discarded — falling into oblivion. But he 
nyho makes himself a necessity in a body 
of workers ; who performs to the satis- 
faction of all, some needed work of re- 
form that others have not had the courage 
to undertake — that person has carved the 
story of his life on the records of educa- 
tional progress with such skill that the 
waves of years cannot efface it. 

The landmarks in the past careers of 

young men r 

tf summed up as follows : 

Mr. Putman was born 

N. Y., in the early sixties. 

the public schools of that 

lay be briefly 

in Gloversville, 
He attended 
place until '78, 
when his parents removed to Minneapolis, 
Minn. For two years he was a student 
of the Washington school of that city, 
after which he spent the same length of 
term in Macalester College. He next 
turned his attention to the business 
branches, graduating from the Commercial 
Department of the Minneapolis Academy. 
While a student at the academy he took 
a course as "Special" at the University 
of Minnesota. On final examination at 
the academy, he ranked well in a// the 
business studies, taking first prize for best 
balance sheet, as well as winning second 
laurels in the oratorical contest. It was 
while in this school that he first became 
interested in penmanship, being under the 
tutorship of Prof A. G. Coonrod, now of 
the Atchison Business College. He 
taught for one winter in the Business De- 
partment of the academy, after which he 
attended Flickinger's Select Writing Acad- 
emy of Philadelphia, for the purpose oi 
perfecting himself in all branches of pen- 
manship — and in this, he succeeded ad- 

He now accepted a position as assistant 
teacher of Penmanship and Book-keeping 
in the Archibald Business College, Min- 
neapolis. After one year's work in this 
capacity he returned to Philadelphia and 
graduated in plain and ornamental pen- 
manship. Resuming his work in the 
Archibald College, he was placed in charge 
of Penmanship, Book-keeping and Actual 
Business Departments, a position which 
be is, at present, ably filling. 

Mr. Putman unites with his ability in 
penmanship, many other attainments of 
practical utility. He is an expert ac- 
countant, and is a competent and success- 
ful teacher of Commercial Law, Arith- 
metic and Correspondence. 

As an ornamental penman, the professor 
is said to have few equals. His work in 
the line of resolutions and memorials, for 
richness of design and taste in execution, 
is rarely excelled. Like his celebrated 
teacher, Prof. Flickinger, he is modest, 
unassuming, and of a retiring disposition, 
consequently is not well known to a great 

many in our calling. He belongs to the 
Athletic Club, Bicycle Club and a prom- 
inent Toboggan Club, all of Minneapolis, 
and is also a member of the League of 
American Wheelman. 

Being an advocate of out-door sports 
he always spends his vacations in camp, 
hunting and fishing. 

Mr. Kinsley was born, in the front row 
of the sixties, m the manufacturing village 
of Blackstone, Massachusetts. Not un- 
like the average youth, he obtained his 
first educational training in the public 
and private schools of that and neighbor- 
ing towns. While attending the High 
School at Woonsocket, R. I., he decided 
to become a business man, and with that 
object in view entered the Providence 
Bryant & Stratton Business College. 

Here he was under the gifted instruc- 
tion of Professor E. M. Huntsinger, now 
of Packard's New York College. Direct 
contact with such a master, combined 
with hearty encouragement from the Prin- 
cipal, Mr. T. B. Stowell and the entire 
faculty, had the effect of kindling within 
him a desire to excel in this lovely art, 
which only practical conquest could ever 
entirely satiate. Upon graduating from 
this school, Mr. Kinsley obtained a posi- 
tion as assistant book-keeper for a large 
cotton manufacturing company of Prov- 
idence. After two year's experience 
book-keeper, he decided to enter the field 
as a professional penman. Realizing that 
a careful training was necessary, he sel- 
ected the man who, above all others was 
qualified to impart this training — Professor 
H. W. Flickinger Sf Philadelphia. He 
was under the guidance of this renowned 
penman for six months, and was the 
second i)erson Mr. Flickinger graduated. 
Soon after completing this valuable course. 
he obtained a position as teacher of Pen- 
manship in the famous Eastman College 
of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., where heremained 
for seven months, when he resif^ned to 
accept his present position as Principal 
of the Commercial Department of the 
Western Normal College, Shenandoah, 

This position he has held for two years, 
and has been engaged at a largely increased 
lary for another year. When taking 
is position he found eleven students in 
the Department, but by hard work he 
built up a complete Business College, 
1 an annual attendance of over two 
dred. His specialty is penmanship, 
but he also teaches Book-keeping, Com- 
mercial Law and ■ Business Correspond- 

As a penmanship teacher, Mr. Kinsley 
s «(? superior; the work of his students 

will testify as much. And as an expert 
penman in all branches of the art, he 
far above the average. 

From the records it would seem that 
by combining the experience and skill of 
those two workers in the accomplishr 
of one purpose, results of the most s 
factory nature would follow. An epoch 
in the history of their lives has been th' 
bringing out of their new work — thi 
"Series of Lessons in Plain Writing." 
A mere recital of the biographies of the 
authors will not allow of an enumeration 
of the merits of this publication ; but we 
must add that it is not calculated to di 

tract from their fan 
their past records. 

the brighti 




I^riend Shoivalter: — The announcement 
of the forthcoming " Pen-Art Herald," 
under your Editorial Management, is 
hailed by me with great pleasure and sat- 
isfaction. To know that our Art is being 
more and more appreciated, to see journals 
devoted to its interests springing up on 
every side, should be evidence enough 
that, in a literary and journalistic sense, 
our profession is beginning to assert its 
demands for recognition. 

The press is the educator of to-day ; of 
the truth of that assertion, I think there 
can be no doubt. The profession that 
can boast of a half dozen or more repre- 
sentative journals of their craft is surely 
not made up of block-heads and egotisti- 
cal greenhorns. Our army of workers, 
our array of talent, has, many times in the 
past been subject to ridicule, by a certain 
class of persons ; but with the ever in- 

to ( 


the advent 

of a broader intelligence and 

the diffusic 

n of an encouraging spirit of 

liberality a 

id progressiveness throughout 

our ranks, 

ve can now challenge any sim- 

ilar calling 

to produce a better class of 

men, a mo 

e refined, cultured or intelli- 

gent brothe 

rhood than that in which you 

and I take 

pride in consisting, each of 

1 link. 

Our journals are the main-stay of our 
profession — the more we have, the stronger 
grow — and for that, if for no other 
reason, I should desire you to succeed. 
Sincerely, Your Friend, 


Editor Penman's Art Gazette. 

* * * 
My Dear Showalter: — I hasten to con- 
gratulate you upon your new enterprise. 
Have read your many articles with exceed- 

nd pleasure, and feel that 
) already assured, or at least 
rill be, if commensurate with your ability, 
nthusiasm and love for the art. 

Sincerely and Fraternally, 
Fielding Schofield. 

Friend Showaiter : — If you feel that you 
have sufl^cient busmess and journalistic 
ability, and have a sufficient knowledge of 
the world and its ways to make your enter- 
prise go, why go on ! Take nobody's ad- 
vice ; it will make an imbecile of you I 
I shall watch you, don't forget that; and 
shall await anxiously the appearance of the 
"small, but fiery" Pen-Art Herald. 
^ E. K. Isaacs. 

Regarding the field for such a publica- 
tion there can be no doubt ; and if started 
on a firm basis, and the proper plan pur- 
sued, it can, surely, be made profitable. 
You must steer clear of " chirographic 
bummeri ;" keep a cool head ; exercise 
taste and ability, discretion and judgment, 
and the natural harvest ought to be suc- 
cess. H. W. Shaylor. 

My dear Showalter : — To see you as 
editor of a penmanship journal would be 
to see you just where you belong. I 
know of no one so likely to make a grand 
success of such a venture as yourself. To 
say the least, I think you are especially 
gifted in this very direction, and I believe 
that the profession — knowing you so well 
and so fully cognizant of your ability^ 
will rally to your support and aid you in 
giving us a pure and meritorious penman's 
paper. M. B. Moore. 

Since our school days at Oberlin none 
have watched with greater enjoyment, 
your steady advancement, than myself, 
knowing full well that hard and earnest 
labor has been the lever which has lifted 
you from obscurity, round by round, on 
the great ladder of progress. I earnestly 
desire to see your paper one of the bright- 
est, and frankly bespeak for it a great suc- 
cess. E. W. Bloser. 

* * * 

Your ability for the line of work in 
which you are about to engage is un- 
doubted ; and in all your undertakings, 
you have my wishes for a brilliant success. 
D. H. Farley. 

* * * 

I believe your periodical will enlist, at 
the outset, the hearty cooperation of all 
these who evince a living interest in the 
affairs of our profession. 

E. M. Huntsinger. 

I am glad to see you embark in this 
field, and trust that "glory " may not be 
your only reward. 

D. B. Williams. 

My advice is, 'Make a success of it P 
And I believe you will follow this bit of 
admonition as though it were the utter- 
ance of a chirographic sage. 


To the person who will send us one 
additional subscription, when sending in 
their own, we agree to write a letter of at 
least two pages, breathing in stentorious 
sentences, our sentiments of thankfulness 
/or Ihe favor. 


A Month); Journal of Penmanship Literature. 

$3. 3 months, $5. i year, $1: 

) 10, Sixty-five cents each. 
> 50, Rates made known t 

We desire to engage some reliable person — a stu 

dent or teacher — in every Business or other kind c 

e School in the land, 10 act as our representaliv 

and to solicit subbcriplio 

d adverlisemenls for ll 

Cleveland, Ohio. 



The idea thai the value of a periodical 
should be estimated by ihe standard of 
what the world calls "utility," or that 
matter should be weighed in the scales of 
a cynical public mind, is one of injustice, 
and is the fruit of a prevalent tendency 
toward materialism. A publication which 
has for its ideal of usefulness the catering 
to public needs of oM/y a business nature, 
or of presenting ideas that are confined 
strictly to the daily routine work of life^ 
does not inculcate in its makeup the true 
spirit of advanced journalism, nor does 
its ideal comprehend the essence of cul- 
tured thought. Real usefulness in per- 
iodical efTort comes from presenting 
material theories in such a manner that 
they may serve to lead the mind to a more 
lofty plane of intelligence and a more 
elevated conception of the obscure signifi- 
cations which cluster around life. 

There exists no reasonable "excuSe for 
the lamentable lack of good writers among 
journalists and literary men and women. 
If their life work consists in wielding the 
pen, we fail to see why they should not 
consider it of the utmost importance that 
they became skilled in its use. The fact 
that ideas, and not fine penmanship, are 
what they wish to disseminate, does not 
veil the fact that the pen is their most 
important implement, and that their lack 
of skill in using it is no more consistent 
than would be a total disregard of gesture 
or elocutionary effect in an orator. 

Without beauty of expression, speech 
loses much of the charm of thought ; 
so, without a neat dress and legible ap- 
pearance, recorded Ideas become obscure 
and lifeless. 

Good penmanship and literary taste are 
certainly desirable and congenial com- 
panion-attainments, as the one deftly 
pictures the meaning the other strives to 
convey. Being so nearly allied and both 
being accomplishments wiihin the reach 
of the most ordinary person, it should 
certainly be our aim to cultivate them 
together. The inability to think bright 
and valuable thoughts is no more to be 
condemned than the slothful habit 01 
transferring them to paper by means of an 
uucouth and repelling style of willing. 

The mind never tires of lengthy essays 
or of seemingly endless orations as long 
as originality of expression and brightness 
of thought characterize each succeeding 
step. Brevity is a highly desirable quality 
in literary productions where ideas are 




continue indefinitely, who unfolds to u 
the scrolls of polished thought, and wh( 
causes the scintillating beams of undis 

covered truth to shine in upon the dor- 
mant powers of the intellect, callmg into 
active existence and causing to bloom in 
hidden sweetness the inert and slumber- 
ing qualities of beauty which should adorn 
a symmetrically developed character. 

Brevity, then, should be an act of pro- 
priety, a consistency, which must be de- 
termined by the extent and character of 
intelligence used, of ideas presented, of 
thought embodied. 

Because it may not be necessary, in or- 
der for one to master practical writing, for 
ooe to attain to a marked degree of pro- 
ficiency in flourishing, does not argue that 
time spent on this branch is thrown away. 
It is not strictly necessary to broaden our 
range of thought in any direction, but by 
giving attention to those things that are 
intimately related to our specialty, we 
obtain increased proficiency and addi- 
tional reserve power. 

nber of one of the 
wholesale book and 
le country, and who, 


A prom men 
most widely k 
stationery firms 

by the way, is deeply interested 
manship, and well known to thi 
sion, remarked to me, during a recent c 
versation upon educational topics, that, 
his opinion, many of our business colleges 
had adopted very injurious and 
methods of advertising. He gavi 
pies of the inflated claims put forth by 
some schools, and added; "If we mis- 
represented the qualities of our goods in 
the same degree that some commercial 
schools magnify tlieir advantages, we would 
noi be allowed the use of the mails. And 
were we restrained by nothing but busi- 
ness policy, we should certainly avoid willful 
misrepresentations, as we would not ex- 
pect, unless -we faithfully described an ad- 
vertised article, to receive a second order 
I the same source. I certamly think 
our business colleges would insure for 
iselves a more permanent prosperity 
by avoiding the blustering style, and 
adopting that tone which would give to 
■ circulars the flavor of downright 
;sty and reliability." 

n a recent letter, our old friend, Prof, 
ler, makes use of the following words: 
don't think there is such a great difTer- 
e in our real opinions in regard to 
teaching writing as an outsider would sup- 
pose from a perusal of our published arli- 
It is an easy matter for two persons 
to stand on the same platform, and yet 
look in opposite directions." 


teacher" at his RICH- 

' Professor, our boys up North have 
gotten the idea that you are making about 
as much money in the teaching field as 
any one in the profession. I suppose they 

" I am not posted on what others make, 
so am unable to answer your question. 
But I do make penmanship pay, and have 
always done so since entering the work of 
leaching — over ten years ago." 

" How do you do it, may I ask? Is 
there some secret about it ?" 

"No secret whatever; it is simply a 
business matter, I assure you. I aimed 
to thoroughly prepare myself for the work 
before commencing, and have devoted my 
energies and thoughts to it, in the same 
degree that I would have done had I 
chosen any other line of business." 

low do you ac 
ny young pen 

out of their tt-aching and othe 
work of a penmanship nature?" 

"On the grounds that a great many of 
our young teachers have inflated ideas o 
their work. In'stead of working in a cool 
headed manner, instead of exercising busi 
ness tact and ability— they show a decided 
lack of practical ingenuity and adopt 
bombastic style of talking and advertisin 
I tell you there are more ignorant, puffed 
up, conceited teachers of jienmanship than 
than one would imagine at first thought.' 
" I, too, have met with not a few of this 
class, and am ot the opinion that they are 
mainly responsible for the prejudice which 
exists, in some communities, against writ- 
ing teachers in general. But you believe 
in aggressiveness in advertising, do you 

" J do ; but there must be brains back 
of it. A lack of real, discerning intelli- 
gence will soon be discovered by a think- 
ing people. There are many quahties and 
qualifications of which the successful writ- 
ing teacher must be possessed. His skill 
in execution must be of a versatile char- 
acter. In the presence of the business 
man he must be able to write a dashing, 
rapid style, perfectly plain and legible ; 
when striving to attract the attention of 
the verdant youth, he must be able to 
throw in numerous flourishes and spark- 
ling shades — as well as to deftly call into a 
pictured existence birds and swans of dif- 
ferent species. When catering to the fancy 
of the average young lady, delicate and 
tasteful scroll-work is olten effective." 

" But some of our professionals con- 
demn the use of flourishing or ornamental 
pen work in catching the attention of the 
.inexperienced. £10 you look upoittliis 
practice as perfectly legitimate ?" 

" I cannot see it in any other light. Does 
not the tradesman adapt his wares to the 
various tastes of his customers ? If I can 
procure a student by showing 
ability to execute a bird-flourish, 
getting him in my charge, teach him some- 
thing more substantial, in connection with 
it, I do not consider that I have been guilty 
of an immoral act." 

" Vou were speaking of the necessary 
qualifications of the teacher who succeeds. 
Are you through with the enumeration ?" 
" Teaching ability — the power of secur- 
ing an interest on the part of the pupil_ 
and of concentrating and fastening that 
interest on the work jn hand — is another 
essential quality. Good social qualities, 
pleasing address, graceful demeanor, tidy 
appearance, personal magnetism, a good 
general education, literary and art tastes, 
temperance principles and habits, plenty 
of enthusiasm and push, energy and cour- 
age. In short, the elements of success in 
the penman must be fully as marked as 
they are in the practical man of business." 
" You are permanently located here in 
Richmond, I believe. Does this work 
yield better profits than itinerant teach- 
ing r 

*' The receipts are greater — so are the 
expenses. Much job pen-work can be 
secured when one is located in a city. On 
the whole, I make about the same amount 
now as I did when traveling." 

" VVhy do you use copy-books in your 
school ?" 

" For the same reason that I would use 
written or blackboard copies — to furnish 
models for study and practice." 

*' Do you think there is room for 
traveling penmen in the South ?" 

for the failure off "Yes, there could scarcejy be a better 
ng I field. Expenses of all kinds are trifling. 

Momy is not scarce. The boys and girls 
will all welcome the advent of the writing 
teacher in a village or rural community, 
and the spirited young teacher will earn a 
good livelihood in this work. Some of 
the most pleasant recollections of my life 
are connected with my itinerant teaching. 
There is, also, a good field open for the 
enterprismg penman in our towns and 
cities. Many a young man, possessed of 
skill in penmanship— who is weanng his 
life away on the farm or in the workshop- 
could, if he but had the confidence neces- 
sary, build up a paying and permanent 
school in almost any live place of a few 
thousand inhabitants." 

"What are your views regarding the 
penman's papers of the country?" 

" They have always been my greatest 
helps— my most prolific sources of inspir- 
ation and encouragement. There's room 
for dozens yet. Let them come ! I am 
glad that the "Pen-Art Herald" is 
added to the list ! I believe it has come 
to stay ; and with the features it proposes 
to introduce, I think its birth has marked 
an era in the history of our chirographic 
literature. I, for one, shall lose no op- 
portunity that may present itself for lend- 
ing my cooperation ; and all concerned in 
its welfare may rest assured that the en- 
terprise will have, at least, all of my sup- 
port that it needs, and the benefit of all 
the influence that I may be able to exert." 


In our next issue we shall give a small 
mount of space to the answering of ques- 
tions pertaining to the art of penmanship 
or touehtng ttpon aoy theme of interest to 

-11 are invited to propound queries, and 
by mailing them in time for the October 
" Herald " each one will receive our 
thought and attention — with the most log- 
ical responses which we are capable of 
making. Come on with your interroga- 
tion points ! 


Western Pet. 
lustrations, so 

•lan : full of pen-work il- 
nd sense and practical 

Writing Teacher: the jovial delegate 
from the south ; smiling and attractive, 

American Penman ; an aristocratic look- 
ing caller, but withal a very sociable and 
sunny-natured guest. 

Penman's Art Journal : sedate and 
stately from the efl'ects of passing years, 
yet still in the glowing vigor of maturity. 

Exponent: perfumed with the oil of 
brightness and somewhat timid in the ex- 
pression of opinions — yet its visits do us 

Gaskell's Magazine : prepare to smile, 's 
what it means when this product of Evo- 
lution drops in. " God bless Scarbor- 
ough ! " echoes many a weary scribe. 

Penman's Art Gazette : crisp and spark- 
ling, lively and good-natured. May it 

thstand the frosts of many summers and 
winters to come ! 

A teacher must be able, at all times, to 
command the attention of every pupil in 
his charge. Do not begin to talk until 
all are listening. If one is inattentive, 
others will soon catch the infection. 


Amateui''^ page. 


Ir must be surprising to the older pen- 
men to observe the number o( young men 
who are making a special study of pen- 
manship at the present time. These 
students are found, hundreds of them, in 
the schools of penmanship and business 
colleges ; they are scattered over all the 
land, in almost every hamlet, town and 
city; they are on the farm, in the work- 
shops, the stores and the schools ; in 
short, everywhere we find young men, and 
young women as well, delving in the mys- 
teries of the beautiful art. And their 
number must cause a feeling of wonder 
and surprise to those of the craft whose 

L-' wnlm:^ lias also grown in a like pro- 
|)oriion. Good writing is coming to be 
expected and demanded of all young men 
seeking mercantile employment. With 
our increase of good teachers and the wide 
influence of our papers, it is becoming 
generally recognized and understood that 
good writing is not a natural gift, but is 
aajuired, like all other human attainments. 
The field, then, with the spread of knowl- 
edge, is widening, and the real master of 
penmanship can find plenty of room. 
Poor writers are all about us ; every school 
is filled with them ; they are in every 
home. Yes, there is plenty of work for 
the good penman. 

But there must be preparation for the 
work, and good, thorough preparation too. 
As the people grow to appreciate and de- 
sire good penmanship, they learn to know 
of what it consists. The diffusing of 



' ' While I ivonld not zoish to depreciate 
the importance of movement, I xvould 
locate the foundation of good ivriting in 
the brain and not in the arm.'' 

S. R. Webster. 

What can the ardent advocates ol m(r,-e- 
merit ofTer to show the fallacy of this 
assertion? Or :V it fallacious? 

" Movement is the foundation of good 

J. B. Duryea. 

The statements appear to be somewhat 
different ; but which is the more reason- 
able ? 

' ' Ideas lie at the bottom of good 
teaching and good execution. The 
n'riterivho studies the most and writes 
the least willy at the end of a year's 


We have been favored with a copy of 
" Bixler's Physical Training in Pen- 

It is handsomely bound and the illus- 
trations are attractive. The nature of its 
contents renders it nnique as a treatise 
upon writing ; yet it is none the less valu- 
able, and the professional, as well as the 
aspiring learner may find within its pages, 
much to think over and meditate upon. 
Prof. Bixler, ihe author, entertains ad- 
vanced views in regard to teaching, and is 
fearless in expressing them. 

The latest and best work, in compen- 
dium form, of which we are informed, is 
"A Series OF Lessons in Plain Writ- 
ing," of which Profs. H. J. Putman and 
W. J. Kinsley are the talented authors. 

memory goes back to the time when it was 
not so — when schools of the art were few 
and poorly patronized, and no journal 
shed its enlightenment for them. It is 
not strange that these men sometimes ask 
if there is room for this large and growing 
army of amateur penmen. It is not to 
be wondered at that the conservative 
should believe that soon ihe supply will 
greatly exceed the demand. Yet there is 
no real cause for alarm. Only a small 
proportion of those who are studying pen- 
manship will ever enter the profession as 
teachers. A large majority are studying 
the art because of the business and social 
advantages to be derived from the ability 
to write a good hand. These aside and 
the number who are disposed to follow 
penmanship for a life's work, is not alarm- 
ingly large. There is ample room for all 
who will work to master the whole subject. 
If the number of good writers has steadily 
grown for several years, the demand for 

chirographic knowledge has educated the 
public taste concerning it. Qualifications 
which a few years ago would have brought 
you fame and rich success, will not suffice 
now to save you from ridicule. 

Greater skill in execution is demanded ; 
a thorough knowledge of teaching prin- 
ciples you must have; a better education 
and a broader culture are expected ; and 
without these you cannot reach a high de- 
gree of success in the field of penman- 
ship. With these qualifications you have 
a career of usefulness before you. The 
work of the profession will soon fall upon 
your shoulders. The old men are stepping 
one by one from the ranks. Soon the 
last one will be gone, and you will be the 
veteran to another rising generation. The 
work of the fathers falling to you is a great 
honor and a heavy responsibility. Work- 
ing with the full strength of your young 
manhood, the responsibility will be well 
met and the honor nobly gained. 

Epsom. N. H., July 18, 1S87. 

practice, execute fat better than he who 
practices continually. ' ' 

A. H, Hinman. 

The above contains a good deal of val- 
uable suggestion to the learner ; and may 
well be pondered and digested by the 

" Acquire a good movetnent, first of 
all:' A. M. Snyder. 

'■'first form; second movement." 
B. M, Worthington. 

' ' /// penmanship, more of the ivork 
is mechanical than intellectual ; the 
mind must act in unison ii^'ith the body, 
but execution soon becomes of a mental 
automatic nature.''' W. W. Bennett. 

The foregoing extracts are taken at 
random from articles that have appeared 
in the difTerent penman's papers. Our 
object in presenting them in this form is 
to exhibit the apparent contrast in ideas 
concerning the real foundation of skill in 

As its name would indicate, it is entirely 
devoted to writing, and as a guide for 
the home student cannot fail to prove all 
that could be desired. 

It consists of seventeen very beautiful 
plates, the paper used being an excellent 
quality of cardboard. The copies are 
seemingly perfect in every detail ; they are 
graded in an inductive manner, and pre- 
sent an admirably arranged course in 
practical writing. The book of instruc- 
tions which accompanies the plates is far 
more complete and comprehensive than 
anything of the kind extant. 

It is a genuine pleasure for us to com- 
mend such a valuable addition to the 
penman's and student's library, and we 
assure our readers that it would be ex- 
ceedingly difficult to procure another 
work on penmanship possessing equal 

Subscribe for the Pen-Art Herald. 


;ill, i 


In the ^chool \mm. 



When the editor of the Herald re- 
quested us to write an article on the sub- 
ject of penmanship, suitable to appear 
under the heading " In the Schoolroom," 
our first inspiration was to give the 
teachers of pubHc schools a thorough go- 
ing over on account of their inability to 
teach the branch. Then we remembered 
of having heard several hundred teachers 
plead the lack of time to learn penman- 
ship, so our course will be pursued in a 
gentle way, and we believe our good 
friends, the public school teache: 
due time, see that their work v 
considered a success until th< 
show as much progress in writing as in the 
other branches. 

We firmly believe that the time is near 
at hand when an applicant for teacher's 
license will be required to present a satis- 
factory style of penmanship, both on pa- 
per and blackboard, instead of simply 
answering a few old cut-and-dried ques- 
tions which simply amount to nothing. 

As the Her.. 
to be designed to meet 
the demands of thi 
mon school teacher, it 
will be our aim to present 
such methods and illus- 
trations as will enable the 
teacher to practice for 
himself and present the 
subject to his pupils in 
such a manner that inter- 
est and improvement will 
be certain. 

Sit erect 
the floor ; 

dined toward the desk 
enough so that the elbow 
may rest on desk; position 
of hand and pen as near 
like illustrations as possi- 

They she 

uld bt 

the best for beginni 
practiced rapidly, ' 
resting on desk and paper as above men- 
tioned, forcing the finger to slide on the 
paper with each stroke of the ptn, thus 
acquiring what is commonly termed Mus- 
cular Movfinent. 

The teacher should place the copy on 
the blackboard and thoroughly explain the 
position of each stroke, in order that the 
pupil may first understand what he is go- 
ing to do. The small o exercises in first 
line of copies are the best for practice of 
sliding the hand. See that each letter is 
closed at the top. After about ten min- 
utes' taithful practice on small o, take the 
copy in second line and give it some faith- 
ful practice, then return to small o. As 
soon as these exercises can be made fairly 
well, take the small a m circle. Master 
each copy before advancing to the next, 
and after a few lessons, >ou will be sur- 
prised at the interest manifested in the 
work, and soon the writing period will 
seem too short, and the pupils will look 
forward to the writing hour with pleasure 
instead of dread. This accomplished 
and you have gained the victory. 

Do not bore your pupils with the old 
analysis of the letters — the very thought 
of it is discouraging in the extreme. In 

cut, well know: 
Standard Penn 
in a rich style, 
the idea of n 
while we can'i 

author of " Appleton's 
hip," writes us a letter 
ie does not believe in 

penman's papers, but 
lincide with his views 
r like the man none the 

letters will invade our 

on that subject, 
less, and trust 
editorial domain often. " * 

Our jolly friend of the "Gem City," 
Henry P. Behrensmeyer, occasionally 
sends us a slip of his writing or a card 
which we never could discover language 
suitable for describing. Elegant — no, su- 
perb — or — oh, we can't frame a sentence 
that embodies an expression of our feelings 
when looking at his work— so please fill 
out this paragraph with your imagination, 
indulgent reader. 

We hear from C. P. Zaner, too. Most 
of us are aware that he lives at Columbus, 
Ohio. We sometimes wonder if his first 
name does not sound like his post-office; 
at least we think he is an explorer in the 
world of pen art. He has certainly dis- 
covered an immense amount of new beauty 
in the art of pen-flourishing. His work in 
that line is the chief topic for gossip among 
our pen propellers just now. 

Professor U. McKee of Oberlin fame, 
never loses an opportunity to make our 
enthusiasm swell by an inspiring letter. 

to get an insight into the practical work- 
ings of dozens of business cofleges ; and 
it is a real pleasure forus to call the at- 
tention of our readers to the advertisement 
of a school, which, we candidly believe, 
has advantages on a par with the best 
schools in America. We refer to the 
Ohio Business University. While we have 
no connection with the school, we are 
near enough to know what is the character 
of work done within its walls, and have 
never met with a better qualified faculty, 
nor have we ever seen a more elegantly 
furnished set of school-rooms. Those 
desiring to prepare for teachers of pen- 
manship will here find splendid facilities^ 
there being four excellent penmen and 
teachers on the faculty list. 

Let the thick part of arm just below 
the elbow, rest on desk, and tip of little 
finger on paper. See that these are the 

only rests of the hand a 


Too much practice cannot be given to 
the development of the muscles by vig- 

drills ( 
We present; 
rticle, which ' 

few simple 

e consider among 

articles in the Herald we will pre- 
sent our methods of teaching penmanship 
without the old analysis. 
Dixon, III., Sept. i, 1887. 


We have been favored with an unique 
and effective design in flourishing from 
the inspired pen of D. H. Farley, Trenton. 
New Jersey. Mr. Farley's skill with the 
pen is only equaled by his sterling quality 
of intelligence and common sense in all 
matters pertaining to the work of his call- 

F. E. Cook, Penman, Business College, 
Stockton, California, sends us some spec- 
imens of his card-writing which exhibit a 
marked degree of skill and delicacy of 

: lettei 

from that pen-giant, 

laltimore, Maryland, 

admiration for his 

W. H. Patrick of 

serve to increase 1 

attainments as a p 

qualities as a mar 

little gem of plain 

for the " Herald.' 

arrived too late for 

will constitute one of the many good 

things which our future numbers will bring 

to your homes. 

Lyman D.Smith of Hartford, Connecli- 

He has prepared a 
'iting to be engraved 
We are sorry that it 

He is a whole-souled, 
and, so far as we know, has not an enemy 
in the world whose friendship would be 
worth possessing. We hope to give our 
readers an extended peep into his school 
and home-life in an early issue. 

C. H. Peirce, whose "electric " radiance 
proceeds from Keokuk, Iowa, mails us a 
package of specimens, consisting of a 
glittering array of extended movement ex- 
ercises. His pen glides through the intri- 
cate mazes of technical combinations with 
an easy familiarity that is refreshing. He 
also sends us*a portly looking swan, grace- 
fully swimming on a lake of quills and 
flourishes. He says it is to " Show Walter 
some Piercing Strokes." 

Our highly esteemed friend, E. iW. 
Bloser, of Delaware, Ohio, writes us from 
his home at Plainfield, Pennsylvania, 
where he is spending his vacation. If his 
handwriting becomes even more beautiful 
than it is at present from this refreshing 
contact with the charms of mountain 
scenery, we fear that our editorial frater- 
nity will be compelled to form a chiro- 
graphic syndicate for the purpose of im- 
porting figures of speech suitable for de- 
scribing it to the readers of our papers. 

During our experience as a teacher of 
penmanship we have had opportunity 

All Schools of Commercial Science are 
earnestly requested to mail us their cata- 
logues, circulars and other documents, 
thereby enabling us to gain an idea of the 
progress they are making and the quality 
of work they are doing. 

The popular educator, Prof G. W. 
own of Jacksonville, III., seems to be 
unusually prosperous. His school is one 
of the leading commercial institutions of 
the West. He has lately 
secured the services of E. 
H. Robins, whose " busi- 
ness writing " will, we 
think, satisfy even the 
most fastidious. Mr.Rob- 
ins will have charge of 
the Penmanship Depart- 
--^ ment of the school dur 

C^/ ing the coming year. 

From all the data we 
have at hand, we are 
forced to the conclusion 
that the Atchison (Kan- 
sas) Business College is 
not an ordinary School, 
by any means. It has 
several accomplished pen- 
ts faculty. 
Elliott's Business Col- 
lege, Burlington, Iowa, 
could scarcely be any- 
i first-class Business College, 
educator as G. W. Elliott is 
ich a penman as I. 
:s faculty, 
iantof Cleveland, 
University," -now 
equal footing with the lead- 
of business of which our 

at its head, and when : 
W. Pierson belongs to 
The healthy young 
the "Ohio Business 
stands on a 
ing school: 

country can boast. 

Prof. A. W. Smith of the Meadville, 
Pa. Business College, if we can judge 
from a highly flattering notice in one of 
his home papers, is not allowing long ser- 
vice to coo! his enthusiasm, but is making 
his school more and more popular each 
succeeding year. 

The Penman's Art Gazette 






Send 10 cU. for sample copy and look it over. 
No more free samples ; we pay for what we get; 
if you are a live penman or a lover of penman- 
ship you will never regret spending 10 cts. for a 
sample copy. Address, 


reinple Court. CHICAGO, ILL. 



The greater part of our support, so far, 
at least, as subscriptions count as supporl, 
must come from the younger class of 
penmen ; and, indeed, the greater part of 
our profession, so far as numbers count in 
producing greatness, is composed of youtig 
men and boys — some of ihem teachers of 
writing, some amateurs, and some prepar- 
ing to assume the responsibilities and cares 
of the teacher's life. Realizing that not | 
an unimporiant part of the mission of such 
a periodical as the Hlrald intends to be- 
come is to afford all possible- aid and en- 
couragement to this very large and grow- 
ing class of workers, we have determined 
to devote a page of our new paper, each 
month, or such a fraction of a page as 
circumstances may require, to presenting 
matter of especial interest to the " Boys;" 
and in making this new departure in 
chirographic journalism, we do not lose 
sight of the fact that to render this corner 
valuable and interesting we must endeavor 
to enlist the co operation of every young 
person we can find who evinces an inter- 
est in good penmanship. 

Young friends — boys and girls, young 
men and women, all — you can be of great 
service to us in various ways. " How," 
do you ask ? We will give you some new 
work to perform for each issue ; and at 
present, we will simply offer a suggestion 
which we trust all will act upon. Write 
Jo us, regularly each month. In your letters, 
tell us what hindrances you find in learn- 
'ing to write; what seems to retard your 
progress ; what there is about our paper 
that you like; what there is you don't 
like; and, last of all, suggest the addi- 
tion of any features or departments 
■which, in your estimation, would improve 
our Herald. The person — no matter who 
— that suggests an original feature which 
has, in our opinion, the most merit, will 
be rewarded by seeing that feature adopted 
and inculcated in our future issues, with 
full credit to the originator. You can thus 
become, to a certain extent, your own 
editor, inasmuch as we promise to accept 
your plans for improvement, if they are 
commendable. Let us hear Uom you be- 
fore the October number £;oes to press. 

The Utica, N. Y. Business College 
issues a handsome catalogue. It is richly 
embellished with cuts of pen-work from 
the hand of that inimitable artist in pen- 
manship, Prof. H. W, Kibbe. 

We are in receipt of an attractively 
gotten up programme of Clark's Fourth 
Anniversary and Graduating Exercises, to 
be held in the Opera House at Erie. 
Theeloqvient Geo. R. Wendling will de- 
liver the Annual Addi 

lo you. and y 


i tha 


'Muscular Mo 

fitting name for a method of writing which I 
want to leach to you. Tliis "wliat is it" move- 
ment is wliat you need to write well, ^'ow. 
look 1 I will give you a lesson in it— copy fresh 
from my pen and directions for practice— for 
only a dime and a two cent stamp. 1 have 
arranged a course of lessons, and you can get 
any number of them, all different, for just the 

My pr 

rill be sent with first goods ordered. 

F. S. HEATH, Epsom, N. H. 

Specimens of Flourishing, 




copies. A cabinet size engraving of "ye" editor 
is given on first page and a tine article by Prof. 
H. Russell. The paper contains sixteen pages 
and cover. Subscription price is 25c. a year; in 
clubs of .'■> or more. Ufic. a year. A copy for 
inspection will be sent free. Address, 





ONE DOZEN WRITTI':N PARDS. .lifTerpnt slvles an<i oomliinai 
AN EI.EnjNTI.V WRITTEN LETTER, giving hints on h 

A MA- II' : 1 X OF FLOURISHING, fresh from i 

A BEAI I , . I - 

Send ni, :n,.i i „iil ;-i,, 

OR IF Yul Ham; a ^l 
Book, and let tue use my owi. 
the work you will be aurpriseff al 

Postal eards conitigned lo the T 

e 9x12 inches. 25c. 

Address all orders to 

E. H. ROBINS, Penman, Business ColleRe, 






stamp. 'IwA. 1 will flourish 

men in the form of an E_ 

bristol board 18x22inche3 and _ 

ONE DOLLAR BILL and five U. S. red stamps. 

N. B.— I warrant the elephant to be perfectly 

harmless. 3rd. I will give you a course of 15 


for a postal note worth ?3, and 15 U. S. red 

"*~ ■"" All the copies are fresh from 

^. — _.„.„ o™jup for descriotiuii i 

the special Penmanship Department of the 
Northern 111. Normal School, time unlimited 
' T t30. Board »1.40. $1,70, and fi2,00 per week! 



in the country. His work is original, ; .„ 

copied largely, on accountof itaartistic beauty. 
The publishers of the Wesltrn Penman are de- 
lighted to be able to announce that during the 
ng year Prof. Kibbe will present to the 

readers of that paper through its columns, i 

systematic course iii all branches of penma~ 

ip. All of the illustrations will be photo-e 

graved direct from Prof. Kibbe's pen-work, and 
no old cuts will be used. The cost of the Pen- 
man compared with the value of this course of 
lessons, will be as a drop in the ocean, to one 
who has an iota of chirographic blood in liia 

the matter further; 

The riVf/^^«/'c/,m,i« has been published nearly 
four years without running against breakers: 
" twenty page piper, is publis' ' 

been the foreni 

'of the 1 

column in which 

the writing of subscribers sent in for that pur- 
pose is criticised. Such eminent penmen as 
Webb, of Nashville. Tenn., Collins, of Knox- 
ville. Tenn,. Crandle. now of Dison, 111., and 
Zaner, of Columbus, 0.. have been giving les- 
sons in the various branches of pen-work in its 
columns, and these gentlemen will continue 
their lessons from time to time. 

NOW we have told you something about the 
WesUni P^nm.m. whatitis.and what it will be. 
Don't you think vou would Hke to read it, at 
least one year? It will be mailed to your ad- 
dress for a year for the very small sum of 50c. 
If you have never seen the Western Penman, and 
would like to examine a copy, with a view to 
subscribing, we will send you one copy FREE. 

We want to hear from you. Address, 



Send for big catalogues. Send GO eta. for 
Bixler'B Physical Training in Penmanship, the 
I litest ami most popular work on Rapid Writing. 
Beautifully bound in cloth. Tells all about or- 
ganizing and teaching classes. Hundreds oE 
testimonials from penmen and Educational 

Catalogue and 

Furnished i _ . __ _^. 

graved specimens free. AddressT 

O. N. CRANDLE, Penman, 
N. I. N. School. 


^ splendid miieeiila) 
rlii. Bus. Dept. King's Moi 



The Finest Ever Published. 




Who ^uLDpni/Ei^ dopy? 

They are entirely r 

It advocates the muscular movement and tells you hoio to get it and hold it. It is what its n 
kind, not even flourished capitals. All of the space is occupied by plain writing. Isn't that 8 
throughout. The work is systematically arranged, and not thrown on in a haphazard r 
much information as any instruction hook gi\ 
divided into two parts. 


Part 1 contains seventeen elegantly engraved slips 
printed on heavy plate paper. These slips are not bound 
together, and one can be taken out of the case and the 
otliers kept clean. 

They do not give any ornamental copies, or various 
styles or capitals, but adhere to a systematic set, and 
thus make the acquirement of a good hand writing 
much easier than by any other plan. They are just the 
thing to use in the school room, and will surely obtain 
good results whenever used. 

There are two slips devoted to movement exercises, 
giving fifty-five different exercises. The small letters 
are given in the order in which they should be taught 
and words are arranged so as to introduce no letters bu^ 
those already practiced. This will be of great help to 
teachers. The small letters are analyzed by means of 
staff lines. 

A great variety of words introducing nothing but 
small letters. The finest set of plain capitals ever given. 
The capital letters are analyzed by a new plan easily 
understood by all. The exact spacing of all parts of the 
letters can be seen at a glance. Following the analyzed 
capital a letter is given for practice. Then comes a short 
word introducing the capital, followed by a *hort 
sentence, starting with the same capital. The capitals 
are given in the teaching order, as well as the small 

Tlie figures are analyzed by means of staff lines, and 
a great variety of commercial abbreviations are intro- 
duced. Formsof draft, receipt and letter are prominent 
features. The letter, as a model for letter writing, Is 
worth alone the price of the work. One slip of "solid" 

elegantly engraved on copper and printed from atone on the finest kind of very heavy plate-paper. All of these copies 
not the cast-off portion of a system of penmanship or the stale specimens that have appeared in the penmanship pai>era 

I years a need has been felt for well arranged copy slips of pla 

Tlie want we think haa been r 

1 *' A Series of Lessons in Ptai 

ne indicates — on 
methingnew? I 
:o fill up the slip. The " 
L complete instructor and 


Part 2 i 
slips. Th 



;i Book ' 
nplete a 

' to accompany the 
nd comprehensive 
irk of this kind. It 
does not simply mention and skim over the difficult 
things in writing hut explains all of the hard points. 

It contains chapters on "Materials," "Position" 
(giving cuts) "Form," "Movement," etc. There are 
twenty lessons mapped out, with copies and explana- 
tions given for tlie benefit of students and teachers. A 
chapter of "General Information" and a great many 
points of interest are touched upon. 

The slips and Instruction Book are enclosed in a neat 
and substantial case and and mailed to any address upon 
receipt of Fifty Cents. 

The enti 
and if it does 

The Beginner, 

The Amateur, 

The Public School Teacher, 

The Traveling Teacher of 

The Professional Teacher of 

And all others who are Interested 
in Penmanship. 

work is the result of teaching experience, 
" ■—► give satisfaction, money will be re- 

writing alone. It dOes not give ornamental work of any 

not give optional or variety capitals but holds to one set j 

Instruction Book" contains from two to four times ^< 

explains all the hard points in writing. The wocJt is 


For fear that the readers of this advertisement may 
think we have a case of the " big-head " over our pub- 
lication, and ftre saying things that are not so, we give 
below a few testimonials. These are not all we have in 
stock, by any means, and if you watch the colunins of 
this and other penman's papers, you will see more of 
tlipm. We are proud of the support we are recffiving 
from tlie profession: /^O)" 

PROF. E. K. ISAACS, Normal School. Valparaiso, luU 



ment, engraving, etc. I was by no means Inokhig-fprsifch > 

_ ,_ ...._L __ s of copies with the exphcit irisrtuctioiis 

luable aid to any *J»©' 

ting. I may po>«rtbly 

small club for your '"'Series 

t help but be a very 

> my head 

s " some of these clays. 1 

irale wilh the merit of th. 

ever isWed foi^honre pTacMee. The schuol teachtr will find 
it a vahiable help in his work. The copies, arrangement 
and appearance could not be better. IT IS EQUAL TO 
should be in the hands of every one who has a desire to 
reach a higher degree of excellence in plain penmanship. 

PROF. H. F. VOGEL, Editor "Penman's Art Gazette," 

T mm' . i; M,,:\ ; ...noiince it ONE OF THE BEST AND 
AN I ' ' I , -^ ; I ri the market. For a thorough, syste- 
Tii.ii II .111.1 M r i .^' 1 ,1 ;, ,| series of slips for home practice, they 
aie I.U Mi|)ci 1... I.- liic Luinpendiums so extensively advertised. 

nething good. 


PROF. G. E. NETTLETON, Johnson's Com'l College, St. 

The exercises and copies are arranged in a superior man- 
ner, the instructions are concise and complete and the work 
is eleganlly engraved. I am of the opinion that, TAKEN 
KIND EXTANT, and that ANY student who will follow 
closely its instructions may become a fine plain writer. 

PROF. M. L. MINER, Prin. Com'l Dep't, Albion College, 
Albion, Mich. 
It is a carefully prepared production. The forms are 
excellent, the workmanship fine. Without doubt IT IS 
THE BEST SELF-INSTRUCTOR for plain writing now 
published, and especially recommends itself to young teachers. 

PROF. E. G. EVANS, Prin. Burlington Bus. Coll., Bur., Vt. 

For beauty, simplicity, and clearness I HAVE YET TO 


[■LI'A'^Kli WITH. I belong to that class who wish to 

als, yet I am "old fogy" enough to believe 

Plain \Vr 

standard. Yom- " Series of Lessor 
' I think fills the bill. I shall rccommei. 
3 any others. 

Agents yntert ."every town and school. A liberal discount given. Money can be made selling these ■■Lessons" , 

of Lessons in Plain Writing" is a good one 
and just what every one ought to have who wants to.Iearn 
a good, practical hand. IT IS BETTER THAN MOST 

7 .i; Vi l^^'^ven'- pe'ruuamR me remaining people who wai 

e tor the money than anysimdar work published, we will refund the 




P. O. Box 186. 1 



f p. O. Box 787. 


Yol. L 


No. 2. 

Were we to state that, in our honest 
opinion, Me avtragtprofcssionalptnman is 
incapable of succesifuUy imparting to a 
pupil a strongy sensible and durable busi- 
ness hand-writ ingy we should, doubtless 
incur the ill-will of many. But we are 
almost persuaded that in so doing we 
should but echo that which every day 
makes clearer and more unmistakable to 
the commercial community. Not long 
since, a roan of a0iairs remarked to me that 
the time he had spent in learning to write 
was simply time lost! He explained that 
it was not because writing was of no use 
to him, but that he found the style which 
he so laboriously acquired under the 
tuition of a writing master of no practical 
utility. When subjected to the test of use 
in actual business, the old story of a rapid 
deterioration to a mere scrawl was the 
natural result. With such an astounding 
accumulation of evidence against the meth- 
ods of teaching business writing which 
are so largely in vogue among the members 
of our fraternity, it becomes a matter of 
pressing importance that we enter upon 
an honest investigation, and that we en- 
deavor to discover the defects in our 
theories, though through that discovery 
we may be forced to abandon some favor- 
ite belief, or to discard some long practiced 
teaching habit. 

There is no one thing which so eflTeclu- 
ally serves to create, in the minds of busi- 
ness men, a dislike for the business college 
or which aids in robbing those institutions 
of their rightful sphere in the business 
world, as the actual failure of their writing 
teachers to afford proper training in this 
branch. It sounds very agreeable and 
soothing to our sensitive aurical append- 
ages, to occupy space in our journals in 
congratulating one another on the wonder- 
ful progress toe are making ; of the rapid 
strides we are taking in the direction of 
advance theories in teaching ; but while 
we are, indiscreetly, resting in a state of 
perfect tranquillity over the grand results 
that are being achieved, it does not stifle 
the cry for a reform which the outside 
world is uttering, nor satisfy the demands 
which practical people are making upon 
our institutions for instruction in writing 
which shall produce just the results needed 
~ Mfhen the school is exchanged for the 
counting-room. Other subjects of the 
curriculum are taught in a manner which 
more nearly conforms to the usages and 
practices of the world ; but writing is 
treated as though in its acquisition the 
pupil must rear a delicately beautiful and 
artistic structure ; as though the only uses 

to which it is expected that it shall be de- 
voted are the subserving of and ministering 
to the art taste. 

The time must come when the style of 
writing and the kind of movements taught 
in the business college and those used in 
the transaction of actual business shall be 
identical — the latter only a more complete 
development of the former. Unjil this 
is accomplished, we have an important 
work to do.which it is educational sacrilege 
to ignore or neglect. The teacher must 
become the possessor of a rapid and legible 
business hand, as well as of the resthctic 
and ornate; he must mingle with and 
become accustomed to the practices of 
business men, and familiar with the usages 
of business establishments. Let him con- 
sult the tastes of book-keepers, office 
clerks, telegraph operators and post-office 
employes as to what they regard as the 
most practical forms and the most availa- 
ble movements in business writing. 

We must try to bring about a reconcili- 
ation between the business college and the 
business community, and an advance step 

from a practical standpoint, than is great 
proficiency in the higher branches of the ' 



My Esteemkd Palmer — The stolid and 
haughty personage who flings my mail in 
at the door in a savage manner twice each 
day, brought me, this morning, the last 
issue of the Western Penman. For three 
and a half years, the modest wrapper 
which encloses this widely admired little 
magazine, has followed and overtaken me 
— although during that time I have wan- 
dered among some of the waste places of 
our side of the globe. Before your first 
number was materialized, if you will re- 
member, I hastened to contract for twelve 
of its visits, and since those far-gone days, 
it has never quite deserted me. Through 
its columns I have poured the ripest of 
my mental fruits — the best of my pub- 

is made in that line when we recognize the 
fact that, in all probability, some of the 
complaints against our system are, in part, 
just ones. It is rather inconsistent for a 
teacher in a business college to assume 
the responsibility of training a young man 
for some position in the world of commerce 
which he, himself, would be utterly incapa- 
ble of filling. How many of the instruc- 
tors in our commercial schools could step 
into a business office and discharge, in a 
satisfactory manner, the duties of a practi- 
cal book-keeper or correspondent ? Not 
many, I am convinced. 

It is a too common habit with presidents 
of this class of schools to regard the abil- 
ity of a penman to write an artistic style 
as a sufficient passport in admitting him 
to his faculty as a writing teacher. While 
we would be far from uttering a word to the 
detriment of the artistic and ornamentalin 
pen-art, we do candidly believe that in a 
business college teacher, the ability to 
write a strong, plain hand and to impart 
it to pupils, is of far greater importance, 

lished articles — however weak and flimsy, 
full'of substanceless and hollow argument 
they may have been adjudged by yourself 
and readers. Because of the prominent 
place I have always assigned to your lively 
publication in my collection of periodical 
treasures, I trust that you will not think 
strangely of me for manifesting a vital and 
earnest interest in the somewhat pro- 
nounced editorial which appeared in the 
current number, and which carelessly 
picks up myself and niy new journalistic 
enterprise, and losses us about, over the 
waves of merciless and destructive criti- 
cism, in a perfectly cool and matter-of-fact 

I cannot help believing that your re- 
view, coming, as it did, before you exam- 
ined a copy of the Herald, was more the 
result of a misunderstanding of my inten- 
tions in the literary line, than of a dispo- 
sition on your part to depreciate my ven- 
ture, simply because it does not propose 
to adopt all the features of nor imitate 
in every detail, the paper over which you 

have the honor of presiding. I am thank- 
ful for your advice — not so much for its 
value, however, as for the spirit which, I 
like to hope, prompted it. I am some- 
what surprised that you should adopt the 
decayed form of criticism which invariably 
refers to the inexperience of the subject, if, 
perchance, the frosts have not congealed 
his youthful spirits. Why, my dear 
Palmer, we are all inexperienced. Can 
any of us assume to have passed so many 
of life's dark places, and to have so thor- 
oughly inculcated the lessons that are 
thus afforded, that we can avoid stumb- 
ling ? Yes, I do not blush to acknowl- 
edge that I am young — almost a boy, in 
fact. Yet I have encountered a sufficient 
number of the rough places in the pathway 
of years to give to me not an inconsidera- 
ble portion of that acquired insight which 
we are in the habit of calling practical 

* + ¥:■■- ;i-- 

In my new paper I shall not recognize 
the fact, // /'/ bt a fact, that what you are 
pleased to term "long-winded articles" 
are an essential ingredient in a venture 
which claims literary merit. In my esti- 
mation, the highest attainable excellence 
in composition is the ability to embody 
the most real, forcible and INTENSI- 
FIED MEANING, in the least possible 
entangling of word foliage. In our attempts 
to be brief we should always endeavor to 
avoid abruptness and inelegance, angular- 
ity and harshness. Even when presenting 
matter of the most sternly practical nature, 
we Can render our ideas far more forcible 
and pleasing by lending to our style of 
word pictures that wave-like grace and rest- 
ful freshness of expression which character- 
ize the productions of proficient journal- 
ists. I am unable to disconnect the re- 
lations which, in my opinion, a periodical 
should sustain to Journalism, and which 
journalism sustains toward literature. I 
look upon them as a sort of trinity. The 
idea of a publication is always closely 
allied with the idea of Journalism. The 
presenting of designs in art must be made 
supplementary to the journalistic or literary 
matter, or the periodical loses that element 
which gives it character. 

You refer to the fact that those in search 
of literature in its higher forms never seek 
it among the lists of penmen's papers. If 
they had any assurance if finding it, they 
ivould surely not hesitate to do so. I often 
fall to wondering why this is so, and I can 
come to no other conclusion than that the 
penmanship editors have educated the 
people wrongly. The reading public are 
not prejudiced in favor of any class of 


magazines lo such a degree that they will 
not search for merit outside of the recog- 
nized channels. A display of true genius 
cannot be hidden. It will be dhtovera^ 
and it makes Utile difference lo the cul- 
tured as to where the blaze bursts forth. 
No, my brother editor, I do not expect 

At least three desires impelled me to 
enter this work, and you will, doubtless, 
comprehend me more fully when you are 
made aware of their nature. The all-im- 
portant one. from which springs the tiio, 
consists of a strange and intense love for 
the profession of penmanship and the 

the home circle, and there inspire the 
youth to higher aims, and better efTort, 
in a chirographic sense. In view of the 
fact that writing is so sorrowfully neg- 
lected, parents could be easily persuaded 
to place a penman's paper in the hands 
of their boys and girls, could they feel 

for something more refreshing and invig 
orating in our journalistic world. In a 
penman's paper they expect to find mate- 
rial for an occasional hour of pleasant and 
helpful reading. 

There are a great many penmen who 
%adty need the higher style of lUerature, 
and they will never procure it unless it 

___'^'' '^t'-^ — '• FEB g. l BB 3, - - ^- -^ ' ..-_ 


J//r// r/J /r JArr/ ///r// Af J^ejJrJJyr// // A/J r//ff/iYr/// //uuU^ief^&if^' 



gratifying results in my work for long 
years yet. My ideal Pen Art Herald 
is so far superior to the present, actual 
one, that I should not feel that an injus- 
tice had been done me were the members 
of our profession to refuse me even a 
smattering of material support. 

work of teaching. I should count no 
sacrifice too great were the end to be 
attained the advancement of our work. 
I believe that in no way can we more 
surely move forward than by enlisting the 
power and influence of the press in our 
behalf. We must secure admission into 

safe in doing so. Unfortunately, the ma- 
jority of our papers are addicted to the 
use of slang phrases, and it is useless to 
deny the fact that the general reading 
matter is far from elevating, inspiring or 
purifying in its general tone- 
There is a class of teachers who long 

can be obtained in connection with the 
Journals of their profession. 

From this tedious recital of my plans 
and expectations as connected with my 
Herai.d, I trust that you will conclude 
that it deserves to live. With fraternal 
greetings, I remain the same visionary, 
inexperienced Showalter. 



When a man does some worthy thing 
ilia manner that indicates genius; when 
one. by utilizing his every power, forces 
himself to the front ; when his accomplish- 
ments are brought into such bold relief 
that people are forced to notice them— 
then, it is perfectly natural that those who 
are striving to attain to a like eniineoce 
should desire to know something definite 
in regard to the circumstances under which 
he has labored— in order that the causes 
of his success may be discovered. The 
study of biography is never an unpleasant 
or irksome one. It is a sort of delightful 
pastime to glance over the events and oc 
currences of another's life ; especially is 
this so if his pathway has been leading to 
the same centre towards which our own 

One of our own brolhers, who is a 
fitting representative of the ' ««<' south" 
—Prof. H. J. Williamson, of Richmond. 
Va., has a record of which he may appro- 
priately boast. His earliest glimpses of 
the world were obtained among the mel- 
ancholy Alleghenies of Virginia, in 1859. 
He arrived upon our planet in rather a 
critical period, as the chronologist will re- 
call. In justice to our friend we must 
say, that his better instincts induced him 
to remain neutral during the progress of 
the rebellion ; the same can be said of a 
great many of our now prominent profes- 
sionals. This aversion to informal and 
careless fencing, which he silently manifes- 
ted at so early an age, has found its more 
practical development in his career since 
that time, as he has shown an unmistakable 
preference for the pen — having mastered, 
himself, and drilled numerous scattered 
armies in penmanistic tactics. 

The stream of events which are looked 
upon as essentials of a biography may be 
recited as follows from his life calende 
His father's fortune was largely s: 
ficed in the civil conflict which occurred 
during the morning twilight of his years, 
Inheriting an energy which is the offspring 
of that sombre period of our history, Yt 
longed to excel in everything attempted, 
and was capable of performing the farm 
work of a man while merely a boy in 
strength and age. Until twelve years of 
age he worked upon his father's place, per 
sonifying the tanned, barefoot boy which 
Whittier dreams into poetical life. The 
only essential difference in the boy of the 
poem and the sprightly youngster of whom 
we are compiling remarks, consisted in 
that the latter sometimes had his back, as 
well as his cheek, tanmd. We are not 
justified, by the data on our table, in 
stringing this irrelevant comment on the 
rosary of Mr. Williamson's biography ; but 
our own early experience in the same sec- 
tion of country suggests the statement, At 
this time his father sustained heavy losses 
by fire, and, as his was a nature craving 
independence, he procured employment 
in a store, working upon a very small sal- 
ary for five years. During this period a 
few copies of the old "Western Penman " 
came into his possession. The usual results 
resulted resuUanlly. The fires were kin- 
dled ! He was wild with his newly found 
love for beautiful penmanship, and vowed 
that he would one day possess the ability 
to execute those graceful forms which had 
burned themselves into his mind. 

In order to carry out his resolve he 
squared his laundry bills, purchased a box 

uppose that anything 
I will attend this 

preposterous to 1 
hort of an ideal 

,\s a teacher, the Professor is a power. 

s whole soul is in the work, and his 
genial manner and infectious enthusiasm 
gain for him at once the entire confidence 
and esteem of his pupils. 

As a man, he is possessed of such a 
catalogue of liberal traits as are rarely 
combined in an individual. We know 
him to be broad-hearted and noble, there 
is not a trace of selfish narrowness in his 

He is a spicy and interesting literary 
writer, as is evidenced by his able and 
bright editorial work on that model speci- 
men of a live penman's paper, "The 
Writing Teacher." 

He is single. That he may succeed in 
getting married and in all of his future 
endeavors in even a greater degree than 
which has followed him in the past, 
is earnestly hoped by the editor of the 
Pen Art Herald. 

of new paper collars, and found his way 'buih up an immense card business among 
to Washington, taking a course in plain j his former pupils. 

writing of Prof. H. C Spencer. , Entering the teaching field again, he 

Returning to his loved Virginia, he or- 1 located at Richmond. Beginning with a 
ganized a class in penmanship, at Wood 1 small class, his numbers have constantly 
Lawn, numbering over seventy-five pupils, increased until he has enrolled, during 
His success as an itinerant was immediately the past two years, over fifteen hundred 
established. He taught constantly for some pupils! He has spent large sums in fur- 
time, traveling over nearly every southern | nishing his school with every convenience 


One of the pleasing and distinguishmg 
features of "A Series of Lessons in 
Plain Writing," to the advertisement of 
which we would call especial attention, is 
the surprisingly low figure at which the 
work is sold. We can honestly assure 
our younger readers that as a guide to 
successful self-teaching, it is well worth 
five times the amount asked for it. In 
thus placing a standard and unexcelled 
work within the reach of everyone, the 
publishers and authors. Professors Putman 
and Kinsley, have shown an aggressive 
spirit which is, in the highest sense, com- 
mendable. They rely on the merits of 
the work for returns, and if this genera- 
tion has not grown entirely unapprecia- 
tlve, we feel sure that the immense out- 
of money and labor which these 
gentlemen have made in order to perfect 
and bring before the public their " Les- 
sons," will yield them, ultimately, ample 

Packard's Commercial Arithmetic, an 
advertisement of which may be found in 
this issue, is the /a/<s/, and we feel no 
hesitation in saying that it is the /vj/ work 
of its kind now in the catalogue of treat- 
ises upon practical compulation. The 
author is not quite a stranger to 
College people, so we deem it 
sary to enter upon a recital of h 
cations for producing just the s( 
arithmetic which the people of t 
mand. It contains lucid presentations 
of all the late improvements in short 
methods, and to all who have any use for 
an arithmetic — which, of course, will in- 
clude a number of persons — this book 
will prove a thing of value and a text-book 
forever. N. B. — We have never exam- 
ined a copy of the above work. 

Creek. Pa. He w 

State, instructing classes in Universities, 

Colleges, Private Schools, Cities and towns. 

In 'S^ he accepted a position in the U. S. 

Custom-House at Newport News, Va., at 

a salary of $3.00 per day. This situation 

he held with great success until the office quarters 

was discontinued. At the same time he merged 

and facility which refined taste could sug- 
gest; and in his classes are found young 
men and ladies from many of the best 
families of that proud southern city. 
Having secured more commodious 
ained assistance, he has 
hool into a regularly 

kept up his 


odd ho 

nd I equipped Bu 

i College. It 

uld be 

s qualifi- 
irt of an 
)-day de- 

The September number of the popular 
IVes/erri Penman, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
is fully up 10 the high artistic standard for 
which it is noted. It contains a lengthy 
review of our paper, written before the 
editor had seen a copy. Feeling ttial, in 
a measure, it was unjust, we comment 
upon it in this issue. Let it be under- 
stood, however, that the two papers are on 
perfectly fiiendly term?. 


ZEbe pen^Hrt Ibeialb 

[ incli. I month, 

lo, Sixly-five cents each. 

as. Sixty cents each. 

50, Rates made known < 

dent or teacher— ir 
live School in the land, ' 
and lo solicit subscriplio 

Office of Publication. 562 I'E 

Cleveland, Ohio. 


t Cleveland, Ohic 

In our autumn-lime of the ages, indi- 
viduals have arrived at that state of in- 
credulity which demands a reason for 
everything. A more critical and a more 

questioning spirit has ■ 

taken possession of the 
masses. A more uni- 
versal understanding of 
the application of scien- 
tific truths to the com- 
mon matters of life has 
resulted in elTective 
dcaih-blows to super- 
stition. Under the burn- 
ing light of scientific re- 
search, the veiled mys- 
teries of magicians and 
sorcerers are yielding 
their secrets. Mankind 
are coming to the belief 
that all incomprehensi- 
ble phenomena are 
wrought through a dex- 

material causes. All of 
the awe-inspiring per- 
formances of jugglers, 
the hidden workings of 
supposed fairies, and 
the improbable tradi- 
tions that have followed 
the human race down 
the stream of generations, are bi 
and destroyed in the caldi 
possession of a marvelous degree of skill 
in any line of art is no longer regarded 
as an unexplainableand darkly mysterious 
attainment. The trained and cultured 
artist penman is now looked upon as a 
material result of certain material causes. 
A careful compliance with the fixed 
conditions which science imposes is the 
only secret of ski7i in executio/i. The 
ability to assist others in exercising the 
same causes, in an intelligent manner, is 
the chief secret of suecessfnl teathing. 

The results of this advance step cannot 
fail to be of very great value lo those who 
are seeking more light. The professionals 
who are in favor of a reform in styles of 
letters, by this means have an opportu- 
nity to give their ideas a full and free ex- 
pression. It is an esseniially American 
notion, from the fact that it constitutes a 
sort of ballot box, through which the 
teachers may have a chance to indicate 
their preferences, so far as the matter of 
forms of letters is concerned. Although 
we are not warranted in saying it, we sup- 
pose that the Professor intends that the 
results of ihis investigation shall have an 
influence in the future revisions and mod- 
ifications of the "Spencer I AN, "and should 
such be the case, he will do more to ini- 
tiate that system into public and profes- 
sional favor than has ever yet been done. 

The teacher, on account of mingling so 
little in the hurry and bustle of the outside 
world, is too apt to relax into a state of 
inertness, and to lose that zest and celer- 
ity which characterize the successful men 
in the various lines of commercial activ- 
ity. The influences of his life are not of 

arly his own, and by telling of it to a 
brother, he not only comes to a clearer 
understanding of it himself, but assists an- 
other in attaining to a more gratifying 
plane of success as an instructor. 

Often, when attempting to express, in 
an intelligent style, our opinions and con- 
' elusions upon a subject which it is difl^- 
cult to fathom, or when linking our ideas 
together for the inspection and criticism 
of those of our brothers, in the profession, 
who are older and in every particular our 
superiors, we experience that sort of 
timidity which comes of a consciousness 
of delving in matters beyond our full and 
complete comprehension. After some of 
our efforts to produce creditable article? 
on the subjects which have a bearing on 
the work of the writing teacher, we can- 
not dismiss the thought that in all proba- 
bility we have rendered ourself ridiculous 
through trying to subdue and naturalize 
thoughts that have eluded the author's 
grasp through all time. 

the embryo scribe should sacrifice, all of 
his opportunities for menial development 
on the common altar of an insatiable art 
craze. The pursuit of other studies is apt 
to become distasteful. Nothing seems to 
possess attractions but penmanship. And 
while the artistic instinct, in spite of the 
attempts of practical minded parents to 
suppress it, is growing and expanding, the 
qualities which lend to the character that 
charm which is imparted only through the 
full development of the intellectual at- 
tributes, are perverted and rendered in- 
active from utter neglect and disregard of 
those conditions upon which their enlarge- 
ment depends. 

Selfishly devoting all effort and strength 
to the pursuit of fame and perfection in 
his specialty, he drifts along in the swiftly 
moving current of years, seemingly uncon- 
scious of the fact that the rose-bud of life 
is fast unfolding its colors to the gaze of 
an ungracious world, and that the de- 
formed and withered leaves of this char- 
acter-flower must soon undergo that 
embarrassing exposure which follows in 
ke of maturity and physical man- 

hood. And s 

i ohginaUy exeeuled by Prop, U. McKek. the fa 

The Oberlin College Department of PenmanAip, 

and was flourished in tnie 


Professor Henry C. Spencer, Principal 
of the Washington Business College, has 
lately given the profession another proof 
of his progressiveness by obtaining an 
expression of the opinions of one hundred 
of the leading teachers of penmanship, 
regarding the best forms of small and 
capital letters, figures and characters, 
judged from a practical standpoint — the 
forms selected from a sheet coniaining a 
great variety of the styles in conmion use, 
prepared by himself. 

such a nature as lo inspire a quick per- 
ception of all possibilities for improving 
methods or of keeping up with the times. 
It seems to us that a Business College 
teacher, especially, should never allow 
himself to grow listless. There is 
always some improvement being made 
in ways of doing business and of keeping 
accounts, and it is his duty to keep posted 
on these matters, in order that those un- 
der his charge may not be compelled to 
spend valuable time in mastering things 
that have been discarded by the business 
world, and for which they will never have 
any use outside of the class room. 

Those teachers of penmanship who are 
animated with a desire to excel in their 
profession should correspond with each 
other at regular intervals, cultivate a 
fraternal interest in each other's work, and 
compare methods and ideas. By this 
means, those who do not desire to appear 
in ihe publicity of print can still have a 
channel for the expression of opinions, 
I and only mutual benefit can possibly re- 
Isult. There is not a teacher in our ranks 
who has not some method which is peculi- 

But whei 
lent, advic 

iting a word of encourage- 
• friendly greeting to those 
who are on our own side of life, and who 
are living on that invisible border land 
which separates youth and manhood, we 
lose all unnatural restraint, and allow our 
thoughts to pour out in unchecked waves. 
When conversing with the "boys," we feel 
more certain of the effect which our words 
may produce. We are then in the pres- 
ence of kindred sentiments, sympaUaiafri 
and emotions. 

We have something lo say to the youth- 
ful aspirant in this editorial, however, 
which is of far greater importance than 
mere idle speculations of this nature. 
From actual experience we have arrived 
at a full appreciation and understanding 
of the difficulties and hindrances wHich 
fill the advance pathway of the average 
boy who attempts to break the crust of 
habit in his family relations and to attain 
to eminence in the profession of penman- 
ship. We realize, too, the danger of rash 
acting, on the part of the youth who is 
ambitious, when he is restrained and held 
back by the parental authorities. It is 
quiie natural, nnder such conditions, that 

hen the epoch of exist- 
ence is passed, in which 
we are all given time 
for symmetrical training 
of the powers which 
lend to manhood its 
beauty and lu character 
its divinity, the youth 
who has methodically 
suppressed the growth 
of his mental faculties 
comes out of the con- 
test with a dwarfed na- 
ture, and with a very 
flimsy tinge of intellect- 
ual culture. A detest- 
able quality of egoffsm, 
a selfish, narrow nature, 
a general illiteracy and 
a lack of a full realiza- 
tion of the meaning of 
business ethics or moral- 
ity, compose the natural 
fruits of this plan of 

To our younger breth- 
ren we wish to say, with 
ten-fold more emphasis 
~. than the printer can 

indicate — do not neglect your opportu- 
niiies for educational development! Your 
future standing, professionally and so- 
cially, depends on your early training. 
Though you may possess the combined 
skill of a dozen such masters as Flickin- 
ger and Madarasz, as far as execution of 
beautiful writing is concerned, that cannot 
atone for a lack of culture. The greatest 
imaginable perfection in penmanship is of 
■trttie use te-ene who is glaringty-^gnorant. 
We know that this is hard doctrine for 
the youth to accept, when his every heart- 
throb is in unison with the music of chir- 
ographic beauty. It has the form of a. 
cold philosophy, and we are apt to accuse 
its advocate of possessing no art soul. It 
is pleasant to indulge our day-dreams, 
and we do not thank the cynical philoso- 
pher who rudely awakens us, and who 

strips our dr 

am structures of their dra- 

pery, wilh as 

little concern as though it 

were an ordi 

Tary matter. But the light 

must come ir 

time, and a great deal of 

vexation and 

annoyance may be spared 

us // we take 

some things for granted. A 

few years sin 

ce, we would have scorned 

such theories 

now we accept I hem with a 

nrnf^ phkt-art piEiRAni!). 


Boys, let us seek the hidden beaui 
of a broader development than the art of 
penmanship will, a/onr, furnish. We are 
just ascending the stage of action ; let us 
do our work with such adeptness that the 
charge of superficial mental attainments 
may never reach our ears! J^roM this 
moment, let us, unitedly, bid a final fare- 
well to ignorance and narroivness, and 
iegin, in energetic earnestness, the life of a 
more exalted intelligence} 

been indeed wonderful in these latter d 
days and don't forget that the dissemina- ! all well en( 
tion of knowledge in our art through its all well e 
most potent influence— the press — has ^ something 
|)laced its most ardent admirers upon the are they thi 
ifui vive, watching every issue of our noble ) It is all 
representations, and ever ready to grasp 
every thread of gold each garment con- 

What is your calibre ? 

What is your strength ? 

What do you know ? 

Compare, young man, compare! Your 
record may be good to the unlettered, but 
outside the smoke of your own chimney 
your calibre would be as nothing. 

It is a simple admission that everybody 
cannot be better than everybody else. 
Some one must be in the lead and it 
ought to be consolation enough for the 
youth and beauty of our land to be con- 
tent to fill the higher positions when their 

To i^matenf^. 



A REASON for everything, a cause for an 
effect and that effect to be reasoned to its 
cause, is a reasonably reasonable conclu- 
sion in determining ; 

a rightful opinion in 
any scientific investi- 
gation. The art of 
writing is nothing if 
not scientific. 

To deal with it 
otherwise is to place 
upon it a lower esti- 
mate than should be 
tolerated by those 
who profess to cham- 
pion the cause they 
love and espouse. 
All legitimate discus- 
sions are to be court- 
ed, and if the present 
opportunity is not 
seized it will clearly 
demonstrate a weak- 
ness with which our 
profession is charged. 
Show your colors 
and stand by them ; 
if you are deserving, 
credit will be given 
you. By comparison 
are we enabled to 
know anything. For 
this reason we should 
" Herald" every pen- 
man's paper from the 
house top, with all 
the eclat becoming 
both artisan and art- 
ist, because it is 
through these wide 
channels we are ena- 
bled to compare, to j 

contrast, to Judge, to reason, with present occupants will have served their 
the light becoming this day, from a I apprenticeship. 

cause to its effect and from the eficct back I Youthful aspirations and youthful im- 
to its cause. I must have a reason, and aginations are in the order of nature and 
to attempt to lead others upon a different | nature's laws, but it requires age and ex- 
hypothesis is too presumptuous for com- 1 perience to develop judgment, to develop 
menl. To assume that our art is snperfi-\zb'\\\\y, to develop a recognized power 

cognizant and perceptible to 

Confidence in one's self is 
igh. Earnest, honest effort is 
Dugh ; but results that mean 
re not the sport of a day nor 
result of superficial treatment. 
It is all well enough to attribute supe- 
rior ability in every direction to the in- 
crease of years and experience, but the 
same will not come to you without the 
assistance of science. Superficial treat- 
ment and visionary conclusions bring 
their reward, and if you desire to strengthen 
the cause and be strengthened by it you 
must dig do7i>n, down, DOWN, or you will 
be a self-constituted parasite. 

Building yourself up by pulling some 
one else down is not a law of progress, is 
not a principle that will stand severe ten- 
sion. Think for yourself and try to un- 
derstand the thoughts and expressions of 
others. A willingness to accept a plausi- 
ble theory is evidence of progress. 

that the abo' 

cial, to lower it one jot or tittle by a proc 
lamation unbecoming a true and worthy 
knight isadefense, which, if set up, will not 
stand, because its author must fall by rea- 
son oi comparative calibre. 

It is wisdom not to raze your house 
until you can build a better. Until your 
dear littte hand can produce something 
above and beyond the thing under con- 
sideration don't be guilty of finding; fault, 
of adding suggestions, of attempting to 
offer a criticism that your youthful mind 
never cherished. 

Compare your calibre and make due 
allowance in all your estimates. Remem- 
ber that the advance in civilization has 

the naked eye, 

If your calibre is not equal to some one 
else and you can find no reason for it, 
perhaps some one else, more liberal- 
minded, could suggest an idea of value. 
If cau\e and effect are not prominent in 
your composition they might be cultivated 
by a perusal of the various penmen's 
papers. A dislike for literature is a stamp 
of ignorance. He who does not read the 
penmen's papers with a feeling of satis- 
faction and a wilhngness to profit by 
their timely suggestions is a bigot with 
enough over-weening confidence to di- 
minish his calibre to the smallest possible 

Your calibre will be increased by com- 
parison. Avail yourself of all possible 
means, and if you are what you should 
be, a firm, steady and healthy growth will 
be yours throughout all time. 

Since our last issue a number of our 
subscribers and friends have expressed 
their admiration for the lesson which was 
given in that number by the talented 
teacher, Professor C. N. Crandle of 
Dixon, Illinois. We shall endeavor to 
induce the gentleman to continue his ar- 
ticles in future numbers. For many 
years, Professor Crandle has occupied 
a prominent place among progressive in- 
structors ,in pen-art, and we feel compli- 
mented by the substantial interest he has 
taken in our new venture — confident, as 
we are, that we can do our constituents 
no greater service than that of securing a 
continuance of his valuable articles. 

E. J. Kneitl of Stratford, Ontario, was 
our first Canadian subscriber. He dis- 
poses of ink in a picturesque manner. 

J. P. Medsgar of Jacob's Creek, Penn- 
sylvania, is a firm friend to educational 
papers, writes a firm style of penmanship, 
and is a thoroughly firm sort of a man, 
generally speaking. 

The popular young penman, Professor 
F. S. Heath, formerly of Epsom, New 
Hampshire, has united with the Shaw 
Commercial College, Portland, Maine. 
He is eminently fitted to discharge the 
duties of the position, and we have no 
other expectations than to hear of his 
bright success. 

C. E. Simpson, Saco, Maine, writes a 
style that many a professional might well 
covet. His work possesses that peculiar 
ease and freshness which comes of a 
trained muscular 
movement. He in- 
forms us that he is 
taking lessons by 
mail from Williams, 
and that for much of 
his skill he is in- 
debted to that gen- 

\V. I. Todd, Wal. 
lingford, Connecticut, 
has convinced us of 
the fact that he is a 
splendid business 
penman through 
some neat and rap- 
idly written letters, 
lately dispatched by 
him in search of our 

The most superbly 
executed specimen of 
letter writing we 
have received for 
many a day comes 
from Professor H.W. 
Shaylor, Portland, 
Maine, who is well 
known as one of the 
most skillful pen- 
artists in America. 

Professor D. B. 
Hanson, Columbus, 
Ohio, whose card ad- 
vertisement appears 
in this issue, is not 
only a superior pen- 
man, but an agree* 
able and accom- 
plished gentleman. Those of our readers 
who appreciate original and tastefully de- 
signed combinations, and who expect per- 
fectly fair and honest treatment, should 
not fail to patronize Mr. Hanson. 

B. P. Pickens, Mooresville, Tennessee, 
is teaching classes in penmanship with 
good success in his native community. 
He is improving rapidly in all branches of 
the art, and with his invincible determina- 
tion is bound to become noted in his 
adopted calling. 

One of our former pupils at the Du- 
buque, Iowa, Business College, F. C. 
Dobler, who is now taking a course in 
penmanship of Professor C. N. Crandle, 
writes us a neat and attractive letter. 

Professor M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ken- 
tucky, is now acknowledged by all to 
stand right up near the head m our class of 
pen-artists. His letters are always full of 
literary beauty, and are faultless in a chiro- 
graphic sense. 


In tihe ^chool I^oom. 


All occupations demand good writers. 
All business requires good writers. Re- 
cently a man stepped into this office 
and inquired for a boy. 

"What kind of a boy do you want ?" 

"A good, smart boy to work in the 
store. Kind of an errand boy, and to 
help the delivery men. And I want a 
good, easy writer." 

"Why should a boy have to write well 
who is to simply handle boxes?" 

" Well I may want him to make out a 
bill occasionally, and I want a good 
writer; I am done with these Horace 
Greeley fellows." 

And so it goes. We have calls every 
week for bookkeepers, clerks, amanuenses 
and stenographers, and every time, they 
want good writers. 

takes you aweek or a raonth. Write at least 
six neat, clean pages of every copy before 
taking up another ; no matter if you have 
a thousand copies or ail the movement 
exercises in existence— you will make 
more rfa/ /'rogrt-ss, toward a smooth hand 
writing, by five hours good page work on 
one copy, than by five days work on a 
hundred difi"t;rent co|)ies. 

A man requested his son to hoe a hill 
of sweet corn that stood in the end of the 
garden. The boy spent fifteen minutes 
hacking the top ciust of earth, for a 
foot on each side of the corn, and as a 
matter of course did the corn no good. 
The father, observing this lack of move- 
ment on the part of the boy and no pros- 
pect of any improvement in movement on 
the part of the corn, instructed the young- 
ster to dig deeper and loosen all the dirt 
around the root of the corn. Who could 
not tell the result ? 

Miscellaneous practice is hoeing around 
the top ; page writing is hoeing detp. 

Pages of one copy produce study ; 
practice on one thing produces skill. 


The latest sensation in catalogues has 
been caused by the progressive proprietors 
of the Rochester Business University 
issuing an elegantly bound book, setting 
forth in an unmistakable way the facilities 
which their Institution possesses in the 
way of imparting a broad and comprehen- 
sive business education. It is perfect in 
workmanship, and is woithy a place in the 
library of every teacher. 

Principal Peirce of Philadelphia has 
issued his annual pamphlet containing the 
proceedings of his last commencement. 
The addresses it contains are very valuable 
acquisitions to the educational literature of 
the day. 

The Iowa Business College of Des 
Moines is said to be full of hard-working 
students. This school has always had a 
reputation that is enviable, and is con- 
stantly growing in popularity. 

Among the many honest andhardwork- 
ing Business College men whose efforts are 
being devoted to the advancement of the 

Mr. H. P. Behrcnsmeyer of "The Gem 
City Business College," Quincy, Illinois, 
who was ably aided in preparing it by that 
refined and cultured penman, artist, 
scholar and gentleman, Professor Fielding 
Schofield. It has been reduced in the 
engraving about one-half, consequently, 
the fine eflfects of the original could not 
be retained. 


The genial J. M. Hawkes, Manager of th 
Editorial and Art Departments of the 
tensive publishing house of A. S. Barnei 
& Co., New York, favors us with a find 
bound set of their National System 
Copy-Books. It seems to us that for 
purpose they are to $erve, an improvemea 
would be hard to suggest. Author, 
graver and Printer have exercised equa 
taste and care in the preparation of thi 
strries. Possessing all the merit which 
would seem possible to embody in copy 
books, and having wide-awake pubtishei 

Capital Letter Movement Exer 

/S¥?/? ms 

J/J/^ cM? 

Written liif flJKlnslaf 
CopijngAt IMbi^Pulmani/dnslo) 

How to become a good business writer 
is the leading question with thousands of 
young men and ladies, who are preparing 
to enter the great fields of commercial 

I have, for years, been teaching, with 
flattering success, what I call " Page 
Writing." I think that there is no method 
that will produce as good results in so 
short a time. 

Those practicing from the lessons given 
in the Her.ald can add much to their 
progress by following these directions : 

In learning to write, practice just as you 
study — to obtain desired results. Write 
pages of every copy, with the same care 
that you would use if the County Super- 
intendent was going to criticise them. 

Home students, who are learning to 
write from the Compendiums and Pen- 
man's Papers, are always too anxious to 
change copies every few minutes. I was 
once a home student and know all the 
drawbacks ; and I ttmno that this miscel- 
laneous practice leads to scribbling. 

Work at one thing until you get it, if it 

Write pages, boys, neat, clean pages, and 
with the muscular movement. I mean 
pure muscular moveraenl. Peirce and I 
wanted to call it " Arm Rest Movement " 
last winter, and they wouldn't let us. but 
you use it — unadulterated — just the same, 
and never allow yourself to fall into the 
habit of scribbling. 

Subscribe for the Herald and send for 
Putman & Kinsley's "Series of Lessons," 
and write pages and your chances are 
good for a No. t handwriting. 

Are you a subscriber to all of the pen- 
man's papers ? They cost but a trifle, and 
will be of incalculable benefit to you. 
They're all good. Don't slight one, but 
take them all. 


Professor S. J. Prigden has joined tte 
staff of Moore's Business University, At 
lanta, Georgia. He is one of the leading 
lights of the south, and is deserving o| 
that eminent degree of success which wi 
hope he will attain. 

the we 

worthy of mention than Prof C. Bayless 
of Dubuque, Iowa. We are glad to learn 
that his school is enjoying a good degree 
of prosper itv. 

The Iowa Commercial College, Daven- 
port, Iowa, is blest with two animated Prin- 
cipals. It issues a handsome catalogue. 

At Little Rock,Aik ,is a Business School 
of no mean repute. Such penmen as 
Hahn and Harkins have taught within its 
walls, and it now employs Prof. Chattier. 
The New Jersey Business College, 
Newark, N. J., has at its head an accom- 
plished Business Educator, in the person 
of Prof. C. T. Miller. Its catalogue is one 
of the most attractive on our table. 


We feel confident that every friend of 
the Herald will unite with us in pro- 
nouncing the new heading d, beautv ! It 
is certainly an elegant specimen of pen 
work, both in design and execution, and 
reflects great credit upon the young artist. 

to back them, we do not discover an] 
reason why they should not eventually su 
persede all trashy productions in this line 

Prof D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J., 
author of an unique work on penmanshi( 
It is known as his " Model Guide," an 
is no less than its name would signify 
It should be possessed by every student 
writing in the country. Containing niucl 
sensible instruction, numerous carefullj 
prepared copies, and some very fine pieces 
of pen-work, it will constitute a perpetual 
source of inspiration to the struggling stu 

" Kibbe's Alphabets "are the most valua 
ble helps in the lineof pen-lel tcring that have 
ever appeared. The sets are or iginal and the 
very cream of excellence. Definite and 
plain instructions are given on the back of 

h plate. The reputation of the author 
for producing this line of work renders it 
iperfluous for us to say more in their favor 
than that they are his greatest efforts. 

An excellent article from the popular 
anonymous writer, known as "Cayce Pen," 
arrived too late for this issue. 



all branches of pen-v 
r personally or by mail, and mak< 
a specially o( plain and 

^11 a 



^rSend for Circulars. „^ 

Penmen's Supplies 

I of pi.ce. 
Two cent stamps taken. 

eipl of puce, cvcepi i; 

Gri.LOTTS 604, tlie very nnest and best pen made 
for Wilting and Flourishing, ^ gross 25c. i gross 
85c. 2 gross $1.50. GiLl-OTTS 303, for Letterinir. 
Drawing and slow Wriling. K eross 350, i gross 
51.30. Gillott's 390, for the finest Drawing and 
Leiiering. i doi. 500, ^ gross Ji. 50. Soennecken's 
I, 2, 2%. 3, 3Ji and 4, broad points for rapid Text 
I^neringi I is the largest; assorted lo order.;(K 
gross 35c, I gross $1.30. Soennecken's 10. 20 and 
30. double points for open Text Lettering; 10 is the 
largest; assorted to order; i doz. 45c, K gross$i.25, 
Unrl'LLD Letter Paper, for flourishing ; 3Ji lbs. 
Bristol Boards, for Engrossing, size 22.V 

$1.60 per 1000. Tracing Paper, 11x14 in.. 4 sheets 
150; 12, 50c. PANTor.KArH, for reducing or en- 
larging designs. $i- Scrolling Outfit, for laying 
out curved hues of leiienng. outlining scrolls, etc . 
40c. T-square, with adjustable head, $t. 10, Rul- 
ing Pen, for use with the T-square, 50c. Divideks. 
with pen and pencil points, for making circles, $r. 
PtNHuLUERS, straight, i doz. 25c. BEST Japan 
Ink per pint, by express, 60c, Best India Ink. 
large stick, $1. Ink Tbav. with cover, 65c. Parch- 
ment. i6.'(22 in., 6sc. 

^"h. W. KIBBE. 

7 HoBART Street, 

A "WO'UM^ 

t0tl JVlP(f%f 

Quincy. Ill,, and teaches in the Gein 
. College. His portrait appeared in 

for 2 

5c whic 

h will 

make you 


1 pack of cards a^ 


can ge 

both flourish 

ig and cards ; 

e ordered, he will 

e of his model letters 

n a style that will 


ew songs 


is honest and rc- 

liable, and ■ 

be satisfied 1 

ntil he has given 



er sa 


satisfaction. He don'i 



ih am 


of his work- 

«a-He wi 


urther p,. 

ari on application. 


PENMANSHIP. The only penmanship paper 
published in the South. Contains numerous 
contributions from the best penmen in the 
country, with many elegant specimens. The 
September number contains a long writing les- 
son by Chandler H. Pierce with twenty-five 
copies. A cabinetsize engraving of "ye" editor 
is given on first page and a tine article by Prof. 
H. Russell The paper contains sixteen pages 
and cover. Subscription price is 2ac. a year; in 
clubs of ^ or more. 20c. a year. A copy for 
inspection will be sent free. Address, 





Claims that "Muscular Moveratnt" is not 11 
fitting name for a method of writing which I 
want to leach to you. This "what is it" move- 
ment is what you need to write well. ^ow. 
look ! I will give you a lesson in itr— copy fresh 

list will be sent with first goods orderedT 


Care of Shaw, s Com'l College, PORTLAND, 

Every reader of the Pen-Art Herald who sends 
me 25c. will gel several copy-slips, fresh from my 
pen, lor self-instruction in lettering and plain writing. 
If, at the same lime, another quarter is enclosed, a 
dozen cards with your ft.tme, written in my best 
style, will be sent. T. NELSON. Teacher of Pen- 
manship, Ohio Business University. Cleveland, O, 

G. I Grandle, Penman and Artist, 


®30-00 Ol^TXL'^T'^^^.T"^'^:^ Penmanship 

'*'^^^'*^"^'*^^^ ^bW^^i ^b^ ■«■ Business Wriline. Ftourishinp. Ca 

board Writing. Line and Stipple Shading. Pen D 

signing, Border Work. Landscapes, Comic Pen ; 

reproduction by the Phoio-Engr.iving Process, or 10 be engraved on wood. 


FREE! '^::!:::^: i'^::^:^.s::^:i:::;:\ t!;:::-^:z:..:^i 

Board $t.40. $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week. 

including Rapid 
i Writing. Black- 
, Engrossing. De- 

\'... .[ Mils,., l.,i,.T Writing, Orchestral and Band 

■ti.iif. h-'liiiii:-, 1 ilnMry iind Teachers' Training. 

Furnished Room 30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week. 

— :) A:R:T:I:S:T:I:C S:P:E:C:I:M:E:N:S (:— 
The following named designs are decidedly original and all worked in India ink. ORnEB hv Ni 

ful Parlor Design. Pen Drawing of 
ng — HOOK i-orm i.oo uros "' *"' " " ' -- - - - 

Flourished Fish with Border, 18x2a. 
Double Swan and Border, 18x22— G 
Varielv Specimen. 22x28 — Elegant ! 


Giraffe and l.,andscape, : 
Two White Deer. 22x28 

, Set of Capitals, Bird Flourish; and Plain 

Wriiing in Form of Letter 

. Twenty-five Cards written in as many 

Address C. N. CRANDLE. Penman. DIXON, ILL, 



>/U-^ f-r' /i:4 .-yi U'X.J'i.c.i 

' ^An^CyLd^^ 

j^'i^'i^n-^t^ ^yU'n^i.U-t/ 




This institution furnishes unequaled facilities for learning penmanship and the a 
It has in its faculty five experieticed penmen, one of whom devotes his time to teachin 
ornamental work. The others make a specialty of Business Penmanship. Ornamen 
Penmanship are considered and treated as entirely separate accomplishments. One j 
other as an indispensable part of a business education. Our facilities for imparling a ■ 
education arc fully up with the limes and we invite a thorough investigation of thesami 
CATON, GORSLINE & DUNCAN. 562 Pearl Street. Cleveland, O. 

Our Premium Offers. 

THE PEN ART HERALD is now firmly and 
permanently established, and we have reason to be- 
lieve that il will be found fully worth ihe subscrip- 
tion price ; yet we intend 10 grow rich and liberal 
simultaneously. In order thai in/rry />e/w« who re- 
(tivti ihii numbet may he induced to subsrribt at 
on<e. we make the following premium offers : 

To all whosubscribe withina few days from the 
time of receiving a sample copy, sending us seventv- 
five cents, postal note, or one cent stamps, we will 
send, post-paid, as a token of our good will, a set of 
BE IS. a review of which will be found on another 

subscription, accompa- 
or postal note of (hat 
-it Jlriest work on prar- 

nied with a ( 
tical writing 

SONS IN PLAIN WRlfiNG,""publTs'h 
Putman & Kinsley. A full descripl 

the work will be found in t 

r advertisement in thin 
c make these offers for 



Prof. H. W. Kibbe, of Utica, N. Y., has long 
been considered one of the very finest pen artisU 
in the country. His work is original, and i« 



c beauty. 

The publishers of the Western Peniri'i 
lighted to be able to announce that during' the 
coniing year Prof. Kibbe will present to the 
readers of that paper through its columns a 
systematic cour&e in all branches of penman- 
ship. AlloftheiUustralionswiil be photo-en- 
graved direct from Prof. Kibbe's pen-work and 
no old cuts will be used. The cost of the Pen- 
man compared with the value of this course of 
lessons, will be as a drop in the ocean to one 
who has an iota of chirographic blood in i'i« 
veins. The following le 
to the editor of th€ "' 
the matter further: 

The J I,. /,'^«/'^«w,f/; hay been published nearly 
tour years without running against breakers; 
It la now a twenty page pi.per. is published 
every month, during the last two weeks of the 

been (he foremost chf 

npion of the 1 

1 column in which 

iubscribers sent in for that pur- 
tnt penmen 

„..„ f..,ing les- 

--S branches of pen-work in its 

and these gentlemer will continue 

w I' have told you something about the 
w.'«, whatit is. and whatit willbe. 
'I ilinik you would like to read i» "* 
It will be mailed to your 

-« P 
vith 1 

n of 50c. 

. .„, ... .vill send you' one c'opv PREeT 

\i' v^jiit to bear from you. Addres's, 



.' Art Journal. 'Address, 


iting, flourishing or letter-writing 

regarded as being fully 
srWrite to him. 

Specimens of Flourishing, 

Which are conceded to he as fine as the finest 
wilt be sent on receipt of 1 
Flourishing by mail, .W ( 
twelve lessons. Address. 


! each, or |S for 



C. B. JO£tSS' 

i^Dtomaliic pBnnjan^jJP- 

This ia no experiment. Success is certain to 

every one takinglessons who is wiiling towork. 

No Btudent has failed }-et, and I have had 

; Penmanship by 

The course is systematically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must be varied 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 

This is one of the most 
work and is within the r . . _ 
tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautifol work after s: 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

V2 Lessons $3 

24 Lessons 5 00 

Alphabets, each 15 


[ew Work. New Plan. Admirably Arranged. Elegantly En- 
graved. Finest of HeaVy Paper. Best of Printing. 
Half the Usual Price. 


The copies aic elegantly engraved oil copper, printed from stone on the tinesl kind of vi*ry heavv 
plate paper. All copies new ; no rehash. There are two parts : 
slips. These slips are not bound and are all devoted to plain writing, 
giving fifty-five differeni 

rs are given in the order in which ihey should be taught. 

A great variety of words, introducing nothing hut sma'l letters. The hi 

given. Following the letter given for practice, ci 

short word introducing the capital, fol- 

ire prominent lealu 

) accompany the slips. This is the Q 

ith a work of this kind. 
It contains chapters on "Materials," "Position" (giving 
' General Inrormation." There are twenty lessons mapped c 

'Us), "Form," ."Movement," and 

Another Scribe on the List. 

He will send 

of capitals, or a _^ 

each— all Car a quarter. He desin 

all "the boys," and promises to send them somt 

thing fine. Write at once. 

Sfej Pearl st., Cleveland, O. 
Mr. Kretchmer is an excellent penman in a 
branchesof Ihean. and his work is bound to civ 
good satisfacltaa. W. D. Showalter 

, Editor Pen-Art Herald. 

I Cirt 

penmanship papers a 

and substantial c 

I find below a 

e of them, Watch the different 

Pbokf,ssor A. N. PAr.MEK, Editor "Western Penman" :— 1 have examined "A Series of Lessons 
Plain Writing," by Messrs. Putman & Kinsley, and am well pleased with the work. The slips of 
worth the entire price of the work. The engraving on the copies ' 

, President Business College, Richmond, Va.:— I an 
our copies as well as with the instructions. 

' " -..-.. ■, Mfi,:— Your slips a 

nuch pleased 

S assorted powders for making JDk fof 

12 Ornamented designs ^ ^ 

Cards, per doz 30 



ry finest Automatic pen 
The Wtitern Prnmau. 

e Of the V 

The art of lettering with an 
has been reduced to a fine poin 
Principal of the Business Depart 

dents, which u 

—1 have given it a careful examination, and will say, in my estimation, il is designed I 

long-felt want in the Public School*, where, 1 trust, you will find sale for them by car loads. 

Professor W. G. Christie, Penman, Christie's Business College, Lock Haven, Pa.:— Your 
Series of lessons in Plain Writing " is the best of the kind that has come to my notice. 
Agents wanted in every town and school. A liberal discount given. Money can be made selling 
the " Lessons." Collect all other " Compendiums " on writing, send for a copy of the "Lessons" and 
compare. One can be ordered in this manner, and it will prevent defrauding the remaining people who 
want copies. If this work is not belter arranged, has not a better quality of work, printing, paper, etc., 
and does not five more for the money than any similar thing published, we will refund the money and 
pay postage for return, providing that it is returned in good condition. 
Price, FIFTY CENTS. Stamps not taken. - 
Address either of the places named below that is nearer to you, 
P. O. Box i86, Mir 

P. O, Box 787, Shk 

A SET Ol' 


" - , 


/.V//1 /> 

TWO Sins. 

one Business, 
ne Flourished, 


35 cents. 

I would 
be pleased 
to exchange 

vith any in 
he Frater- 

Specimens of automatic pen-letterintireceived 


Commercial Arithmetic 

Thoroughly revised and wholly renewed ; with im- 
portani additions of working material, making the 
most practical and complete text-book on Arithme- 
tic before the public. Printed from new type on the 
finest paper and elegantly bound. Suited to class 
inilruction, and to private studjr. Sent by mail for 
$1.50, Proper reduction 10 schools. 



Adapted to Business College work, and to private 
schools and private pupils. _, 

This Is the clearest, crispest, most thorough and 
least nonsensical work on book-keeping before the 
public. It contains just what is essential toa com- 
prehensive knowledge of the subject, and that in the 
best possible form. The instruction is complete but 
not burdensome. The Correspondence part is pro- 
nounced by teachers to be without an equal for the 
space occupied. 

This book retails 

Address, S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

101 East a3d St., New York, 

1 proper reductic 


XjiTalajr Frison 

Is now at Keokuk, Iowa, 

(.\ cily of inliabilanls.) 
ere he lias been located the past (i6)SI.\TEEN 


responsible and lucra 

Students from a distance are given reduced rates. 

Business course equal to the best. The Ornamen- 
tal Penmanship Course unsurpassed. Normal 
Course for Teachers unequaied. 

Address (with 3 letter stamps), 

Chandler H, Peirce, I'rcs'i. 1 
J . L. Trone. Secy. J Keokuk, Iowa. 


S? Z)/L^/"l.'^^T'r''^ "; "f,=PP°'"tments and departments, and is rapidly increasing in patronage and popularity. The Busi,uss Practice and 
Sess college Ih^.'n "T^l '" ;? "i; ^"'•P^l^^d 'n America, and contain a more complete business training than the entire course of many 
ousmcss colleges that clanii to be among the best. Send for Commercial World to McKee & Henderson, Oberlin, Ohio. 

^ko^ 0-^c/diiA. go^^^ ^'Z^i^ii'i^ ^2^cii>'t^mi2/nt 

tool of Penmarishih. nnH ic \vitlin,,f «v.-«.^f;«„ +i — i — . :_ a .__ t., ... .. ™ 

The specialty of this school is Teachers', Business ll'n'lcrs' 

Is exclusively a School of Pemnamhip, and is without exception the^very best "in America, 
and Pen Artists Training. It also gives thorough drill on the Black Board. 


taohties the best. Teacher writes from 150 to ,75 "ords per minute Send for •• Sicnograpln. UWld." to McKEE & HENDERSON, Ooekl.n, O. 

Yol. I. 


No. 3. 

I would that our system o 
bols — the language we speak 
replete with synonyms. To 

, graph, J 

jr failure to do so will fur- 
possible illustration of the 


iiast on the subject of 

rould delight in using 

pression in every edi- 

But the 

tent 81 

originality, that I 
some unheard-of) 
torial the Hera 
language is too limited. We are com- 
pelled, all of us, to say things which we do 
not design to say. How ? The use of 
threadbare and dusty phraseology renders 
the thought we wish to express, 
cftenlimes, of a too ordinary nature. 'I'he 
reader, being familiar with the words, im- 
agines that the imprisoned thought which 
struggles to escape through them is but the 
repetition of some one else's menial crea- 
tion or the lineal descendant of some his- 
toric literary production. So, when the 

which, because of the second-hand 
of that clothing, must fail to imprt 
reader with its real nature ; 


In the October number of the Western 
Penman, Professor C, S. Chapman of Des 
Moines, Iowa, in commenting upon one 
of our articles in a former number of that 
paper on " Accurate Copies," expresses a 
very pertinent thought, the essence of 
which is, that it is not perfection of form 
that many teachers object to in furnishing 
models or copies to their students, but 
that it all depends on whose idea of perfect 
forms it is desired that they shall adopt. 

Replying, in brief, permit us to add 

from lime to time, as may seem necessary 
or appropriate, to offer a word of criticism, 
of suggestion or of comment, upon the 
existing methods of teaching business 
writing. The conviction is growing upon 
us daily and semi-daily that before another 
decade of years shall have been spent in 
the cause of practical and useful educa- 
tion, those of our tranquil-minded breth- 
ren who are now permitting the anti-utili- 
tarian in practical penmanship to be im- 
parted to their pupils, will so thoroughly 
awaken tc ihe demands of ihe business 
community as to institute a radical reform 
in the writing room, and to regard the 
stereotyped methods, which are too fear- 
fully common in our present system, as the 
undeveloped vagaries of early crudity in 
the work of business education. Pro- 
phetic fingers point to the fact that changes 

to know the cause of all this contention 
and strife between some of our prominent 
workers, just now, about hand engraved 
2.n^ photo engraved writing ; also, the dif- 
ference between an electrotype and an 

To our knowledge there are in this 
country about three highly skilled engravers 
who do work " by hand." Their accurate 
knowledge of beautiful forms and their 
extensive experience, enable them, from 
even a poor copy, to produce elegant 
work, for wliich, in many instances, the 
penman receives the credit. Of course 
the more carefully the original is prepared 
the better will be the results ; but, except- 
ing the general design and style of the 
piece, the plate, when finished, usually 
bears little resemblance to the writer's 
copy. In justice to our pen-artists, how- 


utiful verse of script was originally executed by Prof. H. W. Flickinger, and is 

System of Penmanship," a cut liaving been procured for the Heral: 

represents the house of A. S. Barnes & Co., Ne' 

journalist vainly endeavors to throw new 
coloring on the ideas which mock the 
powers of expression, he usually abandons 
the task with a healihy and distinct con- 
sciousness of having failed to say the very 
thing which he tried hardest lo frame in 
intelligible language. Do you understand 
us? Of course you will agree that if ihe 
foregoing sentences mean anything, you 

that, so long as a standard is used, and 
ideas of perfection which are not wholly 
out of keeping with fundamental and pri- 
mary conceptions of beauty, and which 
are not noticeably emaciated or distorted, 
are embodied in copies, it can make little 
difference as to the location of the brain 
which planned or conceived them. 

fail to d: 
like dumi 
apart froi 
sort of in 
small porti 

it. Good ! They look 
3 usy too, and, considered 


bable and inex- 
omething in our mind which 
IS to write them, they have a 
ine jingle, and bear liltie re- 
to and convey a remarkably 
in of the thought itself. Why ? 
The antiquity of the phrases used explains 
II. We exultantly vowed thai we would 
siiy something, when we began this para- 

Will be sufficient space in which to rap- 
turously remark that our editorial on 
"Business Writing " in the last issue of 
the HER.\Ln has attracted not only un- 
usually wide attention among the toilers 
chirographic, but the argument which we 
earnestly attempted to set forth has been 
enthusiastically endorsed and approved on 
every side. In the full confidence that a 
renovation is necessary, we shall continue 

for the better, in this direction, must be 
made ; that business writing must be taught 
in accordance with the meaning of the 
term ; that our ability lo write under the 
pressure of hurry and rush must be as 
available as our ability to add or subtract 
numbers under like conditions ; and that 
it is the part of wisdom lo diligently seek 
for more light and to eagerly grasp any 
improvement which may be brought forth 
in any quarter or by any authority. 



I have been requested to explain the 
different processes of engraving specimens 
of penmanship. My interrogator wishes 

ever, it must be admitted that it would 
require more than the combined mechan- 
ical skill of Holah, Havens and McLees 
to surpass the work of our most skillful 
penmen. /V/^/t'-engraving consists in 
producing on metal and ready for printing 
an exact photograph of the original pen- 

The wood-engraver photographs his 
copy, usually upon a smooth wooden 
surface, and, by combining hand and 
machine work, produces a "wood cut," 
with any desired changes or correc- 
tions. Before this can be used on a 
printing press — on account of its liability 
to break — it must be electrotyped, which is 
done wholly by machinery. An impres. 
sion is taken in a sort of plastic or semi- 
liquid metal, or wax, which is afterward 
thoroughly hardened and made ready for 



the press, Duplicate copies of a cut can 
be made by this process very cheaply, and 
within a day's notice. 

Portraits, tn be made by a photographic 
process, are first drawn in india ink by a 
special artist. 

*' Do I write well enough to be called-an 
amateur penman ?" The question comes 
from our young friend J. B. GraflT of Riv- 
erton. New Jersey, who has a style of 
writing which, possessed by many, would 
prove a fortune. He writes with great 
ease, and his pages h;ive a neat and pretty 
efTect which few of our penmen can im- 
part to their ordinary writing. Yes, my 
good friend, you are entitled to be ranked, 
not only as an amateur, which indicates 
that penmanstiip is not your profession, 
but upon entering the teaching (leld you 
would at once be classed among the best 
in the list, so far, at least, as the ability to 
: counts in the race. 

the profession supporting the Hf.r- 
i*! it should ? Are you receiving 
iging patronage? Is the Herald 
sure and permanent enterprise ?" 
us of voices propound the above 

so beautifully carried out in this series, we 
must all admit that it is in advance of 
kindred publ 

To THE Editor of the Pen-Art Her- 
ald : 

My Dear Sir : Your late article, '* Ac- 
curate Copies," touches matter on which 
I have meditated. In your new paper 
will you stand strictly by such ideas ? Can 
you afford to do so ? As for myself, I am 
a student rather than a purveyor, and I 
long to see the lime when bold and fear- 
less journals, exponents of the art and de- 
fenders of the science in its purity, will 
tear off the mask of diplomacy and un- 
dauntedly a'isail the ward politicians of 
educational literature who follow in the 
wake of the science, drumming for public 
patronage, and set them down at their 
true value. Give us the best and most 
accurate copies circumstances will admit 
of, a thorough and impartial investigation 
of every phase of the science, and al- 
though you may lose some advertising, 
you will greatly advance the cause for 
which you write. 

To say the least of the matter, the late 

best possible copy and fully explain its 
processes. Yours, 

Cayce Pen. 


To Professor S. E. Bartow, the genial 
and accomplished penman of the Ohio 
Business University, Cle\ eland, for a club 
of twenty five subscribers, taken from 
among the students of that institution. 

To Professor Fielding Schofield, for a 
club of nine subscribers from the Normal 
Penmanship Department of the Gem City 
College, Quincy, III. 

To Professor U. McKee, the most suc- 
cessful teacher of penmanship in the 
United States, for a club of ten, from his 
deservedly popular and always prosperous 
school, at Oberlin. Ohio. 

To Professor J. B. Duryea, Des Moines, 
Iowa, for a club of sixteen, composed of 
his students in the Iowa Business College. 

To Professor C- E. Jones, Tabor, Iowa, 

of the United States and Canada. The| 
work will embrace — first, the names 
dresses and a very short sketch of th^ 
lives of all who are following penmanship| 
as a profession ; second, the name 
addresses of all amateur penmen and stuJ 
dents of the art ; third, a complete cata4 
logue of business colleges. 

No charges are made for inserting^ 
names. If penmen, students and businesi 
college men everywhere will cooperate bv 
giving the desired information, a mosq 
useful work will be the result. 

Let the responses be general, and im-' 
mediate, please. 

Fraternally yours, 

F. S. Hea 

We sincerely trust that every reader of 
the Herald will heartily aid our esteemed 
friend, Mr. Heath, in securing the inform- 
ation necessary for the preparation of such 
a work. We are sure that a publical 
the kind, if comprehensive and complete, 
would prove of great value to every one 
interested in the affairs of our calling; 
and out full confidence in Mr. Heath's 
capability for the work warrants us in 
assuring our constituents that it will be 

ample of originality in Script forms, we are pleased to present the above cluster 
telligence that they are engraved from the pen-and-ink copy of Prof. Chandi.e 

interrogative sentences. Yes ; we receive 
as much support as we could expect, con- 
sidering the prejudice with which we must 
contend. We do not expect to make 
money out of the paper for sometime yet. 
We did not enter the work with that ex- 
pectation. But we shall work away, 
patiently, laying a foundation for future 
results, and we have confidence enough 
in the people to believe that, when we 
convince them that we are thoroughly and 
emphatically in earnest, they will not be 
slow in showing us the degree to which 
they appreciate and value our efforts, in a 
financial sense. 

A correspondent wishes to know 
whether the new and popular compen 
tiium, A Series of Lessons in Plain 
Writing, is equal, in every respect, to the 
higher priced standard works of that char- 
acter. Considering the amount of 
work presented, the style of engraving 
and printing used, and the very thorough, 
available and complete instructions given, 
the Lessons are fully etjual to anything 
published. And in point of adaption to 
the wants of almost every class of learners, 
the systematic and beautiful arrangement 
of the copies, and the theories and ideas 

script alphabet offered us by H. C. Sp 
cer, is something that borders upon the 
sensational. For him to offer such forms 
in lieu of better and more easily executed 
Spencerian, or to propose them at a time 
when more artistic yet simpler and more ac- 
ceptable forms were extant and had never 
been conned by hundreds of students of 
penmanship, was, I dare say, a surprise to 
more than your humble writer. 

Until I have evidence that they do, I 
am inclined to doubt that either Lyman 
P. Spencer or H. W. Fiickinger indorsed 
that alphabet. They occupy, I think, 
more consistent ground, and verily, verily, 
I say unto you, my brethren, that in point 
of executive skill these two modest gen- 
tlemen are the stoutest lances that stand 
the penmen's table 'round. 

Apropos to the foregoing, we have 
Isaacs' war-path letter. What we want is 
not to discourage the engraver, but to ad- 
re penmanship. The artist may be 
both penman and engraver. There is no 
prohibitory measure which prevents a man 
engraving his own snakes. 

Flatter our attainments and we can 
stand by. silent and unmoved; but ridi. 
:uleand belittle us and detract from our 
skill, and you pain us. Again, give us the I 

who never writes us without sending in 
new subscriptions. 

To Professor C. N. Crandle, Dixon, III., 
who has recently favored us with a good 

To Professor C, M. Robinson, La Fay- 
ette, Ind., who sends clubs whenever op- 
portunity offers. 

To Professer G, Bixler, Wooster, 
O., for a club of five, representing his 
students in the American Pen-Art Hall. 

To Mr. Fred A. Vollrath, Bucyrus, O., 
for several extra subscriptions accompany- 
ing his own. 

To W. H. McAlpine, Stamford, N. Y., 
a pupil of Professor B. H. Spencer, the 
Albany penman, for a club of three. 

carefully gotten up and with painstaking 






Shaw's Business College, i 
Portland, Me., Nov. 5, 1887. / 

iiEND Showalter :— I am contem- 
plating getting out a complete directory 
of the professional and n 

Kind Friends: — We have retired from 
journalism ! Why, do you ask? Are we 
"^h enough ? Yes. Did you ever hear of 

editor of a penman's paper retiring on 
less than a million i Imagine our friend 
' Showalter paying us fifty thousand dollars 
I for the good will of our paper; imagine 
, us, rolling in wealth, after a short career 
as a newspaper man ; imagine one million 
readers anxiously awaiting the next issue 
of the Gazette— ^w%\Q\i% to see us expose 
some more of tlie humbuggery and fraud 
practiced in our profession ; yes, kind 
readers, indulge your Byronic imagination 
to its fullest extent, but for Heaven's sake, 
don't imagine that you are swindled ! 
Don't imagine, either, that we yt^xt driven 
from the tield. We leave it of our own 
choosing. We ought to have known that, 
s, other fields were more congenial ; 
that other lines of effort were better suited 



did not 

to Durabilities. We always knew that we 
could not carry a hod of bricks up to the 
eleventh story ; we did not know that we 
could not edit a penman's paper 
aware of both facts now. We could not 
continue to devote the time and labor to 
the Gazette which its welfare 
would require. To do so w 
us to neglect our other busii 
engrossing — to an extent tha 
wish to do. 

Brother Showaher has 
arena to stay. He likes the work, and is 
willing to labor for years, if needs be, for 
mere current expenses, in order to build 
up a permanent periodical. He is am- 
bitious in that line; and devotes his whole 
time to the work. His new paper, the 
Pen-Art Herald is certainly all that 
I sincerely hope that 
n giving him support 


could be desired, 
you will all unite i 
and encouragement 

He pr. 

• ail 

out our subscription list with the Hoald, 
and I am sure that all will be pleased 
with his bright and excellent paper. 

To all who have so liberally patronize( 
our paper ; to those who have so gener 
ously stood by the Gazette and its edito 
in his forcible denunciations of all form: 
of charlatantry — we wish to extend ou 
earnest and cordial thanks. We may 
have made mistakes. We may have been 
too hasty in our conclusions at times. 
And if we have wronged any one, we 
stand ready to offer any apology the occa- 
sion may call for or demand. 

We hope the Herald will become 
the representative journal of its class. We 
offer no advice as to how it could be 
made such, but we do hope to see the 
time when we can Herald it as such! 

Without a grain of malice and with 
comprehensive charily, we are 

Your humble servant, 


Formerly Publisher of The Penman's 
Art Gazette, Chicago. 

Whose handsome portrait and auto- 
graph are here presented, was born at St. 
Albans, Maine, when the nineteenth cen- 
tury was fifty-two years old. 

Like the great majority of our famous 
ink-scatterers, C. M. Robinson early man- 
ifested a taste and liking for good pen- 
manship. His primary educational train- 
ing was received through the district 
schools, after which he pursued and com- 
pleted a full course in the Corinna Union 
Academy. His career as a student was 
itinued by taking a book-keeping 
course under Professor D. H. Sherman, 
id a series of lessons in penmanship 
ider Professor H. C. Kendall, the well- 
l^nown artist-penman of Boston. After 
Imishing his school life in this city, he 
'tcepled a position as teacher of penman- 
^'lip in the public schools of Brunswick, 
Maine. At the end of this year's work 
lie became identified with the city schools 
of Bath, where he taught book-keeping in 
the high school and writing in the grades. 
He was elected for the third year, but re- 
signed to accept a position as teacher of 
drawing and penmanship in the city 
schools of Lawrenceburg, Indiana. 

After two years of very successful work 
in this capacity, he received flattering 
offers from three different cities, and de- 
cided upon Lafayette, Indiana, where, 
for the last six years, he has labored in 

11 o' 

Let a teacher, 
we will write 
slates and pencils, a 
many can make one 

day, say, "Children, 
s to-day. Get your 

I tap the desk 
Tuesday he says, " We ' 
u's today. Write ten 
letter. Work hard, now, i 
problem for John." Whic 
produce the more good? 
methods and lers copies, 

al nicely every time 



hilel solve thit 
■^ method would 
We need more 
Yours fratern 
C. E. Ball. 

We shall be glad to hear from all live 
teachers upon this important theme, and 
shall take pleasure in giving all space that 
may be needed for profitable discussions 
and valuable suggestions. 

the interests of education, having been 
instructor in arithmetic and book-keeping 
in the high school, superintendent of pen- 
manship in the city schools, and for the 
past two years principal of the Union 
Business College. 

This institution, under his efficient 
management, has become one of the lead- 
ing schools for useful training in the west, 
and has, during the past year, enrolled 
two hundred students. 
T. Robinson dismisses his school dur- 
ing vacation months and spends the heated 
term with his family at the beautiful pleas- 
and health resort of St. Joseph, Mich- 
igan, where he owns a summer cottaae^ 
returning early in September to his school 
duties with greatly augmented vigor and 
:5ficiency for the work. 
From his school circulars one is im- 
pressed with the fact that he entertains 
g and spirited views upon the subject 
of practical education. He is a firm 
:ver in simplicity and plainness in 
ness writing, and deprecates the use 
of extra lines and impracticable move- 
His past txperlence and education 
peculiarly fit him for a teadet 

in his 

profession, and as 
regarded — having, 
the National Penn 
onvened at Erie 
last, been chosen 

ch he 

I the first meeting of 
n's association, which 
Pennsylvania, in July 
' secretary and treas- 
er of that important organization for the 
rrent year. Considering that in this 
body there were representatives of our 
calling from every part of the country, the 
mpliment paid to Mr. Robinson, in 
lecting him for this ofl^cial position, was 
> slight one. 

Copy-sHps and specimens of plain and 
namental writing, the lines of which are 
adjusted and are of such a quality as 
to render them about as handsome as it 
ould seem possible for trained natural 
lent to produce, have recently been sent 
; by our friend, C. P. Zaner, Columbus.O 





Ns, Mo., Oct. 27, 1 


Editor Pen-Art Herald, Clevel; 

Dear Sir — From every soun 
hearing complaints of the inefficiency of 
the penmanship iuslruciion in the publ: 
schools, and of the inability of the con 
mon school teacher to successfully instrui 
in this important branch. It is generally 
admitted that something must be done 
that they must be dealt with — but icliat 
and hoiv are the troublesome questi 

I suggest that it would be an excellent 
plan for the Herald to devote at least 
one column each month to presenting 
matter which shall not only be of interest 
and value to this special class of teachers, 
but which shall be of a comprehcusilik and 
utilitarian nature. They are aware of 
their failing ; but in looking over the pen 
men's papers they are met with an array 
of pen-art work, and the instructions, if 
there be any, are of such a hue that it is 
almost "entirely impossible for them to 
grasp them, hence they are forced to the 
conclusion that proficiency in this branch 
is out of their reach, and that all directions 
for the acquirement of a good hand- 
writing are necessarily clouded in mystery, 
and are intended for some specially tal- 
ented class of learners. 

Contributors to this department should 
bear in mind that all teachers are not 
Manns or Parkers, who can supply what 
is omitted, but that they are, in the strict- 
est sense, pupils, and must be instructed 
accordingly. They must be given the 
simplest exercises and forms, with definite 
and specific directions for practicing and 
teaching them. They need more than 
nicely engraved copies, with the lofty in- 
junction to practice this five minutes, and 
that ten minutes. If they were made to un- 
derstand ho7t\ as well as what, the hill 
would not seem half so high or steep. 


We have strong evidence, in the prompt 
appearance and general character of the 
second number of The Pen-Art Herald 
that it has " come to stay," and as it is in 
troduced to us we feel confident that we 
but voice the sentiment of the profession 
when we pronounce it one of the best 
penmen's papers that we have ever seen. 
Not that it transcends in beauty and ele, 
gance anything of the kind we have ever 
beheld, or that we see in its illustrations a 
greater degree of skill and artistic design 
than is found in some of the leading pen- 
men's papers of the present day, or that 
the material of which it is composed is 
superior to that used by any other pub- 
genial spirit running 


the clean 


of its 



the fact that it 

s not ar 




, published in 

he inter 

ests of soroe 


Tiercial school, 

are elements 



end it to the 

tome cir 


every family 

in the land, as 

well as tc 

every penm 

n, gi 

ing promise of 

a healthful and invigorating influence in 
the field chirographic. Judging from the 
beginning, we have strong reason to ex- 
pect this publication to add new life, vigor 
and dignity to the profession. 

If ihe editor was spending a few weeks 
abroad for his health, we v 
saying a few words about h 
but as his physical conditio 
ent need of such means 01 
and as there is an immedia 
between Clevelanc 

Id feel like 
personally ; 
on is in no pres- 
of recuperation, 
iate railway con- 
id and Geneva, 
with the space of but two short hours be- 
tween us, we think it wise to pacify our- 
selves with the commonplace remark that 

' he is the 

'Sht , 

r the ri^ht , 

and if we do not grow wiser, stronger and 
better under the influence of his new de- 
parture, it will doubtless be because we do 
not make wise use of the information he.- 

The needs and aspirations of mankind 
are the gieai incentive powers to invention 
and progress, and it is to be hoped that the 
need ot a stronger and more solid front in 
the penmen's ranks may so control the 
i mind of this young devotee to 
e of the literature of penmanship 
pel him sliongly in the direction 
of elevating the standard of excellence, of 
ntensifying the desire of the learner to 
each that standard in the attainment of 
ikill, of developing a better understanding 
?ans of imparting 

to the literature of pen- 
manship, and of sirengthenmg the cords 
of friendship and good will that should 
pervade the brotherhood in every calling 
and profession. 

'. shall look with pleasurable anticipa- 
for future numbers of the Pen-Art 
»LD. S. R. Webster. 

neva, Ohio. 

if the 



Zbc pen=art Iberalb 

A Monthly Journal of Penmanship Literature. 

Do not send stamps when postal n 

nth. $2. 3 months. $5- 

) 10, Sixly-fiv( 

i known on application. 

We desire to engage some reliable person— a stu- 
dent or teacher— in every Business or other kmd of 
live School in the land, to act as our representalive, 
and to solicit subscripiions and advertisements for the 



We feel that our first duty in conneclion 
with the editorial work of this issue is to 
fling an animated apology at the most 
talented and popular man in the profes- 
sion of penmanship. It would seem need- 
less to 3dd thai reference is made 'o our 
brother editor and jovial Iriend, A. J. 
Scarborough, of whom ihe fraternity need 
not expect to have a second ediiion. 
Sometime ago we received a formal invi- 
tation to witness a wedding ceremony in 
which Mr. Scarborouoh was to act a very 
interesting and important part. Our fall 


plain and rugged business style in filling 
his card orders, and yet that does not 
signify that such a hand is equally una- 
vailable in the business office. And it 
would be still more inappropriate for a 
book-keeptr or correspondent to indulge 
in the ornamental windings or the airy 
waltzes of the whole-arm movement pen- 
man ; yet because that which ministers to 
the art taste cannot be utilized in practi- 
cal business life, does not argue that it is 
nonsensical. It is a diseased brain 
which will pronounce an acquirement 
utterly useless when it merely fails to 
profitably serve our own small and narrow 
business purposes. 

We have been favored with a copy of 
the Harrislmrg (Pennsylvania) Telegram, 
containing a very interesting interview with 
the accomplished king of itimrant card- 
•riters, our old friend Mr. Carl Temple. 
In the course of the conversation, the re- 
porter learns some very interesting things 
about the business of writing cards, not 
ihe least important of which is the fact 
ihat while the income of the business is 
large, the* enormous hotel and traveling 
expenses consume about all of it, so that, 
aside from ihe fund of experience and 
practical information which it is possible 
for the traveling scribe to accumulate, the 
riches usually possessed by him are largely 
imaginary. Mr. Temple says that " he 
does not expect to ever become wealthy," 

A large portion of our time is taken up 
in trying to make apologies for errors and 
personal injuries which our brothers from 
every side accuse us of having perpetrated. 
While this sort of employment is highly 
enjoyable and congenial, we wish to state 
that when, in future, your specimens are 
not noticed or some glaring injustice is 
done you, it will be an error of the head, 
and will be repaired in the earliest possible 
issue of the Herald. We shrink from 
the ihought of wronging any one or of 
slighlingthe smallest of art's children. But 
if it should make vou feel better, when 



an animated letter, indulging 
in all available epithets. If it comforts 
your shattered spirit or soothes your dis- 
located longings for notoriety, we would 
be diminutive indeed did we protest. 

We have recently puichased the sub- 
scription list and good-will of the /VwwMw'i 
Art Gazftte, which, for ihe past six months 
has been edited and published by our 
friend, Mr. H. F. Vogel, Chicago, Illinois. 
The Gazette has always been a bright 
paper, and was winning encouraging suc- 
cess i but its editor has entered more 
profitable and promising fields of labor, 
and he carries with him our best wishes. 
He is now a staff artist on the Chieago 
Graphic, and is utilising his art talent to 
good advantage. 

most critical event in the life of one in 
whom every reader of our HEk.^LD takes 
an intercbl, was not, we assure uur friend, 
intentional, but was caused through an 
oversight, for which we are principally al- 
though not wholly responsible. Mr. Scar- 
borough has long been identified, in a 
conspicuous manner, with the interests of 
practical education and penmanship, and 
we are safe in saying that no man has ex- 
erted a more potent influence for good, or 
has done more toward linking the profes- 
sion ol chirography with other and more 
varied interests than he. Under his able 
guidance the old " Penman's Gazette," 
which, in Gaskell's time, was looked upon 
by most people as an ingenious adver- 
tising medium with an occasional show 
ing of literary merit, has developed into a 
stately magazine, containing the choicest 
cullings from the current literary literature 
of our times, diversified and beautified by 
mellow and palatable apples of truth in pic- 
tures of humor. Although, at this late 
date, the last echoes of the wedding bells 
are but faintly trembling on our ears, we 
cannot help offering our delayed but 
hearty and heartfelt congratulations, with 
the earnest hope that there may be in 
store for them no less of light than of 

SoMr: of our tender-minded brethren 
seem to inhale the impression that, be- 
cause we are such a pronounced believer 
in sensible business writing, we do not ap 
preciate, and are striving to indirectly con- 
demn artistic penmanship, but we can 
candidly assure every one that we have no 
such motive. Rather would we wish to 
aid in establishing and defining the proper 
sphere, and the relative importance of 
each attainment. It would be an exhibi- 
tion of poor taste in a card-writer to use a 


land " willing of Prok. C. A. Faust, of Ch 
) present, as above, such a neat specimen of i 
duced one-half in the photo-engraving. 

yet we hope that, in this, at least, he will 
not realize his expectations. 

During the past month letters have 
been received from almost every section 
of the country, complimenting the appear- 
ance of the first and second issues, and ex- 
pressing the warmest hopes of our suc- 
cess. To nearly all we have replied 
through correspondence, yet we cannot 
help thanking, publicly, those who have 
manifested such an appreciative interest 
in our welfare. We are all the more grate- 
ful for these letters and kind expressions 
from the fact ihat a great many have con- 
sistently enclosed postal notes and cur- 
rency, thereby convincing us at once that 
they mean what they say. We like to 
know that our efforts please you, and we 
assure you that an expression of your 
good-will is always a source of inspiration 
to us. But our inspiration takes a more 
substantial form when your compliment- 
ary words are wrapped around a green- 
back. In that case they leave no 
aching void in their track. But when a 
professional writes us an extravagant let- 
ter, wishing us all the success which he 
can find terms to describe, and neglects to 
enclose his admission fee, we cannot help 
confessing that there is a hollow sound 
about his words which must be felt to be 

Have your subscription bt 
first number of the Herai.k. 

rith the 

It is Mr. Vogel's earnest desire that all 
of his friends and constituents shall give 
to the Herald that liberal measure of 
support which they have so kindly pledged 
to the Gazette. 

To the person sending us the most com- 
plete list of students of writing and ama- 
teurs, with correct addresses, before the 
next issue of ihe Herald, we will present 
a valuable prize, The directory must 
consist of persons who are actually inter- 
ested in pen-art, and of as many neiv 
names as it is possible for the sender to 

Mr. D. B. Hanson, the popular and 
skillful card penman, is connected with 
the Columbus Business College. He mails 
us some unique card specimens, which 
illustrate his superior tact in designing 
combinations and his skill in executing 

Cleveland can boast, we think, o£ a fi 
share of penmen and teachers of the a 
Among her " leading lights " may be 
mentioned Professor A. k. Clark, superin- 
tendent of penmanship in the cUy schools. 
Mr. Clark is a refined and pleasing gen- 
tleman, and is one of the most prominent 
penmen of the country. Professor S. E. 
Bartow of the Ohio Business University, 
while but a young man, deserves to be 
ranked with the very best talent in lh( 
calling. Professors H. T. Loomis, J. H 

Bryant and F. L, Dyke, all of the Spen- 
cerian College, are nationally known 
scribes. Professor W. L. Shinn, of the 
Cleveland Business College, is a fine prac- 
tical writer, as is Professor H. T. Tanner, 
of the Forest City Business College. J. F. 
Fish and P. T. Phillips, graduates of Pro- 
fessor Michael, are now residents of the 
" Forest City." N. W. Dunham, a grad- 
uate of Professor M. L. Hubbard of South 
New Lyme, Ohio, is an enthusiastic and 
successful teacher. G. J. Kretchme 
le of ihe future's great penmen, and is 
pidly coming to the front. Masters 
James Connolly, J. F. Haederle and G. 
W. Leopold are among the most skillful 
boy-writers to be found anywhere. T. 
Nelson, a former pupil of A. N. Palmer at 
the " Lakeside," Chicago, and later of J. 
P. Wilson, is a first class penman and a 
first-class young man. W. W. Jackson, a 
former penman at the Spencerian College, 
now teacher in the West High School, has 
an excellent local reputation. Professor 
F. D. Gorsline is a skilled, practical writer 
and experienced teacher. L. J. Grace is 
a finished pen-artist, and does some very 
elaborate work in that line. Professor M. 
J. Caton uses a dashing style of off-hand 
penmanship, and has seen service ir 
teaching field. Mr. J. D. Holcombis one 
the best plain writers we have ever met, 
and is a great lover of the art. J. L. 
Sweet writes a good hand. H. O. Bern- 
hardt is teacher of writing in the Cleve- 
land Business College. This completes 
the list so far as we are informed. 

Professor Chandler H. Peirce, whose 
post-ofllice address is known to all of our 
readers, has published a series of copy- 
books which are a complete innovation in 
ihat line of authorship. They are based 
on an untried plan ; are profusely illu 
trated and contain plenty of healthy 

He also presents us with a copy of his 
"Philosophical Treatise," an exhaustive 
and valuable work, without which a pen- 
man's library is incomplete in an emphatic 
sense. All should have it. 


Of the Herald in the future will be a 
beautifully illustrated series of Lessons i 
Pen-Art, covering all branches of the sub- 
ject, and presenting many original designs 
and ideas. This course is to be given 
by Miss Anna Nintin of Grand Island, 
Nebraska, who, in our estimation, is 
finest lady penman in this or any other 
country. Her work is peculiarly strong 
and graceful, being fully equal to that of 
our best professionals. She promises her 
very best efforts, and we feel safe in 
dieting that this will be an unusually 
valuable course of lessons. While they 
will be adapted to all classes, the nature 
of the designs which shall be presented 
and which will be engraved direct from the 
pen and ink copy of Miss Nintin, will 
render them of especial interest and value 
to amateurs. To our knowledge, no lady 
has ever before attempted anything of the 
kind, consequently we are somewhat 
proud to be able to make such an an- 
nouncement. We hope to begin the 
series in the December issue. 

Think over the matter of subscribing. 
Meditate upon our premium offers. 



Foi< the Boi|^ to I^ead. 


Some very stronRly executed and attrac- 
tive specimens of penmanistic handiwork 
are sent us by our substantial and highly 
esteemed friend, Professor J. B. Duryea, 
tearher of penmanship in the Iowa Busi- 
ness College, of Des Moines. 

Professor C. I- Rickeits, artist penman, 
who is located at the Central Music Hall, 
Chicago, writes us an exceedingly clever 
letter — clever in a three-ply sense. The 
penmanship is irreproachable, the senti- 
ment and composition excellent, and the 
remittance exceedingly refreshing. 

Mr. M. T. Nelson of Pelican Rapids, 
Minnesota, is a young penman of much 

Mr. Guy L. Dail.Osawkee, Kansas, writes 
a pretty backhand. He is one of the 
many amateurs who has convinced us of 

of the Herald by 

promptly subscribing for it. 

Professor J. F. 

Burner, Elko, Ne- i 
vada, has mailed I 
us some valuable j 
specimens of gold 

or his well known power as an instructor, 
are mistaken. VVe have before us a spec- 
imen of his writing which cannot be sur- 
passed by half a dozen of the leaders of 
our calling. 

A skillfully written set of capitals and a 
soulful letter come lo us from that sterling 
young penman, Professor E. M. Barber, 
instructor in the Southwestern Business 
College, Wichita, Kansas. 

Mr. E. N. Hill, North Wilbraham, Mas- 
sachusetts, a young gentleman of sixteen 
years, sends us some dashy specimens. 
His work is very smooth, and has a pleas- 
ing appearance. 

Mr. W. H. Lothrop, South Boston, Mass., 

I of penn 

a style 
ily of 

sachusetts, is a great lovi 
Although a business mat 
ihat would do honor to 
our professionals. 

Professor C. E. Jones of Tabor, Iowa, 
does excellent work in all departments of 
penmanship, but his specialty is automatic 
— in which he has few equals. He is an 
earnest, intelligent and capable worker, 
and is deserving of all success. 

wishes of Professor S. R. Webster, of Ge- . 
neva, Ohio, were enclosed. j 

One of Canada's best penmen is Mr. ! 
Charles Ruby, of Waterloo, Ontario, who 
is a late recruit from the Queen's prov- 

Professor B. M. Worthington, Chicago, 
Illinois, informs us that the publication of 
the abandoned Pen and Ink Journal will 
soon be resumed. We are glad of it, and 
trust that it will shine with added bright- 

We receive few letters from any source 
that compare with those of Professor C. 
E. MtKee. Columbus, Ohio. We expect 
to allow our readers to gaze upon his 
young features before long. 

The Oberlin College Department of 
Penmanship has produced scores of ele- 
gant penman, but on the entire list no 
name can be found that will outshine that 
of our old class-mate and friend, Professor 
B. H. Spencer, now of Albany, New York. 
Some cards lately sent us are written m a 
style which is not encountered every day. 
We are glad to announce that in our next 




Herald office. 

Mr. Ralph W. 
Wood, who lives 
in the City of New 
York, has recently 
favored us with 
some very finely 
written and sensi- 
ble business let- 
One of the most 
finished business 

who holds a po- 
sition with Catlin 
& Co., of Boston. 
Mr. George L. 
Clothier, Paxico, 
Kansas, a former 
City Bi 

of the 

The Western Penman for October, 
while somewhat delayed, is a bright and 
spicy number. In it is begun the promised 
series of lessons from the pen of Professor 
H. W. Kibbe. The " Penman " is one 
of the best periodicals published in the 
interests of education. 

The Normal, Wilton Junction, Iowa, 
is full of substantial matter for teachers. 

The Beacon, York, Nebraska, is pretty 
and good— two qualities which all periodi- 
cals should possess. 

' The College Rei'iew, Atchinson, Kan- 
sas, published by the students oi the 
Business College of that city, contains 
much edifying and palatable editorial 

Professor E. M. Chartier, Little Rock, 
Arkansas, favors us with a specimen of 
his off-hand writing in imitation of Wiese- 
hahn. It is very deftly done. 

Professor Fielding Schofield, who pre- 
sides over that miniature pen-art world of 
Quincy, Illinois, the Normal Penmanship 
Department of the Gem City College, 
sends us a packet of flourishing, which, for 
ingenuity of de- 
sign, grace of ex- 
ecution and artis- 
tic beauty.we have 
never seen 

Professor C. A. 
Faust, Chicago, 
hands us a sam- 
ple of his back- 
hand, in the form 
of a compliment- 
ary letter, which 
is fully up to his 

s College, Quincy, Illi- 
nois, and now a teacher in the public 
schools, writes well, and is a progressive 
and, we presume, a successful instructor. 

Professor G. L. Gordon, Farmersville, 
Texas, who is well known in penmanship 
circles, visits us quite often, through the 
medium of excellently written letters. A 
specimen of his work will appear in an 
early number of our paper. 

Professor W. N. Ferris, Big Rapids, 
Michigan, manifests his good will in the 
usual way, and utters a cheering word at 
the same time. He is one of our most 
prominent practical educators. 

Mr. E. F. Quintal, late of Hillsdale, 
Michigan, is now at his home in Stock- 
holm, New York. His' writing possesses 
that peculiar grace which pupils of Palmer 
almost invariably acquire. 

Mr. E. O. Hodson, Burr Oak, Kansas, 
is becoming quite a good pen-manager. 
He belongs to our growing family. 

People who imagine that the chief thing 
for which E. K. Isaacs is noted is his 
ability as a contributor to our periodicals. 

Mr. H. M. Cash of Salesville, Ohio, one 
of the veteran writing teachers of the 
country, favors us with a well written and 
inspiring letter. 

Most people seem to understand that 
Professor H. W. Flickinger of Philadel- 
phia, is a good writer. If any are in doubt 
we believe that a recent letter which we 
have received from that gentleman will 
settle the matter. 

Some of the most artistic and thoroughly 
good specimens of pen-work which have 
ever crossed our pathway, have just been 
sent us by that warm hearted and jovial 
southerner. Professor R. S. Collins of 
Knoxville, Tennessee. 

Among the skilled and accomplished 
writers of the profession. Professor W. A. 
Hoflfman, teacher in Bryant's College, Chi- 
cago, holds a high position. In a late 
letter he expresses thorough appreciation 
of the Herald. 

Among the many valued letters that 

are more deftly and delicately written than 
that in which the congratulations and best 

issue Professor Spencer will give a lesson 
in writing, and it is needless to predict 
that a rare treat will be enjoyed by all who 
see that number. 

Mr. Jesse Overlock, Rpckport, Maine, 
uses a model species of penmanship in his 

Mr. E. L. Brown, Rockport, Maine, 
sends us some pieces of pen-work which 
are well executed, and exhibit good taste 
in their designing. 

Mr. J. V. DeCremer, Green Bay, Wis- 
consin, uses the pen in a playful fashion, 
and produces graceful and brilliant strokes. 
He is but fifteen years of age. 

A beautiful piece of copperplate letter- 
writing is sent us by Professor J. F. White- 
leather, principal of the Business College 
at Fort Wayne, Indiana. 

The Penman's Directory by W. H. 
Gardner, Salem, Massachusetts, has some 
interesting and enjoyable features. The 
last number contains a bright contribution 
from our friend, F.S. Heath of Portland, Me. 

standard of excel- 
lence — which 
means somethings 
we can assure you. 
Professor J. D. 
Brunner, Marble 
Rock, Iowa, is 
coolly walking in- 
to prominence as 
a teacher of pen- 

Our old friend, 
C. G. Prince, now 
of Buffalo, New 
York, writes us a 
letter in a style 
that is captivat- 
ing. He encloses a specimen of his 
poetic genius, which, we have no doubt, 
will prove soothing to many a worldly 
penman, as it expresses no imaginary 
setltiment. We present it in its unrevised 

Lives of penmen ofl remind us, 

Not for us the proud world cares, 
So we, departing, leave behind us, 
Little boodle Tor our heirs. 

We are wondering what can have be. 
come of our old associate, W. E. Dennis. 
We fear that the muscular movement ad- 
vocates have finished him. When we last 
saw him he wore an over-done cast of 
countenance and a new pair of cuffs, the 
former, especially, having been induced 
by too much of the movement theory. To 
indulge in candor, we must say that few 

men in th 

e pen-art ranks have equal 


The Nr 

vember number of GaskelVs 

Magazine c 

ontains a portrait and sketch 

of the Her 

\ld's editor. We already hear 


of surprise at our extreme 

youthfulness as disclosed by our charitable 

friend, Mr. 



v: In the Sohool Room. 



Frankness should characterize ; 
ances of every honest instructor. The 
teacher who possesses a fault whicli is ap- 
parent to evi-ry pupil under his charge, and 
yet remains conveniently blind to it hini- 
seVf, only renders the failing ten-fold more 
objectionable. Acting on ihJs thought, I 
wish to make a plain statement in regard 
to the younj; m-m whose partial cognomen 
heads this article. /// class, I am api to 
talk too much! But to help atone for 
this failing, I must add that I never begin 
my verbal athletics until I have the at- 
tention of every student in the class. I 
find it necessary to resort to various ex- 
pedients to get that attention, but it pays 
tu secure it at any cost. 

But I am losing myself in the intoxi- 
cation of rambling talk again, almost for- 
getting that this is labeled a "Lesson." 
I notice you are getting ready to practice. 
But I mu&t indulge my confessed failing 
again long enough to remark about tb( 
territory the class occupies ! You an 
scattered in every remote corner of the 
map. Intelligent faces are turned toward 
this paragraph in every state and terri 
tory. Are you growing restless? Are 
you impatient to commence practice ? 
Hold ; you are not yet ready. Will you 
please discard a tendency, which I cannot 
help noting, to crouch, shall I call it? 
1 mean that some are stooping and bend- 
ing and inclining forward too much. 
There is an unnatural droop about your 
heads. Did anyone ever advise you to 
sit erect ■i If so, regard that individual as 
a sage, and take the advice. 

Be sure, also, that your paper and pens 
are good. I'll not prescribe any special 
brand of either. Try all of the di/Terent 
kinds and select the best. Now, criticise 
your manner of holding the pen and rest- 
ing the arms. If, by endeavoring to re- 
call all you have ever read in regard to 
pen-holding and movement, you feel that 
you would be profited by making some 
changes in your methods, do not hesitate 
to do so. Are you now ready to write ? 
Let us reflect. We have tried to put the 
physical |»art of the machinery, which pro- 
duces good writing, in proper running 
order. What else is required? Is writing 
a mere physical education ? If so, of what 
use is the brain ? Will the most careful 
attention to the details of the mechanical 
parts of an engine avail aught unless there 
is a motive pmoer for propelling and direct 
ing and holding in check those physical or 
mechanical appliances ? 

The human body is but a convertible 
machine, capable of being made subserrient 
to an endless variety of uses, when mind 
acts through it. Robbed of the regulating 
and controUing mental force, it becomes 
the most useless of all machines. 

And nQ\s, young friends and o/t/ friends, 
if I can persuade you to realize that the 
most important factor for consideration in 
drilling and training the causes and con- 
ditions which produce fine penmanship, 
is now, and ever will be, min-d— I shall 
consider that our copyless lesson has not 
been a profitless one. 

The Archibald Business College of 
Minneapolis, in which our worthy friend, 
Professor H. J. Pulman, is an important 
faculty factor, is represented by a taste- 
fully made up catalogue. 

Professor C. N. Crandle is meeting with 
that success which can be looked upon as 
only the natural fruit of honest labor, in 
his penmanship teaching at the Dixon 
Normal School of Illinois. 

Our intimate friend and former pupil, 
Mr. Plave E. Ashburn, West Union, West 
Virginia, contemplates entering the pro- 
fession of penmanship and business edu- 
cation at an early day. He is coming 
right to the front in his writing, and in ad- 
to possessing a fine education, has 
decided and marked talent as a teacher, 
the fact that young men of his stamp 
are needed in our calling, we feel assured 
of his success. 

Mr. John Nolen. Philadelphia, a gradu- 
ate of the famous Girard College of that 
city, has determined to become a better 
penman, although he now writes a splen. 

Strokes," and are advertised in t 
month's paper. Framed, they woi 
adorn and honor any art collection in i 
land. An elaborate specimen of Profes. 
Farley's Work will be engraved for 
early issue of this paper. 

Mr. Will J. Hudson, the Columbus 
" Short-hand and Type-writer man," is one 
of the aggressive and progressive of our 
many esteemed co-workers. He is a 

: Bu 


ing and exi 

■sorts of offi. 


an abli 

arid interesting of periodii 

0£ice. Mr. Hudson is 

men of any calling who i 

of things at the same tii 

them in a thoroughly ih 

cessful manner. 

mess College man ; a rush- 
lely vivacious dealer in all 
conveniences, and is a de- 
s an editor, conducting, in 
. one of the most valuable 
The Modern 
of the few 


nd do all of 

»hich our 

The Writing Teacher, published by our 

:nd Williamson of Richmond, Virginia, 

es not come often enouL;h. It is full 

ted brightness, and its perusal 

e sourest person in the world 

nan. We heartily wish that 

every state had a penmanship quarterly of 

uch merit. 

did business hand. Mr. Nolen's resolve 
lis direction is worthy of a wide emu- 
lation. There ought to be ten thousand 
; good writers in this country before 
another year passes. 

e might add that Mr. Nolen had the 
ortune to be our room-mate during a 
part of our stay in the "Quaker City," 
nd that it would be a difficult matter to 
convince us that the last census reports in- 
lude a half dozen i 
equally good qualitie 

ung men of 

Is there not someone in th 
acquaintance who would ri 
for the H 
oflfers ? 
nd to u 

ircle of your 
10 would readily subscribe 
ALD after reading our premium 
so, and you will secure and 
his subscription, we will mail 
:r to show our appreciation, a 
copy of Farley's Model Guide to Pen- 
manship, a work of great value to all 
May we not expect numerous 
responses to this proposition? 

About as fine pieces of ornamental pen- 
manship as we have ever enjoyed looking 
have just been received from the famed 
pen artist, Professor D. H. Farley, Tren- 
New Jersey. They are christened 
lirographic Editors " and " Pen- 

This number of the Herald is some- 
what deficient in the number of illustra- 
tions, at least in comparison with the 
number which we had hoped to present. 
Some expected cuts having been mysteri- 
ously delayed, we are compelled to go to 
press without them, or delay the appear- 
ance of this issue, which we are averse to 
doing when it can be avoided. AVe have 
some rich and costly designs in store, 
however, for future numbers. 

One of the most interesting features of 
the Penman's Art Journal, is the gal- 
lery of "Representative American Pen- 
men," which it has been running for sev- 
eral months. The teacher of penmanship 
who does not read the Journal is about 
as much of a curiosity as it is possible to 
conceive of. 


number of papei 
, for all of whici 

have receive 
nd school c 
i desire to i 
2 that the 1 


egret t 

3f our paper w 
allow of a formal review of each 
Went Vi 
the Hon. 



The IVtst Union Record, of 
old friend, Silas P. Smith, is 
editor, runs an Educational Department. 
We once had the honor of overseeing and 
conducting that portion of the periodical, 
and, of course, feel an interest in its wel- 
fare. The Educational Leader, published 
by C. J. Oiler of Findlay, Ohio, is a wel- 
come visitor to our editorial cave. The 
same remark may apply to The fournal 
of Educatiou, of which O. P. Jtidd of 
Clinton, Iowa, is editor. The Modern 
Office, Columbus. Ohio, is one of the 
most valuable periodicals which comes to 
this, or any other office. 

A careful examination of Wright's 
" Bookkeeping Simplified ; or a Key to 
Double Entry," an attractive and hand 
somely bound copy of which is on our 
table, convinces us that as a text or ref- 
erence book on the subject of which it 
treats, it is especially desirable and valua- 
ble. The work does not pretend to deal 
with theories in an elaborate manner 
but gives the substance of the author's 
actual experience as an accountant, -^t is 
full of good, sound, choice and spicy mat- 
ter relating to the every-day work of the 
bookkeeper. We call especial attention 
to the advtrtisement found in this issue 
and feel that we are doing our readers a 
favor by urging them to procure a copy of 
the work without delay. 

We have felt uneasy ever since drop- 
ping the somewhat irrelevant closing sen- 
tence in our review of the Packard 
metic, which appeared in our last 
r. The truth of the matter is, we 
lamined and used an older edition 
of the work, and felt perfectly safe and 
justified in saying what we did of it. But 
of the revised and later edition, Professor 
Packard had not, as then, mailed us a 
copy, yet had remarked in one of his let- 
ters that he would not object to our review- 
ing it. We took it and used it as a mere 
bit of witticism, and, as oui readers are 
aware, and as the professor puts it, "kicked 
over a good pail of milk " in a sort of 
reckless closing remark. Were it not that 
it is fast becoming a habit of ours to say 
things in a way that conservative people 
condemn, we should feel it our duty to 


dent of Public 
West Virginia, i 

About three months ago I decided to 

U the Exponent and publish a monthly 

)llege paper. I was corresponding with 

veral parties about it. Mr. Bennett of 

Grand Rapids, Mich., learned of this, 

eemed very anxious to have the Exponent 

ind made me a proposition, stating that 

le could not take it then, but would the 

first of October. I told him I could not 

publish it any more, as I had started the 

College Journal, and would not have time 

to attend to both. But I told him I 

would keep it for him until October, and 

sent him a contract to sign. He made 

i signed one of his own and re. 

turned it. I kept ihe Exponent, as agreed 

upon, but he refused to pay for it. So I 

have arranged with Mr. Showalter, editor 

of the Herald, to fill the subscriptions. 

,m sure none of you can have any fault 

find regarding the change, if Mr. 

School Journal, edhed by I Showalter continues to give us the bright 

Morgan, State Superinten- 1 thoughts and beautiful cuts he has done 

one of ) 

, Charleston, 
most valued 

us far. Cordially, S. D. Fc 

Altoona, Pa., Nov. 14, 1SS7. 



n all branches of pen-work, 
eilher personally or by mail, and makes 
a specialty of plain and 


If you want anything in I 

49^Send for Circ 

■ of pen-work for 

Penmen's Supplies 

i 290, for the finest Drawin_ 
Lettering, I dOE, soc, <<gros5$i5o. Soennecken's 
I. 3, 3^, 3, 3^ and 4, broad points for rapid Text 
Lettering ; i is the largest ; assorted to order ; Jf 
gross 3SC, I gross $1.30. Soennecken's 10, 20 and 
30, double points for open Text Lettering ; 10 is the 
largest; assorted to order; 1 doz. 450, ^ gross$i.25. 
Unruled Letter Paper, for flourishing ; 3Ji lbs. 
51.50. Bristol Boards, for Engrossing, sue aax 
z8 in. : 6 boards 85c ; light, for flourishing. 6 boards 
65c. Visiting Cards, 2x3^^ in , 15c per 100. 
per 1000. Heavy, best, same size, 20c per 100, 
$1.60 per 1000. Tkacinc Paper. 11x14 in.. 4 sheets 
15c : la, soc. Pantograph, for reducing or en- 
larging designs. $1. Scrolling Outfit, for laying 

t;urved lines of lettering. 

rung i 

T-square, with adjustable head. ;_ 
ING Pen, for use with the T-square, 50c. Divideks, 
with pen and pencil points, for making circles, $t. 
Penholders, straight, i doz. 2$c. Best Japan 
Ink per pint, by express, 6oc. Best India Ink, 
large stick. $1. INK Tray. with cover, 65c. Parch- 


7 HoBART Street, 

111 astitii 


Business College. His portrait appeared in 
initial number of this paper. He executed our r 
heading, and is equally at home in all dep;irime 
of penmanship. He can send you a flourished pie 
for 25c which will make you feel young ag 
agrees to send you as finely written pack of 
you can get anywhere for the same amou 
when both flourishing and c iirds are ordered, he v 


Wright's Bookkeeping Simplified— A Key to Double Entry 

Neariy aoo pages, brimful and overflowing with lightning methods and short roads to results. It con- 
anihs" business-like and scientific routine, showing the 
J _i u_-i >)ibiiing gain or loss, assets and lia- 

close hooks properly, monthly or 

New York business method of opening, keeping, and closing book 
biliiies. net capital, etc. Not one bookkeeper in 1.000 who knows I 

yearly. This book illustrates approved methods, assuring success 

able— methods that kept the authors services in demand by large houses at a goodsalary for si 
hence methods worth knowing. The experienced bookkeeper who thinks he knows it all should disabuse 
his misguided judgment by reading this book suf> rosa if not boldly, and learn much to him before 

long been in doubt. It 

enable hit 
full of im. 
school of bookkeeping 

ce the wotk in half the lime. The inexperienced o 

formation from floor to roof — index to appendix 

journalize everything, a rule mo 

fast dying out, however, and wil 

■ ■ • ■ t),g keynote 

issued from 
scriptive Circular 

lolber world. This book 
K nothing, Sweet cadence of a new anil 
ng all others in point of merit and popularity. 

• honored in the breach 

soon be as echoless as footfalls 

> a new school lullaby, as it were. 

Sent by mail, postpaid, A 24-p3ge De- 

Liberal discount to Agents, Newsdealers and Schools. 

P. A. WRIGHT, Author and Publisher, 769 BROADWAY, N. Y. 

Bergmann's Patent Pen Guide! 

(Nickel plated,) Highly recommended. The only 

Either four numbers I will send you for 
Retail price for one Guide lo cents. By ordering 
only one Guide, give the ring rize of first and fourth 
fingers on slip ot paper* Address PROF, IGNAZ 
BERGMANN, Fort Mndison, Iowa. 

B®^ 10 CENTS 10 ■=^ 

Pays for your address in the "Agent's Directory,' 
which goes whirling all over the United States, and 
you will get hundreds of samples, circulars, cata- 
logues, newspapers, magazines, etc., from those 
who want agents. You will get lots of mail matter 
and good reading free, and be well pleased with the 
small investment. Address, 

Our Premium Offers. 

permnnentty established, and we h: 
lieve that it will be found fully woi 

simultaneously. In order that ever 

■ tirnily and 
fason to be- 
he subscript 

To all who subscribe within a few days from the 

-' 'ving a sample copy, sending us seventy- 

nl stamps, we will 

ho send us their subscription, accompa- 
i one dollar bill, or postal note of that 
in. we will mail \\\c ^nesl u-orA on prdc- 
'S ever issued—" \ SERIirs OF LES- 
PLAIN WRITING.- published by 
man & Kinsley. A full description of 
I be found in their advenisemeni in this 

Will you take advantage of i 

Gold, Honor and Success 

Training in 

IM GOLD and a 
PLOMA given Iree 
lo every purchaser 
making ihe best im- 

Shorthand Machine SL" f'-'XMlS'S You Ous;Iit to See the Rest of It 

eof his 


published in the South. Contai 
contributions from the beat pen; 
country, with many elegant specimens. The 
September number contains a long writing les- 
son by Chandler H. Pierce with twenty-five 
copies. A cabinctsize engraving of ■'ye"editoi 
is given on first page and a tine article by Prof, 
H. Rusaell The paiier contains sixteen pages 
and cover. Subscription price is 25c. a year; in 
clubs of h or more, 20c- a year. A copy for 
inspection will be sent free. Address, 



R R F "P '^^ B" '"y "«« <^i^^ — -- 

A l\.J-#JL-», matic Shading Pen-work in the 
hands of every reader of this paper, 1 will v " 
ni.iil to any one sending their name and 


A monihly paper devoted to the interests of Teach 
•■rs. Students, and Practical Education, published ai 
the Northwestern Business College. Madison. Wis 
Snbscnpiion price, 50 cents per annum. Address all 

for all general writing. lam making I 
a speciiilty al present of teaching this method in its 
purity, by mail. I have arranged a very ihorougli 
and compleie course of insirucit^n in plT'n wrtntM.;, I 
■mbracing just those things wlmli iii. i.i.m. m- I 

'pecimen Letter, 20c 
■cimens of Card Writ- 

562 Pearl Street, 
Cleveland. O. 
For writing which combines all desired accuracy 
vith perfect ease, freedom and grace, that of Prof. 
^. E. Bartow cannot easily be surpassed. His work 
■ntiiles him to a high place among the skilled chirog- 



Penman, Shaw's Bus. College. 



Your specimen letter i; 
You are a wonderful p 

excellent. R. S. Collins 
nman. R. W. Wood. 

in lettering ^ 

U. al the same time, another quarter is enclosed.'a 
dozen cards with your n,ime. written in my best 

8. 1. handle, Penman aod Aptist, 


S30.00 03iTIL.-Sr 

in Penmanship, including Rapid 

s Writing. Flourishing, Card Writing. Black- 

i Writing, Line and Stipple Shading. Pen Drawing, Pen I.etlcring. Pen Poi trails, Engrossing, De- 

■eparing all kinds of Pen Work for 

, Comic Pen Sketching, 


Reading, Elocution, Spelling. Vocal Music, Leller Writing, Orchestral and Rand 
Priictice, Literary Societies, Senate, Debating, Library and Teachers' Training- 
Board $1.40. $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week. Furnished Room 30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week 
— :) A:R:T:I:S:T:I:C S:P:E:C:I:M-.E:N;S (:— 


into every English speaking family. 
Hundreds of young men and wo 

wnting is a PHYSICAL EDUCATION, and 
'cs you a thorough control over the arm and fin- 
so thai letters wiil flow from the pen as easily as 
T runs down hill. The book is beautifully bound 
jih. and contai"" *■' ' 

r sold. We mail it, postage prepaid, to 
all pans of the world (or SIXTY CENTS, and pre- 
sent liie gifts as stated above. No chance for dis- 
honesty, as our instructions which we mail with each 
book will show. Bixlek's Physical Tkaining in 
Penmanship also tells you all about organizing and 
teaching classes. By studying it for a short time 
ily make 520 a week leaching evening 

nd join our army of competitors, 
ing. make money, gain honor and 

r sellin 


Specimen's of Flourishing, 

Whicb are conceded to be as fine as the fiiieat 
will be sent on receipt of lij cents. Lessons id 
Flourishing by niuil. 50 cents each, or IfS for 
twelve lessons. Address. 






The following named desigps ate decidedly original n 

Flourished Fish with Border. 

Double Swan and Border. 18x22 — Grand 1. , i.o 

Variety Specimen, 22x28— Elegant ! 3.0 

t worked in India ink. Ohd 

9. Beautiful Parlor Design, Pen Drawing of 

1 Set of Capitals. Bird Flourish! and Plai 

Writing in Form of Letter 

, Twetuy-fivcCards written in as many 

Address C, N. CRAN'DLE. Penman, DIXON, ILL. 

jlS-Menlion ■■ P. A. Herald." 


Do you think that to combine its visits 
: a year, with either of the works offered 
as premiums, you would have something 
which w..uld do you more good than the 
amount of mon-^y which will procure the 
same ? If an atfirnialive response 10 all 
of these questions would indicate the state 
of your sentiments, please materialize 
them in a postal note and send to us. 
Speaking in a less voluble slrain^-a'c not 
delay sending in your suburiptim to the 
Herald ! Let us hear from you within a 
small number of day^ 1 


The Automatic Shading Pen 




Successful Because it is Practical. 

Clinton Business College 


Penmanship, Shorthand, Type-Writing. 

K.tcli of its DepanmeDls is under the ch.irge of 

An efficient corps of experienced teacllers, A 
good location. A thorough nnd practical 
course of stndv. Pleasant rooms. Con 
vcniciit furniture Its principals arc prac 
tical accoutit.-int* .iml sticcc.;sfnl teachers 

0. p. )UDD, President. CLINTON, IOWA. 


This ia no experiment. Success is certain to 
every one taking lessons who is willing to work. 

No studeut has (ailed yet, and I have had 

To my knowledKe. no one else teaches Auto- 
matic Penmanship by mail. 

The course is systematically arranged as far 
as is possible, but the lessons must be varied 
in every case to suit the particular needs of each 

This is one of the most beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone, cer- 
tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after six les- 
sons. All copies are fresh from my pen. 

12 UsBons $3 00 

■24 Lessons & 00 

Alphabets, each : ...if: 15 

1 Handsome Motto, size 7x20 lettered and 

ornanientetl in a variety of colors .... 20 

1 Automatic Shading Pen .-,... 25 

5 Automatic Shading ( assorted ) 1 00 

5 assorted powders (or making ink for same 25 

12 Ornamented designs 100 

Cards, per doz 30 



.loQee is one of the very finest Automatic pen 

The WesUrii Penman. 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been reduced to a line point by C. E. Jones, 
Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tabor. Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ulty of imaprting skill to others is attested by 
numeroDs specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, wliich we have been permitted to see. 
The Penman- s Art journal. 

Specimens of automatic pen-Ietterincreceived 
from Mr. Jones are the finest we have ever 

Ed. Pen Art Hbrald. 


Every one who sees this to send for 

Automatic Penmanship. 

Automatic Shading Pens, 25c. each. 

Fine Assorted Sizes, $1.00. 

Five Packages Assorted Automatic Inl 



A New Work. New Plan. Admirably Arranged. Elegantly En- 
graved. Finest of Heavy Paper. Best of Printing. 
Half the Usual Price. 


I the finest kind of very I 

litis seventeen slips, These slips aie not bound and ai 
vo slips devoted to movement exercises, giving fifty-f 
in the order in which they should be taught, 
iely of words, introducing nothing but ! 

.. ^ Following the letter given for pmctice, 

ted by a short sentence, starling with the same capital. 

The figures are analyzed by means of staff lines, and a great 
en. Forms of draft, receipt and letter are prominent features. 

Part 2 is the '■Instruction Bsok " to accompany the slips. This is th 
en in connection with a work of this kind. 

It coi)lain5 chapters on ■' Materials," " Podtion " (giving cuts). " Fc InfornialLon." There are twenty lessons mapped out. 

Thi; slips .Tnd ■' Instruction Book " are enclosed in a neat and substantial 

Tlie reader may think from the generous use ^ the adject 

' Movement,' 
that we 

, but you will find below a few opini 

. we have more of them. Watch the different 

penmanship papers and v 

ads" (or Bai 

tors, and the best rff it 

ill see some of the others, 


Pkof. W. D. Showalteh. Editor "Pen Art Herald," Cleveland, O.:— 1 consider "A Series of Les- 
in Plain Writing" the most comprehensive, clear and practical guide for the student of penmanship 
before . 
perior comprehen! 

hibited in its admirable arrangement and thoughtful make- 
of the actual requirements of the class-room, as well as a complete conversa 
th thp needs of the self-teaching stiiden' 

Rockland. Me. ;— Having thoroughly examined 
'Series ol Lessons in Plain Writing" 1 take pleasure in recommending them to every student of penma 
PR01-. W. N. Ff.rkis. Prin. Big Rapids (Mich.) Industrial Schooli— I shall say a good word for 

Agents wanted in every town and 
the " Lessons." Collect all other •' C 
compare. One can be ordered in this 
want copies. If this work is not belle 
and does not give more for the money 
pay postiige£or return, providing 

ich reward, and if the people 

n any similar thing published. 

urned in good condit 

named belo\t that is nearer to you 

P. O. Box 186. M 

The wonderful progress which has been made during the last few years in 

l3 Strikingly illustrated in the iiraotioal worltings anU in tlie assured success of tlie 

Ohio Business University 

National School of Penmanship, 


This institu 

tion furnishes nneiii 

lie.l fii.'ilitif-. fur 

earning |ienmiiiisliip and the art of 

Ml, one of whom devotes liis time to 

teachidg engrossing and oriianienta 

make u specialty of Business Pen- 

onsidered and treated as entirely sep- 

arate accomplishments. One as ai 
education. Our facilities for impar 

s an indispensable part of a business 

iiif! II ciiiiipU'l*' bii.s 

lesaeducution are fully up with the 

times, and we i 

nvitc a thorough inv 

estigntionof the su 

le. Circulars free. 


Lock Box 34. TABOR, IOWA. 


562 Pearl St., Cleveland, O. 

President and Proprietor. 

CARDS— Good ciuality (for s hort time only) • 
15 cents per dozen ; 25 for only '25 cents. 

PRICES— 8x10, 29 cents, or 2 for :lo luuts, 
Larger, prices 25, ,50, 75f., and .^1.0(1, 

Engrossing and display worli of every de- 
scription to suit customers. I mai<e a spe- 
cialty of tliis liind of work. Jly work is 
lirat-clasp, aiu! prices reasonable. 


m FOR SALE. # 

Business College and School of 

Shorthand & Type-writing 

in Akron, Ohio. 

Good patronage. Other business 

the reason for selling. Address 

for particulass, 



Pen-Art Herald Office, 
One of the rising young penmen of 
the country, for the quality of 
whose work, both plain and orna- 
mental, the editor of the Herald 
will unhesitatingly vouch, desires to 
hear from ever}' one who receives 
this number, and for lOc, silver or 
stamps, will send specimens of his 
very best work. 

*"Peii *Stpokes% 


All who order the " GUIDE " 

within 30 days will receive a copy 

jpf "Pen Strokes" free. 




With Copy Slips on a New Plan. ^ 

Price of "Guide," 25c.; "Pen Strokes." 
15c.; "Chirographic Editors." lOc; Prize 
Specimens. lOc; Ornamental Specimens from 
the pen. 25c. When all are ordered at once, 
75c. Address, 

515 East State Street. 




, Of 

.vorld , 

O., Nov. 16. 1SK7.J 
Considerable of reliable hearsay and sonw 
what extended jwrsonal investigation in « 
Ijard to the work which the various School 
of Penmanship have been and are now doing 
compel me to affirm that, 
the Pen-Art headquarters of the i 
at Oherlin, Ohio. I experience a pardonable 
pride in referring to the fact that I am one 
of the numerous workers whose schooling 
was obtained under the tuition of Prof. U. 
McKee, the Commander-in-Chief of Obcrlin's 
pen forces. W. D. Siiowalter, Editor. 

Penma.nship Department, \ 

Ohio Business University, \ 
Cleveland. O., Nov. 16, 'ST.J 
1 take much pleasure in voluntarily assert- 
ing that for my success as a teacher of pen- 
manship, I am largely indebted to ray 
talented instructor in that art. Prof. U. Mc- 
Kee, Oherlin, O. I regard the school over 
which he presides as one of the very best in 
the country for preparing voung men and 
women for the profession of penmanship. 
S. E, Bartow, Principal. 

Yol. I. 



No. 4. 





" I suppose, Mr ■ Kinsley, that you will 
not object to answering some pointed 
questions in regard to your methods of 
teaching writing ? " 

"Oh, no sir. If by so doing lean contrib- 
ute to the general fund of leaching expe- 
rience which the Herald has started, I 
shall be glad to talk to you." 

ng the 

benefit of 

in addition 
the general 

t advisA' 
ble to give personal instruction ? " 

" My pi: 
struclion so that it will cover as large a 
field as possible, and to give tfmt first. 
The remaining portion of the time 1 spend 
in personally examining the work of each 
student, which I do systematically, and 
with ftxpediiion, so that a large number 
may bft carefully attended to in a short 
time. If I find a particular fault in the 
work of some one student which is nOT 
general, I point it out and suggest a 

" I cannot say that I use any method 
which is especially new. Of course, hav- 
ing charge of three hundred penmanship 
students daily, I get a good point occa- 
is to arrange my class tfl^'sionally. I try to get the student in a 
good position first of all, and then follow 
by moving the arm from left to right and 
in every direction, without a pen in hand. 
Then I try the dry pen exercise-making, 
tracing ovals without ink on the pen and 
follow with running oval. The first few 
lessons are spent in obtaining the best po- 
sition possible and developing movement, 
and the remaming lessons in obtaining 
'he best 

** Will you name some of your pupils Of 
whose proficiency you are esfiecially 
proud ? " 

" G. W. Wallace, who graduated froih 
our special penmanship department las 
.July, and who is now penman and secre- 
tary of the Wilmington, Delaware, Conl- 
mercial College, a yojng man of nineteen 
years, I consider the finest all-round peri- 
man of his age in this country. There are 
not three professionals of any age who can 
excel his flourishing. His writing is strong 
and bold and quite accurate. F. L. Ellett, 
Red Oak, Iowa, and D. I). Darby, of 
Northboro, Iowa, are good penmen, and 

" That's liberal. Thank you. Do you 
use pen and ink, blackboard or engraved 
copies in your classes ? " 

" In class-drill I use both blackboard 
and engraved copies. I write the copy 
on the board and analyze it to the be=t of 
ny ability. Each student is provided with 
ind the engraved copy 
1 front of him. I also 
llustrate and explain the 
1 to be common in the 
d to show how they may be cor- 
For special penmanship students 
who receive private or individual 

a package of slips 
is kept directly ii 
use the board to i 
faults which seen 


instruction — I write all copies on paper, 


remedy ; but I do not believe, as a rule, in 
consuming time by giving personal in- 
struction when the same thing is needed 
by the class." 

" Do you teach muscular m 
exclusively? " 

" Yes, I rarely mention any oth 
ment before a class. I find 
however, to direct a great many as to how 
to get along without the finger and whole- 
arm movements. In the Special Pen- 
manship Department a different plan is 
pursued, as I have a better control of the 
student there." 

" Have you any special methods of 
teaching the muscular I" 

thing that I can find to give a beginner an 
idea of what is meant by muscular move- 
ment is to place my left hand on his fore- 
arm, just forward of the elbow, and hold 
his hand in position by means of my right 
hand, while making some very simple 
tracing exercise. I find this to be better 
than an hour's talking." 

" Do you have trouble with lady pupils 
on account of tight sleeves ? " 

" Yes, I usually have a little trouble at 
the beginning of a term, but I speak 
plainly about the matter, condemning tight 
sleeves, bracelets, cuffs, wristlets or other 
paraphernalia with which it is fashionable 
to encumber the arm." 

are following an itinerant's life now. H. 
H. Kellogg, penman in the Anoka, Min- 
nesota. Business College, is a successful 
teacher. J. M. Davis has charge of the 
Commercial and I*enmanship depart- 
ments of the Nebraska Normal school, 
Madison, Nebraska, and J. C. Nelson is 
in Omaha, Nebraska. I have hundreds 
of pupils engaged in teaching in the public 
schools, who, although they do not fol- 
low penmanship as a profession, are fine 

" Have any of your lady pupils ever be- 
come skilled penmen ? " 

" No, but I have succeeded in turning 


out some very fair writers of the opposite 
'ipv. Yet with the same amount of effort 
on my part, and apparently due effort on 
theirs, I can produce fifty good wr 
among the boys where I can produce 
one among the ladies— I mean excellent 
writers. Nearly one-half of my three 
hundred writing pupils are ladies." 

The cultured and competent instructor 
in Penmanship, Commercial branches a 
Shorthand at The Modern Off 
Training Collilge, Columbus, was born 
at Warren, Ohio, November ii, 1866. 

His boyhood was spent upon his fath 
er's farm. Nature, however, did not in- 
tend that he should remain a tiller of the 
soil, in the literal meaning of the words^ 
but that he should, at a sufficiently ma- 
ture age, become a laborer in the vineyard 
,te intelUcts, in- 
VVe doubt not 
boyhood voca- 

slead of 
that he 1 

nd should ci 
and beai 
success ii 

in the 

The 01 

healthy z 

he has been a 
vineyard — ther 

with the farmer and teacher, 
deals with, principally, inanimate 
nd the other with the animate 
:al — both endeavoring to induce 
nd substantial growth and devel- 
opnaent ; both trying to remove obstacles 
which prevent proper expansion and culti- 
vation of existing and primary germs. Be- 
cause of this co-relation of professions, we 
account for the fact that the best teachers 
come from the farm. , . 

Mr. McKee's taste for penmanship was 
manifested at an early age. His first les- 
sons in writing were given him by S. P. 
Benjamin, an itinerant teacher Of him 
our subject purchased a cop> (If Mussel 

Normal School at Canfield, pursuing the I turbulem 

mmon branches," with a view to the start 

teaching. In this schoul all students wese reaching 

ititled to an hour's peninans>iti) instruc-ns an ex| 

tion free of charge iwjce a week The are acquainted, however, and which 

was under the charge ofT B Vay ]iui*ual]> precedes the dawn of a 

>ea of doubt, unable to return to 
ig point, and with lillle hope of 
peaceful haven beyond. This 
h which all learners 

= gained 

district school. During this tii 
his first experience as a teacher of writing. 
He had engaged for the second term, but 
receiving an offer of the position of assist- 
ant teacher of penmanship at the Normal, 
he resigned, and, during the four weeks 
intervening, drank from the " Fountain of 
Pen-art," the Oberlin College Depart- 
ment of Penmanship. 

The following year was spent as assist- 
ant penman in the Normal, in connection 
with pursuing a full commercial course 
successfully. At the end of the year he 
was chosen to represent his class in com- 
mencement exercises. By this time he 
had acquired a considerable knowledge of , 
teaching and of our profession, and was a 
subscriber to all of our penmanship papers. 
He now assumed entire charge of the pen- 
manship in both the Normal and the pub- 
lic schools of Canfield. At the close of ; 
the year he was earnestly sought to re- 
main, but desiring to labor in a larger 
6eld, accepted his present posit ic 
Columbus, which he is filling with honor 1 
to himself and satisfaction to all. 

C. E. McKee is one of the brightest of j 
the new stars in our calling. In execu-^ 
tlve ability he has few equals among our 1 
best professionals ; and as a teacher and 
man he is liberal, progressive and accom- 
plished. a member of the Presby- 
terian Church, and for his success in life 
— for he ts a success — he gives his mother 
the credit. Always anxious to encourage 
him and to stimulate him to nobler 
actions, her influence upon his life cannot ' 
fail to be apparent to all. 

H P, fiehtensmeyer will attend th 
■ Rapid^ convention. 

Th s \ei> beiutiful and elaborate bpei. 

man's Compendium, which constituted 
his only guide for a considerable time 
thereafter. At the age of fourteen he de- 
signed and executed a small piece of pen- 
drawing which was awarded first premmm 
at the county fair. It is useless to add 
that this early pen triumph acted as an in 
centive to continued effort ; and in the fall 
of 1883 he entered the Northeastern Ohio 

who required that the mmatlar and no 
other movement should be operated. 
This proved a serious matter for our young 
friend, as he had not been accustomed to 
anything of that sort. His muscles were 
wild and reckless and would not confine 
their wanderings to proper limits. One 
week in this class made of him — appar- 
ently — a chirographic wreck, floating in a 



Being of an experimental turn of mind, 
Mr. McKee kept working at odd mo- 
ments, until he succeeded in naturalizing 
his muscles to such an extent that practice 
became a pleasure, and he was often 
astonished at his own work. After two 
terms of schooling at the Normal, he 
taught, at the age of seventeen, his first 

E. M. Chartier will open the Texas 
Business College and Institute of Penman- 
ship at Paris, about January ist. 

G. B. Jones conducts a successful 
writing academy in Wilder's Arcade, 

J. W. Stoakes, Milan, Ohio, does fine 
automatic pen-lettering, and is the leading 
dealer in those i 




••-^1 y\'ith\s'hMiitiF> so Injuonihly UJeiifi^^^^^^- 


David BiBkBlu. E Pfltii Rnb^HilB. 
'-^'5) Richard ChutB^ (^^- " 

l"s paee of enecossiiig is pholo-engtaved from the original copy ol J. W. IIarkixs, of Curli^*' Business College, Minneapolis, Minnesota. In order to prescm it in tlie Herai n. «e have been compelled 
nlarge the si.te of the |)aper somewhat, but we think the great value of the cut justifies us in so doing. 


Zbc pen»Hrt 1F3ei*al& 

5 to lo. Sixty-five cents each. 
35 to 50, Rates mflde known on applii 
These rales include the "Alphabets" 

vsry Business or other kind of 


Entered at the Po 

In the early days of business college 
history it was customary to advertise to 
teach a certain "System" of writing — 
but that custom has be- 
come nearly obsolete. 
Is it pertinent to ask 
ourselves the cause of 
this state of desuetude? 
Does it argue thai our 
professionals no longer 
entertain any regard 
for spUf/i in their 
teaching ? Is it an in- 
dication of progress or 
retrogression ? 
/ We are inclined to 
believe that this stale 
of things is in perfect 
keeping with the gen- 
eral advancement in 
methods and ideas 
which has character- 
ized the last few yeais 
of our work. Teach- 
ers are doing their own j 
thinking, and are com- i 
ing to investigate for '■ 
themselves as to the I 
most practical ways of I 
attaining success in the 1 
writing class. To ad- ' 
mit that a "yi/c?// " is 
taught, would be equiv- 
alent 10 acknowledging 
that, because of a lack of i^cas of 
our own, we have adopted the ideas of 
some author who has probably had no 
actual teaching experience at all. System 
is not only commendable, but necessary ; 
a standard of form and idea is, likewise, 
a necessity ; but to utilize the opinions 
and productions of someone else, without 
proper investigation as to their merits or 
adaptability to our own purposes, is to 
make of ourselves teaching machines, in- 
stead of brain-endowed, living and capable 
instructors. -^ * * When Business 
Training schools were established. Com- 
MtRCK became one of the Professions. 
Reflecting on this fact, should we not 
occasionally compare the relation of Com- 
mercial Colleges to the profession of Bust 
NESS,with that of other schools to the call- 
ing for which they train our youth ? Is 
there not some doubt in your mind as to 
whether the Business school is the recog- 
nized channel of preparation for the re- 
quirements of actual life? Is it so re- 
garded by business men? In order to 

remove the serious and, lo some dei;ree, 
just complaints against our present sys- 
tem, it is necessary for teachers to breathe 
the air of actnalily and to strip their 
courses of study of everything which has 
not an important relation to the work of 
the business office. While business men 
cannot always be teacher?, teachers should 
always be thorough bi 

A correspondent suggests that there is 
a "marked difference between mtxe plain 
writing and practical v/x'\i\r\^." This differ- 
ence corner, doubtless, from the com- 
mendable — but overdone — efforts of some 
authors to simplify forms of letters in 
business writing. These abbreviations, 
while diminishing the number of strokes 
in a letter, do not preserve the individu- 
ality of the forms to such an extent that 
they may be rapidly made and still retain 
their legibilit)^ — without which all writing 
is worthless. 

Rivalry in 
to be peculiai 
back-biting, if 

business college work se 
ly productive of jealousy 
we are to judge from a n 

lonih, we are pleased lo present in full, 
) below, a copy of the 


At Ced^r Rapids, lown, beginning Monday, 
ec. 36, 1887, and lasting five days. 

Orj^anizalion and rcpoit of Secretary and Treas- 
M. — ADDRESS OK WELCOME. — (To be supplied.) 

Opened by I. W. Pie 

Muscular Movement. A. J, Scarborough. 

Penmanship in business colleges. G. W. Brown. 

Diills in business writ ing. E. H. Robbins. 

Address— Illustrated. 
Forged and Disguised Writing. D. T. Ames. 

8:30 to 9:30 P. M. 
Flourishing. A. H. Hinman. 

9-30 to 'o P- M. 

Lesson lo advanced pupils, D. W. Hoff. 

ollowed by the 

9:3010 10:30 A. M. 
What shall we do to raise the standard c 
manship in the public schools? W. N. Ferri 

sentence writing. 

10:3010 11:30 A. M. 
Abbreviated Capitals. C. N. Crandle. 

Election of officers and general business. 

s college, George 


ber of instances brought to c 
We cannot see why honorable competition 
should sever friendly or fraternal lies, but 
it rarely fails to do this. Teachers and 
educators, however, who are of sufficiently 
broad and liberal views to render them de- 
serving of the titles, will not dishonor 
themselves or their calling by denouncing 
a brother as a rogue, ignoramus and gen- 
eral scoundrel, simply because he may 
operate a school in their own immediate 
territory. Such tactics do not serve to 
gain for anyone the favor of the intelligent, 
and are the means of lowering the status 
of the calling in the eyes of the disinter- 


.\bout the time this issue of the 
Herald reaches its readers, an important 
educational meeting will be about to 
convene out in Iowa. While the report 
of its proceedings must wait until next 

conduct classes ? A general 
by A. E. Parsons. 

Evening — Enteriai 

/ should they organize a 

My method of teaching business | 
^. ti. Hinman. 

11:3010 ta A. M. 
Miscellaneous topics. 

Music as an adjunct in leacliing nic 
I. Rathbun. 

Business Writing. W. H. Whigani. 

Miscellaneous topics and discussions. 

An exi)errence meeting. 

Methods of leaching large c 

C. H. Pierce, 
E, K. Isaacs. 

BY E. K. Isaacs, Valparaiso, Ind. 

The original of the illustration on 
:uted some four years 
ago, which explains 
the "greeting "on the 
card in the foreground. 
While some of the 
Herald readers may 
have seen this piece 
nf flourishing before, 
I am quite certain it 
will be new to a great 
majority, and in a re- 
sponse to a request 
from the editor to 
"give the boys some- 
thing to work at for 
a month or two," I 
"give" this design 
with the earnest hope 
that the boys, and 
girls, too, may find 
something in it worlihy 
of study and imitation. 
The original was 
about three times the 
size of cut. It was 
photo-engraved — not 

At first sight the 
learner will probably 
exclaim: "O, that's 
loo fine and compli- 
make that!" But do 
your conclusions. By 
study you will observe a 
pervading the whole, and 


not be too hasty 

more careful st 

certain systt 


you get anything systematized,, 
it will appear simple to you. 

Notice that the cluster of branches are 
arranged systematically, those extending- 
toward the right having their complemen- 
tary ones at the left. The learner may 
sketch in these branches with lead-pencil — 
that is, the stem or centre line of each 
branch may be sketched in lightly with, 
pencil, in order to get the different 
branches located properly. Lay off your 
design twice the size of the copy, and 
by "twice the size" is meant twice the 
dimensions each way, making it really four 
times as large as original. 

In all your flourishing, try to make the 
lines cross each other at right angles or 
nearly so. Owing to the multiplicity of 
lines in accompanying design, the critical 
eye may discover some exceptions to this 
rule ; but in the main it has. been carried 


out. Even the branches dropping down- 
ward or extending heavenward are seem- 
ingly cognizant of this rule, and "cross 

each olhe 
I am S( 

at right angles o 
newhal curious 


many strokes thi: 
never had the time or patience to count 
them. I shall remunerate in some way 
any of the Herald learners who may 
have the time and patience to count the 
strokes — excluding the stipple work and 
lettering — and who will report the same to 
me or through the Herald. 

I shall also be very much pleased to 
receive specimens from all who may feel 
that they are making a reasonable success 
of this design. 



We present the accompanying piece of 
pen drawing as a specimen of ornamental 
penmanship and believe that those of our 
readers who feel disposed to try copying 
it will find as easy a design as they 
have ever attempted to execute. 

No one is prepared to begin 
the study of ornamental penman- 
ship, however, without first sup- 
plying himself with a set of draw- 
ing instruments. These may be 
had at any book store. 

In making an elaborate piece 
of pen-work, the part on which 
you are most uncertain should be 
made first. That is, if you de- 
sire to execute a piece of work 
containing both pen drawing and 
flourishing, you should, soj^r" 3s 
possible, make the flourish first, 
for the reason that in making 
rapid flourishes you are much 
more unlikely to get your best 

In this design make the large 

him to spend most of his time on some- 
thing which does not pertain to that posi- 
tion in any way ? 

No? Then why do you compel stu- 
dents in bookkeeping to work so hard 
acquiring a slow, shaded handwriting, 
which they cannot use satisfactorily in 
business ? Business men do not want 
shaded writing in their books ! They 
want rapid, unshaded, unflourished, neat 
and legible penmanship — not only for 
their books but for their correspondence. 
/ have talked to than about this matter 

and know that I sptak thi 
A short time ago I wr( 
of a journal, one written 
shaded hand, the othe 
shaded hand (and ma 
than any six 
and took the 


ip two pages 
smooth, un- 
ither in a smooth 
many limes better 
student could write), 
If, to all the promi- 
in Des Moines, in- 

cluding all the wholesale houses where 
the largest salaries are paid bookkeepers, 
and I have found but one man who 
favored the shaded writing, and he is pro- 
prietor of a small tailor shop, and I do 
not suppose his books are very extensive. 

Than whom there is no better pen 
artist among the ladies of our country, 
was formally introduced to the shifting 
scenes of planetary life, in Mt. Morri 
Illinois, twenty-one years before this issi 
of the Pen-Art Herald came from tl 
press. At the age of eighteen she ha 
completed the high school and universi 
of study, and since that time hi 

cle (In 
ake the 


? you fail 
s you desi 
t by taking 
encing aga 

pencil. Next 
s on the sides 

get them 
but little 

new sheet 

carefully. If yo 
pallet of proper 

t the pallet and brushes 

1 have not a paste board 

ize to get the outline 

; the one given in the 

design on thin paper. 

Shade the brushes and branches next 
taking special care with all the details. 
The last thing done should be to trace 
the outline of the pallet with a pen. 

One of the greatest difficulties with 
beginners is to stop when they have 
finished a design. The secret of success 
in producing first class ornamental pen- 
work lies largely in getting an artistic 
appearance with as few strokes as possi- 

Article on first page of October num- 
ber of Herald, entitled, " Teaching 
Business Writing," has been eagerly read 
by me. 

If you were preparing a young man for 
a district school teacher, would you com- 
pel him to spend most of his time try- 
ing to get a little Greek? If you were 
training a young man for any vocation 
would it be doing him justice to compel 

pen and ink copy executed by Misf 

pany her article on pen-drawing 



larger the establishment the louder they 
spoke in favor of the unshaded and 
against the shaded writing. I consider 
this a fair and impartial test of the style 
of penmanship demanded by business 

Penmen who teach slow, shaded writ- 
ing to a student in bookkeeping are mak- 
ing a great mistake. They ought not to 
waste the valuable time of any young 
man by having him learn that which is 
of no real benefit to him, and, 
cases, a real hindrance. 

I teach students in bookkeeping noth- 
ing hut a plain, rapid style, with no shade 
whatever, and no flourish. I make two 
essentials to business writing : Kitst, 
legibility ; second, rapidity. This morn- 
ing three students in my class wrote the 
word " shell " twenty-nine times in thirty 
seconds, and over forty got twenty-five 
words in the same time, and every word 
perfectly legible. 

G.. J. Kretchmer, Cleveland, executes, 
talks, dreams, and sings fine penmanship. 
He is doing some excellent work in all 
branches of the art. 

taken a commercial course and acquired 
the greater part of her skill with the pen- 
It is needless to refer to the fact that 
it is only within comparatively re 
years that ladies have seen fit to culti 
the art of fine penmanship, either as a 
sirable accomplishment or for professional 
uses. It would seem, however, that, as 
far as natural capability for and adaptation 
to this work, counts in attaining profi- 
ciency in pen-art, the milder sex must 
ever claim the ascendency. Woman's 
proverbial inherent appreciation of the 
beautiful, her superior taste and delicate 
sensibility ; her critical eye and her com- 
parative and analytical tendencies, all 

the hif 


any branch of penmanship within her im- 
mediate reach. Reflecting, then, that for 
every year of her life there are, in our 
own country, at least a million of women 
with sufficient natural ability to gain an 
equal amount of skill with an instrument 
which every one of them use, daily, we 
not help concluding that Miss Nintin 
leserving of all ho.ior for her acknowl- 
edged superiority in the realm of the 
' Queen of Arts." 
Her instruction in penmanship was ob- 

tained, mainly, from Professor A. M. 
Hargis, one of the proprietors of the 
Grand Island Business College, in which 
institution she is now teaching. 

We are glad to be able to present, in 
this issue, the first of a series of illus- 
trated articles on ornamental penmanship, 
from the pen of this distinguished lady — 
accompanied by her portrait and auto- 
graph ; and we can assure our friends that 
in her designs and instructions they will 
ever find much of interest, merit and 
value. On behalf of the profession it 
espouses, the Herald says, in emphatic 
tones, and heartily. Long live the Queen 
OF Pen-Art ! 

The fact that you cannot enjoy the per- 
sonal instruction of some professional 
teacher is no reason why you should de- 
spair of learning the art of penmanship. 
■In fact, if you properly use the means 
right at your command, there is little need 
of taking a costly course in some distant 
school. Only keep one thing forever be- 
fore your eyes — that \%^ you have 
brains, tnttikct^ intelligence^ mind, 
and reason, with muscles which 
need to be properly trained by 
these forces, and it matters little 
whether you ever see a more skill- 
ful penman than yourself— suc- 
cess is certain. There is noth- 
ing which will take the place of 
thinking. Throw off the shackles 
of ignorance, and determine to 
investigate and < 
Jiave before yo 
tractive specime 
try to find out v 

ing is required before you will be 
able to equal it. Do not allow 
dazzling results to dumfound you. 
Admiration is not coupled with 
wonder when brains are back of 
it. The class of people who are 
easily amazed at a new thing are 
not the class who excel in their 
different lines of work. Wonder 
never discovered a hidden rea- 
son, or unearthed a buried theory. 
In learning penmanship the exer- 
cise of brain-force is just as necessary as it 
is in the pursuit of the most difficult of 
scientific investigation. 

Do not look at a meritorious piece of 
pen-work, and exclaim: "Elegant! I 
don't see how it is possible to do such fine 
work with a pen I " That is wonder. But 
rather talk after this fashion : "This piece 
appears to be very skillfully done; but I'll 
systematize its parts, become acquainted 
with the causes which produced it, and see 
how well the author has exercised them." 
That is admiration coupled with intelli- 

The Writing Teacher, Richmond, Va., 
is now a twenty-four-page magazine. The 
last issue is a gem, and should be examined 
by everyone who loves penmanship or its 

E. L. Burnett is the " Representative " 
scribe whose sketch and portrait appear in 
the last Art Journal. He well deserves the 

The IVesttrn Penman promises an un- 
usually fine number for December. The 
*Iovember issue contains an excellent 
pecimen of pen-art from the hand of 
Professor H. J. Putman. 

Dmpare. If you 
I a specially at- 
I of penmanship, 
hat kind of train- 




In this issue of the Herat.d we present a series of movement exercises 
beginning each line with a plain business capital, with several small letters, for the 
purpose of sliding the hand on the paper as the pupil writes, and ending the line 
with a plain capital. 

Notice the form of capital A, close the top, make last downward stroke 
straight, and finish with a right curve one space high. Practice this letter for at 
least five minutes, using the utmost care with each effort. Now take the exercise in 
the first copy. Combine capital A, five small n's and capital S without lifting the 
pen. It would be well for the pupil to practice the capital S for five or ten 
minutes. Before making the exercise notice the first stroke of capital S ; make a 
full right curve, turning short at the top and finishing with a free slide of the hand, 
lifting the |)en on the first line a little below the crossing. Practice this 
until you have the ability m slide the little finger on the paper with ease. 

y<y ■ - - 

In making capital B you will notice that the pen was lifted at the bottom of 
the first downward stroke. In this letter do not try to retrace from the bottom of 
the first stroke to finish the letter. If you do retrace the result will, 
probably, be a loop; besides you cannot make a graceful capital B with the com- 
bined stroke, therefore we prefer lifting the pen at the bottom of all such strokes. 
Begin the finishing part as shown in first capital B. The top and the bottom of 
this letter should be of equal width, forming the loop inside of the finishing part and 
as near half the heighf of the letter as possible. After practicing the capital B a 
few minutes, join the small o's without lifting the pen, and at the end of the small o 
exercise, make the first part of capital H as illustrated in copy. The pupil, by 
observing each stroke carefully, can get the impression on his mind, so that the 
stroke may be reproduced on paper intelligently. Practice this exercise some 
thing less than three thousand times, closing each small o at the top and making 
five letters in each exercise. 

The above line is one of great importance to the beginner. After practicing 
the capital C, as illustrated, join several small a's and follow with the first part of 
the capital M. Do not lift the pen after the first stroke of a small 
making the first part of the capital M, place the i)en on about mid-height 
the first part of the letter and finish without lifting the pen. Make each part of thi 
capital M round at the top and be sure not to omit the finishing stroke. Study 
carefully the first part of the capital C. The common fault in that letter, is 
make the loop too small. A few hundred studied trials at this exercise will gi 
you a very good idea of its nature. 

Practice ou the capital D after giving it careful study in regard to the loop 
base line, also the finishing loop at the top. Avoid making the letter loo wic 
After you can make the U quite well or can slide the hand with ease, join the ; 
small v's finishing with the first part of the capital N. In making the small 
exercise, notice each letter is round at the top, having a short turn at the base lir 
The faults to avoid in this exercise are, (i) making the letter sharp at the top aft 
first part. (2) Sharp at the bottom. (3) Closing the letter at the top so that it wou 
look too much like a small o. Finish the capital N the same as M, except the last 
part of the N is a little higher than the last part of the M 

The capital E is considered by many to be the most difficult capital in the 
alphabet. Don't let this expression discourage you. We think if you have acquired 
I good free movement and understand the form of the letter, it will be quite easy to 

■e it in your imagination. Notice closely th 
1 fault is to make the first part of the capital 
Notice that the lower part or oval of the letter 
s given for the capital O, the E and O being 
- well, we have practiced certain 

In this 

place the form on paper, as yi 

lop of the capital E, The cc 

too straight, making the letlei 

has a broad turn at base the 1 

■similar in this respect. If we 

parts of the other letter. Avoid making the first part of the capital E too small 

This is the common fault. Make the small e exercise and follow with the first stroke 

of capital X. The last part of the X should be made with a rapid movement and 

finished the same as a small letter, lie sure to get a loop on each small e and 

make the letters one space high, or, in other word«, one small e should occupy one- 

iourlh the space between the ruled lines of your paper. The downward stroke of 

the small t 

light, making the ( 

I little above the basi 

Practice the first stroke of capital F until you can make the proper curve al 
top and bottom. Make the top, or cap of letter, with a free slide of the hand 
formmg a double curve; leave a little space between the two parts. The characteristic 
mark of the F should be made last. You will observe we make small 
out loop at top. Practice this exercise with rapid movement and make a capital G 
at the end of each trial. Study the G carefully. First stroke full curve, short 
turn at top--cross first about in centre and finish as per copy. 

Havmg explained the capital G in the line with F, we will simply speak of th. 
w and V exercise. In the above copy notice the finish of the small w is the same a 
the last part of the v. All parts of the w should be sharp at the top. The com 
mon fault m m.iking the small w is in getting it too wide. Practice this exercise 
with care. 1 he capital V is round both at top and base, with finishing stroke two 
spaces high, or two-thirds as high as the letter. 

have given a com- 
bination of seven small r's, following the 
capital H. The pupil should study caie- 
fully the top of the small r. Notice after 
making the first stroke, the next line re- 
traces the first a very little, making a short 
curve for what is termed the shoulder 
stroke, then finishing as you would finish 
the small n, that is, straight line and 
right curve. The small r should be 
made one fourth of a space higher than 
the other short letters given in this 
lesson. The object of making r higher 
is to give it a more graceful ap- 
pearance and belter proportion. The k 
at the end of this line, first part same as 
capital H, the difference being in the 
finishing part. Notice that the double 
curve at the top of the finishing part joins 
the first part of the letter about one and 
one half spaces above the base line; at 
that point make a very short curve joining 
the straight line and finishing the same as 
The common fault with the be- 
n making a smalt r is getting a 
loop at the top and forming an angle at 
the shoulder part of the letter, thus mak- 
ng it too flat on the lop, and otherwise 
poiling the appearance of the letter. Any 
eader of the Hkrald who is interested in 
he work and feels that he v;ould like to 
isk any question in regard to teaching the 
ubject ot penmanship in common schools 
nay be perfectly free to write to the 
lulhor of this series of lessons. The 
questions will be answered through the 
columns Of the Herald each month. All 
s pertaining to this course of 
lessons should be addressed to C. N, 
Crandle, Dixon, 111. And in order to 
have the answer appear in the issue of the 
Herald which will contain my next 
lesson, the questions should be in my 
possession at the earliest possible date. 
In our next we will give a series of ex- 
ercises of vast importance, not only to 
the pupil of the public school, but espe- 
cially to the amateur penmen and teachers. 
Dixon 111., December, 1887. 

The real heroes of a crusade are not al- 
ways those wearing the brilliant plumage 
of leaders, but more frequently are they 
the honest, sturdy, hard-working toilers, 
who bear the burdens in the torrid noon- 
day sun of discouragement, and who seek 
only to find their duty that they may 
bravely perform it — not those who, in fe- 
verish haste to become great, attempt to 

scale the heights at a single glorious 

Our good friend. Professor C. E. Jones, 
principal of the Commercial and Penman- 
ship departments of Tabor College, out in 
Iowa, is such a worthy example of manly 
manhood in the school-room, in private 
life and in our profession, that we have 
determined to tell the readers of the Her- 
ald something about him, and with his 
consent — given somewtiat reluctantly — 
we are pleased to present, in the above 
cut, a reflection of his features, by which 
he may be identified at the Cedar Rapids 
Convention during the holidays. 

Mr. Jones was unknown to the census 
takers until May 151,1863. He had no 
schooling of any kind until twelve years of 
age, and then only such as was furnished 
by frontier schools. At the age of fifteen 
his i>arents removed to Fremont City, 
Iowa, where he attended town schools for 
two years, beginning to teach at the end 
of that time. By means of teaching in 
district schools, and doing other work, he 
procured sufficient means to carry him 
through to the senior year of a classical 
course of study. He graduated from 
Eastman's College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y., 
in February, 1S84, and took a special pen- 
manship course at the same institution in 
1886. He had, about this time, a good 
wholesome taste of the itinerant work of a 
writing teacher, and, in 1886, assumed the 
principalship of the Tabor College busi- 
ness department. He commenced here 
with comparatively a complete dearth of 
students, but, by energy and hard labor, 
has created a first-class, practical training 
school, and, during the last six months, 
has enrolled one hundred and forty stu- 

He was one of the prime workers in the 
movement to establish an independent 
National Penn 

eled a dis 

sofa tho 

liles to 

attend i 


Mr. Jones, in addition to being a pro- 
ficient artist in other branches of penman- 
ship, is one of the leading automatic pen 
artists of the country, and is a successful 
teacher of everything connected with his 


He is a firm and 
the Herald, and is 
extent, for the rapid j 

ubstantial friend of 





: of pen-work 1 

pay (lom 25c. to $100. he will 
do ii lor you and guHrantee s 
JWSend for Circulars 

Penmen's Supplies 

Sent post-paid on receipl of pijcc. except ink. 

(slLLOiTT's 604. the very nnest and best pen made 
for Winitig and Flouiishing, V gross 25c, i gross 
851^ 2 gross $1.50. GiLLOTir'* J03, for Leltering. 
Drwwrng and stow Writing, i£ gross 35c, 1 gross 

..a, 3!*. 3. a 


broad poini 

l^etlenng-, i 

IS ihe 

irj^esl , assort 



largest; asso 

Our Premium Offera 

Illy and 

gl.l¥lLAMP, Q, 

iNt per pint, by < 
Jrirge stick, $i. Ink 
MENT. \6xa2in.. 6< 




Fine Card Writing. 

Having so many calls for my caids. I will offer to 

12 Cards, with your name written in several vari- 
eties of style 25c 

I Set o( Off-Hand Capitals zoc 

I Elegantly Flourished Bird 250 

"l belipve young BehFensmeyer to be 
penman of his age in the world. If there 
equal him, I don't know it. Few of the professionals 

P R I N Cll P A L 


PROF. W. W, BENNET r, the World-Renowned and Champion Penman, offers superior advantages 
to young penmen and others wishing to Icirn to write an accurate hand with a good movement. NOTH- 
ING BUT PLAIN PENMANSHIP WILL BE TAUGHT. We do not teach flourishing or pen- 
drawing, as wc believe it is time thrown away, and it is wrong to induce students lo learn it, from the fact 
it is of no service to (hem any more than to use ii to mislead others m ihe same way. 

Three Months' Teachers Course $25,00. | Six Months' Teacher's Course $45 oa 

Send for College Journal. Sample Copy free. $1.00 per year with fine premium. 

You Ourrlit to See the Rest of It 

, Baltin 

, Md. 

■' I would give all I possess for such a ( 
of(lhe pen.'— F. S. Heath, Epsom, N, H. 

"I have no hesitation, whatever, in pronouncin 
you the finest penman of your age in the world '*- 
M. B, Moore, Morgan. Ky. 
Address all orders to 


Gem City Business College, Quincy, III 
\. B.— Posial Cards go 10 Ihe waste basket. 

Headquarters for Patent Oblique Pen-Hofders. 

Manufact ured only by Holcomb & Co. 

only H. 



imcns of Flourishing, your name 

1 styles, ALL FOR - 

zen cards in i dozen 
in from 50 

. 2sc. and upwards. Engrossing and all 
f pen-work executed to order. 



562 Pearl Street, 
Cleveland, O. 

all desired accuracy 
1 grace, that of Prof, 
surpassed. His work 
long the skilled chirog- 

S. E. Bartow cannot easi] 
entitles him 10 a high pla< 
raphers of our calling. 

Pen-Arl Herald.* 
Your specimen letter is excellent. R. S, Collins. 
You are a wonderful penman. R. W. Wood. 

Specimens of Flourishing, 

Which are conceded to be as tine as the finest 
will be sent on receipt of 24 cents. Lessons in 
Flourishing by mail, 60 cents each, or ifb for 
twelve lessons. Address, 


tablished, and we 
be found fully w 

BETS, a review of which will be found on another 
To all wlio send us their subsciiptiou, accompa- 

Messrs. Putman & Kinsley. A full des 
the work will be found in their advertiseii 

Will you take advantage of them at once* 


Gold, Honor and Success 

Training in 

IN GOLD and a 
PLOMA given free 
10 every purchaser 
king the best im- 
t out of ev- 

plan of giving these free gifts we 

imber of books and bring forth bet- 

our customers ; hence, we can well 

afford 10 give them until our system is introduced 

into every English speaking family. 

Hundreds of young men and women are making 

th by teaching our system in the evenings 

r book. You can do the s. 

It is the 
:nted. It proves 


50 CE^TTS. 

In auswering this advertisement please 
do not forget to enclose a postal note for 
fifty cents and state clearly the number of 
the specimen you desire. 

1st. — Scrap book specimen, embracing 
flourishing, writing and lettering. 

2d. — Flourished bird on nest. 

3rd.— Flourished 8wan with scroll work. 

•ith. — Set of capitals with elaborate head- 

5th.— A design flourished in imitation of 
any copy you may send. Will send a per- 
sonal letter with each order for any one of 
the above designs. 





all parts of 1 

honesty, as our in: 
book will show. 
Pknmakship als' 
teaching classes. 

i world for Si: 

tifuUy bound 

and yet the chespeet 
^ostage prepaid, to 
; CENTS, and pre- 

s you all about organizing and 

classes, or selling the book. 

Send 60 cents and join 01 
improve your writing, make 


— 3sr o -? — 


8. 1, handle, Peiiiiian and KM, 


S30-00 03SriL,-2" 


FREE ! ^:^^.^:^;'^j^^::::;:\^:;:::j 

Board $1.40, $1.70 and $2.00 Per Week 

manship, including Rapid 
img, Card^riting, Black- 
grossing, De- 
1 kinds of Pen Work f 

shed Roon 

;*T Writing. Orchestral and Ba 

Kf.iry and Teach.^rs' Training. 

30 Cts. and 50 Cts. Per Week. 

— :) A:R:T:I:S:T:I:C S:P;E:C:I:M:E:N;S (:— 
The following named designs are decidedly original and all worked in India ink. 
Pkick. No, 

9. Beautiful Parlor Design, Pen Drawing of 

Wants to send yon bis Circui 
name on a card with the Aulo 
Will Bend him a 2-cent stamp. 

iid put your 
c Pen. if you 

for complete outfit for beginners, consisting of 
one Automatic Pen, 2 ink powders, set of Al- 
phabets, and complete instructions for begin- 
ners, a'l postpaid. 



lung — Book Form 


Cross with Flowers, Bible on Table, Let- 

termg and Border. 16x20 — Superb ji< 

let of Capiials, Bird Flourish, and Plain 

Writing in Form of Letter 

wemy-five Cards written in as many 

nan Nonhern Indiana Normal School, Valpa- 
, Ind., will send you beautiful specimens of 

Whiting, FLotJitisHmc and Ai;tomatic, for 25c. 

Circulars and Caialogue free. 


. Herald." 


The Automatic Shading Pen 






Box 256, 


mp to pay for posiage. 


IN — 

Automatic pennjan^Jip. 

every one taking lessons who is willing to work. 

No etiident has failed yet, and I have bad 

To my knowledRe. no one else teaches Auto- 
matic Penmanship by mail. 


This is one of the most beautiful kinds of pen 
work and is within the reach of everyone, cer- 
tain, who will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after six les- 
sons. All copies are fsesh from my pen. 

PBIMS. ^ y 

12 Lessons '.'.^ .v $3 60 

24 LesBonS '> .-. 5 jbO 

Alphabets, each. 15 

. Handsome Motto, siee 7x20 lettered and 

ornamented in a variety of colors 20 

1 Automatic Shttdinjfl'eD ^. -.*-■», -* '■ 

5 Automatic Shading (BSHorted) ?TO0 

b assorted powders for malting ink for same 25 

12 Ornamented designs , 1 00 

Cards, per doz 30 



Jones is one of the very finest Automatic pen 

Tfie WesUrn Pfnman. 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been reduced to a fine point bvC. E. Jones. 
Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tabor, Iowa College. That he has also the fac- 
ulty of imaprting skill to others is attested by 
numerous specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to sec. 

The Pen Art Herald 

Voii have now examined a copy of < 
it is safe to say that you have formed 
of it. Whether this impression be adverse or favor- 
able, the HekALO wishes to hear from you without 
delay. In the event that you have discovered in this 
issue some feature of merit which has pleased you, 
we shall esteem it a favor to be made 


A New Work. New Plan. Admirably Arranged. Elegantly En- 
graved. Finest of Heavy Paper. Best of Printing. 
Half the Usual Price. 


11 copper, printed from ston( 
; n~o rehash. There are uvo parts , 

n slips. These slips are not bound and a 
slips devoted I 

, kind of very heavy 

giving liftv-five different 
letters are given in the order in which they should be tailghi 

A great variety of words, introducing nothing but small letters. The finest set of pli 

but small letters. The finest set of pliiin capitals 
Following the letter given for practice, comes a short word introducing the capital, fol- 
lowed' by a short sentence, starting with the same capital. 

_i _.j 1 (■„._«■ i;_..» »«^ „ -,™.,. .......^.^t.. .^r ..««, .^gj-cia! abbreviations 

e prominent features. One shp of solid writing is given. 


accompany the slips. This is the r 

I Book ■' to 

given in connection with a work of this kind. 

It contains chapters on "Materials," " rosilion." (giving cuts), " I- c 

'■ General Information." There are twenty lessons mapped out. 

The slips and " Instruction Book " are enclosed in a neat and substantial 
The reader may think from the generous use of the adjectives in this advertii 

been employed to write up "ads" for Barnuin's Cii 

pronnnent penmen and educators, and the best of ' 

complete ont 
' Movement,' 

penmanship papers a 

find below a few opinio 
have more of them. Watch the < 

International Exponent " and Priti. of Altoona (Pa.) Bus. Coll.; 

It is the finest thing in the form of a compendium I have 

M. DAvrs, Prin. Com'l and Pen. Dept's North Neb. Normal College. Madison. Neb.:— 
ed your ' ' Series of Lessons in Plain Writing " and pronounce it complete and perfect. It 
iny similar pulilicaiion 1 have seen. The arrangement of the copies, together with the full 
iRke it .A valuable aid to the teacher of penmanship as well as to the beginner. 
N Fekkis, Prin. Big Rapids (Mich.) Industrial School: — I shall say a good word for your 
beautiful work. You deserve to n;ap a rich reward, and if the people can learn of the existence of your 

the " Lessons." Collect all other " Compendi 
(ftmpare. One can be ordered in this manner, ai 
want copies-. — If this work is not better arranged, 

n and school. A liberal discount given. Money c 

ing. send for a copy of 
'111 prevent defrauding 
lot a better quality of 1 
thing published, we w 
retunied in good condition. 

be made selling 
■ Lessons " and 
; people who 

k, printing, paper, \ 

V that \S, nealS^r 

P. O. Box 787, Shenandi 

Wri§^t*s Bookkeeping Simplified— A Key to Double Entty 

\ a full 
New York t.C 

, brimful and overflowing with lightning methods and short roads to results. It coti 
3ks, conducted through two months" business-like and scientific routine, showing th 
ethod of opening, keeping, and dosing books, exhibiting gain or toss, assets and lia 
f bookkeeper in 1,000 irho knnn's how to clnsr hooks 'properly, monthly 

-methods tl 
hence methods \( 

li-sguided judgment by reading this 

•\ of bookkeeping 
upon the boundaries of 

. cadence n 

ng all others in point of merit : nd p 

' 24-paK'; De- 

P. A. WRIGHT Author and Publisher 769 BROADWA f, N. Y. 


will be worth 


fault to find with ^hi 
ever, we retjuest that, before you 
you inform us of the defect- 
m;ike our Hekai.d valuable and 
that end welcome honest crilictsn 
All doubt of the pci 

and if you think ihe paper 
; amount of our subscrip- 
s pleasure to enroll you as 
ne. If you have any serious 
periodical, how- 

We i 

; thai 

is incurred through patronising our paper. 

Unless your subscription is sent in you will noi 
likely to see another copy of the Pen Akt Hera 
as we take it for granted that you desire 10 pay 
what you get. 

Soliciting your patronage on our merits alone, 
trusting that the pleasure of enrolling you and yc 
as subscribers and friends to the periodical may s 

The Ni:w York Scientific Times has this to say of Short-Hand : 

" One of the Most Useful Accomplishments a young man of the present day can have at 
command is the art of short-hand writing. It is Called fob in a TnotJSAND Different Walks 
IK Life, and those who are thorough masters of it can Always Command Large Sai.ariics in 
one capacity or another." 

SYSTEMS of Short-Hand are numerous, and all have advocates and followers, but 
the ECLECTIC— on account of its great simplicity and brevity — is now almost univer- 
sally regarded as superior to all others. 

THE OHIO BUSINESS UNIVERSITY, among other modern advantages, lias a 
complete department of ECLECTIC SHORT-HAND, and is fully prepared to impart 
the best of training in this useful and practical branch of a commeroial course. 

All who are in any manner interested in Short-Hand. Type-Writing, Plain and 
Ornamental Penmanship or Business Education are invited to write for a free copy of 
Thb Univeksitv Exi'ONENT, a journal devoted to Practical Education and containing 
attractive specimens of Pen Art. Mention Hf.iiALi), and address. 

President Ohio Business I'niversity, 


CARDS— Good quftllty(for shorttinie onl] 
15 centt per dozen ; 2o for only 2.) cents. 


PRICES— KxiO, 2!) cents, or 2 for 30 cents 
Larger, prices 25, TiO, "ric, and $1.00. 


Engrossing and display work of every de^ 
scrlptlon to suit customers. I make 
clalty of this kind of work. My work 
Arat-clas?, anrl prices reasoiiahlc. 



J. F. FISH, Cleveland, Ohio 



ook-keeping, Penmanship' 

I Shori-Hand. Type Writing, Nor- 

nal Studies and Automatic Letter- 

Tlioroughly Taught 


Business College 


OMiqne [loldeif. 

Send for Price List of Michael's 
Compendium, Copy Pooks of Rap- 
id Writing. Practice Paper, Black 
Ink, 'French Pens add Oblique 
Holders. The very best articles for 
Writing Schools and Public 


*"Peii strokes"* 


All who order the "GUIDE" 
within 30 days will receive a copy 

of "Pen Strokes" free. 



Guide °Penniaiigliip 

With Copy Slips on a New Plan. 

Price of "Guide." 25c.: "Pen Strokes." 
15c.;, "Chirographic Editors.'" lOc; Prize 
Specimens, \Qc.; Omanientul Specimens from 
the pen, 25c. "When all are ordered at once, 


515 Enst Stntc- S 


Yol. I. 


No. 6. 

Prominent in the front row of An 
an ink adjusters stand fivej'cww^j 
'hose penmanistic attainments 



I amateurs. Much of the beaiily ofhis 
' work lies in the contrast between his 
I light and shaded strokes. The finest 
I specimen of his work ever published 
appeared in the October issue of the 

ed in the 
when he 

ment. Their names are h 
most of the chirographic devi 
there can scarcely be a questi 
one's mind as to who they ar( 

Henry P. Behrensmeyer 
nineteen years of age. We 
first noticing his name nientlo 
Journal, several years ago, 
was at the Chaddock College of Quincy; 
Illinois. Later he 1 
with the Gem City 
College, and is, with- 
out doubt, the finest 
penmat\ that famous 
institution ever pro- 
duced. He is em- 
ployed as corres- 
pondent for that 
school. His writing 
is AE graceful as the 
poise of a swan's 
neck, yet as accurate 
and thoroughly bal- 
anced as though cut 
on steel by a skilled 

Henry's letters are 
always full of jollity 
and Bill Nye de- 
scriptions of his cur- 
rent pastimes or ad- 
ventures, with an oc- 
casional reference to 
isomeone — a young 
lady, we think — who 
helps him enjoy the 
play occasionally, 
prefers Kate 
Castleton comedy to 
Irving's Faust, chiefly beca 
*'oii't stop at Quincy. 

One night in the summer of "84 we 
were passing down the stairway of 
Michael's National Pen-Art Hall at: 
Oberlin, Ohio, and became engaged in 
conversation with a pale, tall and 
sparely constructed young man, who 
had outgrown, we judge, about seven- 
teen successive almanacs. There was 
nothing remarkable in his appearance, 

spattered i 
by the wr 
of Mr. Pr 
is wholly 
boy yet, b' 

fact that foi 
rubbed elbows 
k at the same tabl 




the i 

The pla 
the enthus 
tent and c 

use of the word 
ion with the name 
ist be understood, 
; he looks like a 
It he has a dignified bearing 
, impressive style of conver- 
ch at once disarms one of 
lion that he is a youth men- 


writing of 01 
de attention 

friend has 
nd elicited 

repairs the student receives at Oberlin, 
confirmed and ordained him as a min- 
strel chirographic. 

Bartow is a whole-souled, liberal and 
agreeable young man, and his penman- 
ship has lately received many flattering 
encomiums. His specialties are writing 
and flourishing, in both of which he 
has few superiors, yet he does a very 
handsome piece of engrossing occa- 
sionally and makes the beautiful di- 
plomas issued by the Ohio Business 
University, over the penmanship de- 
partment of which he ably presides. 

We may add that he i 
years of age. There 

not yet twenty 
ire surely few 

bright prospects 


, life. 


P Zaner is a disciple of Micha 
teaches in the Business College 

conversation, yet he carried with 
him a quiet, shy air and such a clear 
and piercing set of blue eyes that you 
I would naturally desire to know more 

Culurnbiis, Ohi. 



lately started a school ofhis own. He 
Iso booked as a lecturer on pen- 
manship at the Mt. Vernon, Ohio, 
nmercial College, so, with his large 
1 business, we should suppose that 
lus few idle hours. As a con- 
(tor of poetical birds and other 
IS to which the flourisher confines 
n-s wanderings, Zaner has a reputation 
ill is enviable. His flourishing is 
^t that of any other penman, but 
^tyle is being widely imitated by 

had no more highly esteemed friend nor 
has the profession of penmanship a 
more beautiful writer in its ranks than 
Elmer W. Bloser, now of Delaware, O. 

Clarence G. Prince, one of Professor 
McKee's Star Graduates, now of Clark's 
Bufl"alo College of Commerce, is about 
twenty-three years older than the 
Herald. He grew his penmanship 
beard at the chirographic Jericho, 
Oberlin, Ohio, and among the mis- 
fortunes of his life we suppose he re- 

Prince is educated, ready-witted, en- 
tertaining and jovial. He has poetic 
ability and is a great lover of the drama. 

S. Everett Bartow, a former country 
lad in a Buckeye settlement, some two 
and a half years since caught the writ- 
ing fever, and in order to have the best 
of treatment the country afforded, 
walked in on an ambulance to the hand- 
some school rooms of the Oberlin Col- 
lege Writing Department. Professor 
McKee administered a shower bath of 
muscular movement at frequent inter- 
vals each day, until the fever was di- 
minished to a steady, healthful heat— 
an educated love (or pen-art^which, 
coupled with the legions of other small 


We have recently 
been favored with a 
delightful call from 
our old teacher, Pro- 
fessor U. McKee, 
Oberlin, Ohio. The 
Professor is as genial 
and pleasant as ever, 
and reports great 
success in his school 

C. P. Zaner seems 
determined to pre- 
serve his reputation 
as the leading flour- 
ishing artist of the 
profession. He does 
marvelousiy beauti- 
ful work in that line. 
His specimens arc 
striking pictures, and 
would adorn any par- 
lor art collection. 
H. F. Vogcl seems to be doing well as 
a staff artist on the Chicago Graphic. 
He knows how to turn art accomplish- 
ments into money. 

A. J. Scarborough is contriving to 
polish his editorial work on the '* Afag- 
zine" to even an increased degree of 
brilliancy. One great beauty of his 
thoughts is thesuggestiveness which ac- 
companies them. It would seem unnat- 
ural to peruse a paragraph of his com 
position without catching a new breath 
of enthusiasm. 

Professor G. W. Michael of Delaware. 
O.. recently spent an afternoon at our 
headquarters. He seems to have lost 
none of his fire and determination. 
What IngersoU is to theology Michael 
is to the penmanship crusade. 



A slightly defective likeness of whom 
is herewith presented, constitutes one 
in the great army of earnest, intelli- 
gent and ambitious young teachers of 
penmanship. He is principal of the 
St. Paul Institute of Penmanship, and 
is a successful representative of our 

For his skill and teaching ability in 
penmanship he is largely indebted to 
the counsel and aid of his instructor, 
the well-known left-hand writer of San 
Francisco. Fred O. Young, and to the 
help and encouragement he has re- 
ceived from his friend and associate. 
Professor N. S. Beardslee of the St. 
Paul High School. He does excellent 
work in plain writing, and is skilled in 
the ornamental branches. 

The Herai.d takes pleasure in being 
the first paper to present him to the 
fraternity through its columns, and be- 
speaks for him a full measure of 
in his labors in the chirograph 

In looking over the long list of 
names representing the common school 
teachers of this country, we are led to 
ask the question ; How many such 
teachers have a means by which they 
can increase their income, and at the 
same time not interfere with the regu- 
lar school duties? 

My fellow teacher, did you ever 
pause to consider how you might bet- 
ter your condition ? You afe always 
ready to protest against the , littleness 
of your salary, and willing to acknowj- 

Common school teachers are a neces- 
sity — the cause is a noble one, but, dear, 
oh dear, the pay — do you sigh as you 
think of it ? If you love your work, 
stick to it ; but why not devise some 
means by which you can advance your 
income as you plod along, step by step, 
into good old age and fame ? 

A teacher's training course, of from 
three to six months, in some well estab- 
lished, reliable school of penmanship 
will prove a profitable investment to any 
live teacher — which will yield a greater 
income than any investment you ever 
made, considering the capital and time 

Vou are ready to ask : How will such 
an investment pay ? Become a good 



few plain figures will fully 
meaning. Suppose you se( 
school of twenty pupils {this is a small 
estimate), at two dollars each for fifteen 
lessons, five lessons per week. Thus 
we have forty dollars for three weeks 
work of one hour per day. This we 
must count as clear gain, as the board 
and incidental expenses are already fig 
ured out of the regular salary. 

If you are wide-awake and put life 
in your work the first term, a much 
larger class will be ready for a second 
series of fifteen lessons without your 
solicitation. Do you see what I mean 


Suppose a three months' course in pen- 
manship costs you seventy-five dollars, 

SvE Benson, Business Writing Union : 

My Dear Sir: — It becomes more and 
more apparent that the efforts of some 
to hoist upon the public what they are 
pleased to christen " Business VVriting," 
lend to lead to the neglect of the finer 
points of penmanship and by paying in- 
creased attention to speed in the vain ef- 
fort to comply with the standing request 
of "rapid America," to "please get a 
little faster," they are overrunning some 
very valuable game. Did it ever occur 
to your mind that many of the schools 
throughout the country most clamorous 
against the work of the writing master are 
themselves notoriously deficient in facili- 
ties for turning out skilled penmen ? And 
that these same schools are continually 
denouncing that which they themselves 
uphold in other ways than by short 
courses? Did you ever stop to consider 
the rapid and long strides penmanship has 
made within the last decade and the char- 
acter of work which brought about this 
change? Did you ever fully consider the 
true inwardness of this business writing 
idea and how many of its advocates were 
once eager to climb the ladder leading to 
skill and fame, and how many of these 
are now the avowed enemies of every 
idea tending to what is denominated the 
artistic in penmanship, to say nothing of 
those continually on the change from one 
side to the other and back again, not par- 
ticularly benefiting either ? Did you ever 
consider the various and varying theories 
of these enemies of progress in penman- 
ship, and who of them are contributors 
of matter that has caused not even a single 
ripple on the sea of chirographic litera- 
ture ? Cayce Pen. 

edge that you do not receive one-half 
what your services are worth. In what 
other calling is the pay so small, where 
the preparation reijuired, and the re- 
sponsibility so great, as that of the 
common school teacher? 

The young man or woman who is 
teaching a common school for thirty, 
or even fifty dollars per month, will, by 
close economy, save enough by the ex- 
piration of the winter and spring terms 
to pay his expenses at some school dur- 
ing the summer vacation, where he 
must go in order to " keep up with the 
times "and be able to pass the much 
appreciated examination for a certifi- 
cate that he may wield the reins of au- 
thority " next year." 

penman, and your services will be in 
greater demand and at higher wages. 
By being the happy possessor of a fine 
style of penmanship, you wilt be raised 
in the estimation of all with whom you 
come in contact. By being able to teach 
a good system of penmanship you can 
organize night and Saturday classes 
and make as much as your regular sal- 
ary, and in many instances do much 
better. During the summer vacations 
teachers of penmanship are always in 
demand, and the energetic penman will 
always secure private pupils at a good 
rate of tuition. 

There is not a village or community 
where large night classes could not be 
i organized during the winter months. A 

this amount to cover all expenses — tui- 
tion, board and room, materials, etc. 
In the first month after graduating you 
make at least as much as your course 
in penmanship cost you. Is such a 
course not a good paying in\estment ? 

My brother, wake up! Considet your 
best interests and act wisely. Spend 
your vacation in a way that will bring 
happiness and good returns in the form 
of l>ig round dollars. 
Yours truly, 

C. N. Crandle. 

Dixon, III.. Feb. 15, 1888. 

A large number of our friends have 
kindly promised clubs for the Herald. 
May not we add your name to the list ? 

Mr. H. B. Parsons, Principal of the 
Business College at Zanesville, Ohio, 
favors us with a photo of an engrossed set 
of resolutions recently designed and ex- 
ecuted by himself, which appears to be 
an exceedingly clever piece cf artistic pen- 
work. The designing is very original and 
equally meritorious, while the execution 
of the work betrays evidence of amaster's 
touch and finish. 

Barnes' Souvenir is one of the most 
artistically gotten up publications in its 
line — Penmanship. The work is very re- 
plete with peerless gems of pen-art, the en- 
graving having been done by Holah. 

Show the He 

) to your friends. 




Professor B. C Wood, of the firm of 
Wood & Van Patten, principals and pro- 
prietors of the Iowa Commercial College, 
Davenport, Iowa, was born in one of the 
rural districts of Chickasaw county, Iowa, 
December 12, 1858. His parents were 
among the early pioneers of Iowa, were 
well educated and highly respected 
people. Their pioneer home, with open 
fire-place, was noted far and wide for its 
cheerful and cordial welcome to friends 
and neighbors, who for some years were 
miles apart; still the latch string of their 
humble home was ever on the outside, 

Here in this country home the sub- 
ject of our sketch grew from childh 
early manhood, working on a farm 
early morn till late at night in summer 
seasons and attending country school 
during winter. Early in life his untiring 
energy at whatever he set himself about 
was a matter of comment among older 
people. At twelve years of age he was a 
good English scholar, at fifteen availed 
himself of an opportunity to attend a 
grammar-school for six months, boarding 
at home, taking care of stock mornings 
and evenings, and riding a horse a dis- 
tance of four miles to school. Thus sea- 
son followed season and year succeeded 
year until, at the age of seventeen, young 
Wood, like the sensible young man that he 
was, decided to attend a commercial col- 
lege. The opportunity came, as it docs 
to all who are determined, and the follow- 
ing winter found him a student of the De- 
corah Business College. But spring came 
and found our hero out of funds, and the 
course not yet completed. He therefore 
very reluctantly bade adieu for the time 
being, to his alma mater, and began teach- 
ing country school until he had accumu- 
lated sufficient lucre to 
pay his expenses at col 
lege again, returning to 
Decorah and remaining 
until he secured his di- 
ploma as a professional 
"Knight of the Quill." 

Now his efforts were 
crowned with success, 
and mapping out his 
6eld he began the life 
of an itinerant writing 
teacher, traveling sev- 
eral counties of Iowa, 
and occasionally going 
over its borders. His 
success as a teacher w 

ness ability and qualifications were rec- 
ognized by R. G. Dun & Co.'s Merchan- 
I tile Agency, Davenport, Iowa, and a posi- 
tion offered him, which he accepted. 
There is, perhaps, no other om business 
that so thoroughly qualifies a man in the 
practical as a mercantile agency. The 
subject of our sketch early recognized 
this and applied himself with his usual 
untiring energy and remained with the 
same agency for three years. Resigning 
his position he immediately founded the 
Davenport Short-Hand and Type-Writing 
Institute, which met with marked success. 
A few months later it was his good fortune 
to meet Professor Frank Van Patten, a 
gentleman of scholarly attainments, and 
also a practical educator. Professor Van 
Patten became associated with the insti- 
tute founded by Mr. Wood, and shortly 
thereafter they merged it into the Iowa 
Commercial College, since which time the 

never doubted for a moment that success 
eventually would crown his efforts. 

The ladder of fame that rests on the 
foundation of meritorious conduct has al- 
ready several rounds below where Pro- 
fessor Wood stands to-day. 

As a teacher of rapid calculation and 
business writing there perhaps is not a 
superior to him in the world. His won- 
derful rapidity in figures has astonished 
men of all classes, and causes him to be 
looked upon as a mathematical phenome 
non, while his penmanship and black, 
board writing excites the admiration of 
all who see it. 

The Western Penman's Association, 
held at Des Moines, December 27 to 
30, 1886, honored Professor Wood by 
electing him assistant secretary of ihi 
convention for the year 1887. Retiring 
from this office, he was made chairman of 
the executive committee for the year 

le of comfort and true refinement. 
e is happily constituted for his avo- 
tion, a merry wight, full of vim, vigor 
d tirelessness, generous, prompt, courte- 
is and ready-witted, counts his friends 
by the hundred and his word is as good as 
a bond. 

The fond remembrance of the writer 
carries him back tu the days when young 
Wood was struggling manfully to prepare 
to carry out the noble resolve of earlier 
days. As the years come and go, we know 
hall see still greater works emanating 
I the tireless hands of the sub)eci of 


We gladly insert the following tribute 
of respect to a worthy young penman: 

At a meeting of the students of the 
Anoka Business College, held in the 
college rooms February 6, 1888, the 
following preamble and resolutions 
were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, Prof. H. H. Kellogg has 
resigned his position as teacher in the 
Anoka Business College ; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we deeply feel the loss 
of one whose simple life, unselfish de- 
votion, and unswerving fidelity to duty 
have endeared him to all with whom he 
came in contact. 

Resolved, That as a teacher of pen- 
manship and commercial branches he 
possesses superior ability, being a very 
forcible and practical teacher, and 
while we shall greatly miss him, we feel 
he will gain many friends wherever he 

Resolved, That a copy of these reso- 
lutions be forwarded to him, and a copy 
sent to each of the penman's papers for 

and appreciated that he determined to be 
.n educator. Fully imbued with this 
Idea he entered the " Decorah Institute," 
under the principalship of Professor Breck- 
enridge, and with his accumulated means 
ibled to complete the course with 
lOnors. Returning to his rural home and 
ipending a few days with his parents, he 
hen went to Moline, Illinois, where he 
icured a position as clerk in a store, and 
ibsequenily an acquaintance was formed 
rllh Miss Bertha A. Way, a young lady 
if rare culture and refinement, and pos- 
issed of many charms. The acquaint- 
ice ripened into friendship, and from 
lendship the "old story" was again 
ild, and October 26, 1880, they were 
lUed in marriage. From this union a 
ttle boy and girl bless and gladden their 

1881 young Wood's superior busi- 

1). S. Walker, \i. 

V. M, Lapham, ) 

^inn., Feb. 15, i88( 

What movement 
best adapted 


wonderful success the college has had is 
a by-word all over eastern Iowa and west- 
ern Illinois. 

Professor Wood, from boyhood up, has 
had varied experiences, but he has, withal, 
demonstrated to the world the possibilities 
of a poor farmer boy — he is in every 
sense of the word a "self-made man," 
and the job was well performed. His in- 
domitable will and tireless energy have 
done much toward bringing the Iowa 
Commercial College to its present stand- 
ing, ranking, as it does, as one of the 
leading Commercial Colleges in the land. 

Not only is Professor Wood an educa- 
tor of rare qualifications and superior 
ability, but he is also a natural leader of 
men — he knows no such word as fail. 
His resolve to be an educator of the rising 
youth was made ten years before he had 
the supreme satisfaction of seeing his am- 
bitions realized, but during all this time he 

d the association will hold its 
next meeting in Davenport, at the Iowa 

Commercial College. The Association 
will, doubtless, be entertained in a right 
royal manner. Professor Wood will greet 
the fraternity so warmly that all imaginary 
icebergs which may have existed will melt 
away, and the brothers will look about 
and find themselves in the midst of a 
warm, social sunshine. No penman will 
be exempt from the next meeting. 

Perhaps in the whole field of business 
college men there are few, if any, who are 
so well qualified to manage and direct 
young men and women as Professor B. C. 
\Vood. That he stands as a prince among 
business educators is acknowledged by 
his hundreds of graduates throughout the 

Professor Wood is benevolent, enter- 
prising and public spirited. He finds 
time to attend church, and his home is 

dental to a business life 
in securing uniform 
work ? 

Since the masses are 
often called to write 
independent of the sta- 
tionary rest, should they 
not be prepared for 
such emergencies by 
school-room drill under that condition ? 
Can the muscular movement be prac- 
tically employed when the writer is de- 
prived of the stationary rest ? 

If the muscular movement can be thus 
employed, what is the objection to pre- 
paratory work in the whole arm move- 
ment ? 

If it cannot be thus used, what is the 
objection to preparatory drill in finger 
movement ? 

The above are practical questions and 
furnish material for interesting and profita- 
ble d 

Gaskell's Magazine is always good — a 
casket of concentrated sunshine. The 
" Penman's Gallery " is a specially interest- 
ing feature, as the writing of the biogra- 
phies allows ample opportunity for the free 
play of brother Scarborough's character- 
istic wit and brainy drollery. 


Ube pen^Hit 1beral^ 

A Monthly Journal of Penmanship Literature. 
Subscription price. Sixty cents per year. Single 

nth. %2. 3 months, $5- i year. $1; 

We de-sire to engage 
lent or leachcr-in evs 

Business or other kind of 
1 the land, to act as our representative, 
subscriptions and advertisements for the 


D. ShowAlter, Assc 

It is not wise to lose sight of tlie f:ict 
that every acquirement should be of 
such a nature that it can be utilized. 
Go wh'fere you will in the world of busi- 
ness and you will find that those who 
are successful are invariably 
the persons who can turn 
accomplishments, mental or 
physical, to some account — 
consecrate them to some pur- 
pose. An accountant who 
can make a journal entry 
only when his mind may be 
as clear and unclouded as 
that of a student, or when 
reference books are at hand ; 
a journalist who can write 
only when in the mood for 
literary work ; an artist who 
can only draw the circles and 
principles learned in school, 
or an orator who is lost with- 
out his manuscript, would 
prove fully as marked suc- 
cesses in their different lines 
of work as would the so-called 

Heath is a young gentlemen of rare in- 
telligence and ability ; he is perfectly 
familiar with the affairs of our calling, 
and is sparing no effort to make his 
Diratory not only extensive and com- 
prehensive, but reliable and modern, 
the addresses given to be up to date. 
He should have the help of every live 
penman or teacher. 


Some of our subscribers become in- 
dignant unless they find their names in 
the Herald each month. We frequently 
receive letters, the contents of which are 
steeped in agitated menial temperature, 
unburdening the sad tale of our neglect in 
this regard in language less soothing than 

To all of onr esteemed frafers who feel 
that the Her.m.d has failed to do them 
justice or that it has in any manner neg- 
lected their interests, we reverently apolo- 
gize. It is our constant aim to fitly rep- 
resent and advance the professional inter- 
ests of our calling ; and to best jjerform 
this work we recognize that it is wise to 
institute a stirt of social club room, where, 
each month, 'members of our brotherhood 
may meet on common ground, learn of 

imagine that we have ceased to e.xist, 
anything else so utterly improbable. 


To our generous friends who have 
shown their thoughtfutness for the Her- 
ald's welfare during the past monlli by 
sending such handsome lists of subscribers 
to it, we desire to extend our sincere 
thanks. Appreciation can be shown in 
various ways, but we are safe in saying 
that an editor prefers this method to 
almost any other. It is encouraging to 
think that the Herald, while yet an infant, 
has enlisted the hearly friendship and 
support of so many of the substantial 
members and prominent teachers of our 

Professor W. J. Rinsley, the where- 
abouts and profession of whom need no 
rehearsal, heads the list by a club num- 
bering sixty-four. This surety is no faint 
indication of the esteem in which he is 
held by his students, from among whom 
the subscribers were taken. 

Professor U. McRee, Obertin, O., of 
the quality of whose attainments few peo- 
ple in our ranks are ignorant, forcibly 
illustrates his attachment lo the Herald 

rolled as a friend to our enterprise, and 
convinces us of his sincerity by sending a 
club of subscribers. 

Our friend J.C. Witter, special penman- 
ship instructor in the Leche Graded Insti. 

tute, Ne 

If Orleans, L 
Mr. Witter 
of the 


nds us a club of 
le of the leading 
a gentleman of 
piactical ideas 

clear and forcible 
and sound judgment on all matters per- 
taining to the good of our cause. The 
Herald has no more enthusiastic admirer 
than he. He favors us with aome nea 
and effective designs in pen-drawing 
which prove, conclusively, that he is in- 
timately acquainted with the habits of the 

Professor J. B, Duryea, in order to be 
up with the times and in fashion, sends a 
club of seven. 

C. C. French, Bayless Business College. 

Dubuque, Iowa, has o 

Our old friend Bios 
sends a club of sixte 
the fact apparent lo 

r thanks for a club 

■ of Delaware, O., 
1, merely to make 
; that he likes the 

ita, Kan., swells 


■iter who i 


to adapt his "hand" to the 
exigencies of a hurrying, 
rushing age, and the commer- 
cial transactions which every 
day must be recorded. 

Teachers of penmanship 
should study the law oi adap/- 
aifility. They should be archi- 
tects, and in planning and 
building for their students a 
hand-writing, they should bear 
in mind the uses to which it 
is expected that it shall b< 
the subsequent 

E. M. Barber, Wit 

r list by a club of four. 

Professor H. J. Putman, one of the 
most accomplished commer- 
cial teachers of the north- 
west, favors us with a club of 
seventeen. Who can do as 

Mr. A. T. Hastings, a fine 
practical writer and a pupil 
of our friend Isaacs of Val- 
paraiso, Indiana, sends us a 
club numbering twenty. Mr. 
Hastings will soon embark as 
a professional penman, and 
we have all confidence in his 
success, as he has shown us 
conclusively that he has en- 
ergy, love for the work, and 

Mr. Jesse Overlook, Rock- 
port, Maine, a practical book- 
keeper and an excellent writ- 
er, donates a handsome club 



bject — 
Iding it must undergo. 

We arc always glad to speak of an 
commend a good idea when we see i 
and for that reason cannot reirai 
from calling especial attention to M 
Frederick S. Heath's highly praist 
worthy undertaking, the particulars of 
which may be gleaned from his ad 
tisement. There is not a professit 
in the land but has, at some time in 
life, felt the need of a reliable and c 
plete directory of the members of 
calling. It will serve manifold | 
poses. Efforts to produce works of the 
kind before have failed, because of th 
lack of knowledge of our profession, its 
extent and growth, on the part of thos 
who have essayed to do the work, M 

the whereabouts and success of other 
toilers, and gain a new breath of inspira- 
tion for their own labors. This we attempt 
to do through the personal notices which 
appear in our columns. 

As there are thousands whose work df- 
SL-rves especial mention in our columns, 
it should not. we are inclined to think, 
subject us lo a severe epistolary lecture 
when someone who has been looking for a 
uninleniionally omitted. 

It is not always possible for us to ob- 
tain engravings on lime so our paper is 
frequently out later in the month than we 
could wish, .^s this fact cannot possibly 
cause any serious inconvenience lo any- 
one, we wish that when we fail to reach 
their post-office box before ihe.twenty-fifth 
or a few days later, subscribers would not 

by sending a club of fifteen, this being the 
second list received from liim lately. 

Professor S. J. Pridgen. the penman of 
Moore's Busuiess University, Atlanta, 
Ga., sends in a club of twenty five, simply 
to show us that the i)aper is liked by his 

Professor W. A. Hoffman of Hryant's 
College, Chicago, makes us a present 
of a club of eight. 

The same statement describes the con- 
duct of Mr. B. Butler of the Chicago 
College of Business and Penmanship. 

Messrs. C. E. Jones and C. E. McKee 
have formed commendable habits in the 
way of sending subscribers at odd times. 

Mr. H. H. Kellogg, Principal Penman- 
ship Department of the Anoka, Minn., 
Business College, and associate editor of 
the Practical Educator, desires to be en- 

Thanks, all 

j: M. Adams of Scio, Ohio, 
sends ■ a goodly club and 
promises a better one in the 
future. . 

' H. F. Crumb, Rider's Busi- 
ness College, Trenton, N. J., 
a live, practical teacher, has 
persuaded seven of his pupils 
that the Herald is essential 
to their future happiness. 

Numerous smaller clubs have 
reached us, which space for- 
[ioning in a special manner. 

When it is possible to obtain postal 
notes or lo send cuirency or silver without 
danger of loss, we very earneslly request 
all who make remitlancts to the Herald 
not lo send stamps. When compelled to 
do so, however, we ask that you send 
one's or two's, as we have little use for 
those of iny other denomination. 

Isaacs is busy. With about six hun- 
dred penmanship pupils to instruct daily, 
it is not lo be wondered at that he finds 
little time for readmg serial stories, or for 
attending base ball games. 

All of our advertisers a 




No one can hope to excel in orna- 
mental penmanship without first acquiring 
the ability to make graceful flourishes, and 
this skill can, we believe, be easiest ac- 
quired by constant practice on an exer- 
cise similar to the flourished portion of 
the accompanying design. 

In preparing this specimen of work we 
first made the circular portion with a 
compass, next putting on all the flourishes. 
Then came the horseshoe, and for it we 
were compelled to 
draw wholly on our 

and projector. W'e are not rich, nor 
we in any great clanger of becoming 
while devoting, our efforts to the w 
of penmanistic journalism, yet we 
lieve we are thing good, and we liavejj'i 
complete faith in the ultimate financial o 
success of the Herai.i.. It is paying 
its way. and that is more than we ex-' 
pected at the beginning. 

We desire to assure our generous con- , is 
stituents that the Herald has no notion , pi 

find a proportionate appreciatioi 
more substantial evidence of it 
mere words convey. May we not 

nt friend and supporter 

irnal ? 

The last number of the Western Penman 
the finest yet published. The full page 
n-dra wings by Kibbe and Webb are 

of dying. Dui 
far nothing ha 

,ng our short career thus superb. 
hindered our prosperity The Mkhiga 
impression which many ; which the fan 

lisiiiess /oiirnai, of 
penman, Professor 

Cily, Iowa, 

contains a good lesson in 

writing by P 

T. Benton, Penman in the 

Business Col 

ege at that |)lace. 

The Sc/iod 

I Viulor, Madison, Wiscon- 

sin, visits us 

wiceamonth. It is a bright 

little sheet a 

d contains much substantial 



imagination, as we 
were unable to find 
a picture of one, and 
if it is not a correct 
representation, we 
hope some of our 
friends who have 
seen a real, live 
horseshoe will cor- 
rect us. 

To make the 
horseshoe and 
flowers, sketch them 
carefully with a pen- 
cil, then retrace with 
, pen, finishing the 
flowers first. 



In our next issue 
we shall give a 
large number of 
cuts of envelope 
cards and letter 
headings, the orig- 
inals of which were 
executed with the 


We beli< 
.ill pr. 


I general interest, 

nake it 
lestly 1 

all coll. 

nvile all 
nal pen- 
Ueurs and 
ges, pen- 

nanship institutes 
ind other schools 
ising pen-work de- 
signs for headings 
)r business cards 
o mail us an elec- 
ro of whatever 
they see fit to fur- 
nish, at the earliest 
possible date. Due 
credit will be given 
in each case and 
the cuts returned a 
when off the press 
be made, and it is i 
that this is a chanc 
valuable advertising 

By Mis 

I N'iniiii. Grand Island, N'eb., 

e Wsson it was nude l 

our own expense 
No charge will 

ot difficult to see 
to secure some 

athoutcost. Send 

Pen-Art Hkrald is now six 
inlhs old. The first number was 
wued in September, '87, and since that 
Bme it has appeared with becoming 
b'omptness and regularity each month, 
gtculating in every corner of our coun- 
The growth of our paper and the 
iopularity it is enjoying is fully equal 
i the highest expectations of its editor 

have that because it is young it is un- 
safe to patronize it. There can be no 
risk whatever in lending it your every 
possible aid, as the financial foundation 
upon which it rests is fully as firm as 
that of older journals of penmanship. 

And now, as we enter upon the second 
half of our first year in your homes, we 
earnestly ask you to deal by us justly 
and according to our merits. If the 
Herald's visits have helped you, we 
trust you will lend us your aid in plac. 
ing it in the hands of every one of your 
pupils and friends whom you feel thai 
it would benefit. If you can send us 
one additional subscriber, be assured 
that the favor will be appreciated. If 

W. W. Bennett, Principal of the business 
College at Grand Rapids. Michigan, is 
editor and publisher, the second number 
of which has just reached our table, is the 
brightest and best publication emanating 
from any college within the radius of our 

In this last issue Mr. Bennett has gar- 
nered an unusually bright and glittering 
array of thought-jewels. We learn that 
his institution is meeting with the most 
flattering success, as it doubtless merits. 
The HicRAi-D congratulates ihe Professor 
on his general prosperity, and indulges 
the hope that it may only increase as the 
years creep on. 

A neat College Journal, from Iowa 

We have a young man in the profession 
of penmanship whose skill is something 
bordering on the remarkable, yet his ex 
treme modesty keeps him behind the 
scenes to a great extent. We hope to pre- 
sent a map of his 
features, taken from 
a photographer's sur- 
vey, in an early is- 
sue, and tell our 
readers how he ob- 
tained his skill. We 
refer to Professor 
W.A. Hoffman, now 
of Bryant's Chicago 
Business College. 

L.M. Kelchnerof 
Light Street, Penn- 
sylvania, sends us a 
striking specimen of 

J. K Haederle, 
Cleveland, hands us 
a card written in an 
unusually good style 
for a young man of 

J. V. DeCremer 
of Green Bay, Wis- 
consin, mails us a 
packet of well exe- 
cuted penmanship. 
He is fast scaling the 
chirographic heights 
C. W. Jones is 
teaching at Empo- 
ria, Kansas. 

Professor J. H, 
Larrison, a compe- 
tent teacher and ex- 
cellent penman, is 
teaching writing itin- 
eranlly throughout 
the 'Buckeye' State. 
C.M.Weiner sends 
us a specimen of his 
flourishing in bird 
and bramble form, 
labeled "Harmless." 
We must say that it 
is spirited, however 
harmless it may be. 
Mr. Weiner's Her- 
ald is addressed to 
South Whitley, In- 
Miss Lida M. Dan- 
school preceptress at Senecaville, 
Ohio, is getting her students interested in 
the subject of penmanship and in pen- 
men's papers — which shows conclusively 
that she knows what progress means. 

J. F. Cozart, Ravenswood, Emporia, 
Ran., favors us with a beautiful piece of 
flourishing, done in imitation of Zanf.r'.s 
peerless style. 

A. J. Smith of Anamosa, Iowa, adds 
some valued — because skillful — ^speci- 
mens to our collection of pen work. Mr. 
Smith will soon embark as an itinerant- - 
and we ask him to carry on his person the 
Herald's best wishes. 

Send us your school catalogue. We want 
to see what you are doing. 


THH F^l«iN-AKT Pl^RAl!iD 

Mr. Walden's set of capitals on this 
page will be found valuable for thought- 
ful, careful practice. The style and 
size of the letters are about as you 
would make them after having studied 
varied forms and numerous systems of 
script letters. In practicing them, ex- 
periment for yourselves in regard to the 
movement best suited to this style of 
writing. 'I'ake up a letter and try to 
produce it with every movement of 
which you have ever heard, and adopt 
that one which to you seems most sen- 
sible for the purpose. This, you will 
probably conclude, is the muscular. 

In practice, always note the relative 
position of every stroke ; the gradation 
of the shade and the style of motion 
which produces the most dignified and 
graceful forms. 

and a packet of Ufi of Ktbhe's Alpha- 
bets, the best aids to skill in artistic 
penmanship in existence. This set in- 
cludes three of Mr. Kibbe's latest alpha- 
bets, and in it are several handsome 
plates of variety ti>ritins. Farley's 
Model Guide may be ordered instead of 
the alphabets, for a short time. 


ike a special 
each, where 

time we shall receive subs^ 
clubs of that number or mor 
cents each. 

Are there not, in your i 
among your friends, at leas 
would appreciate a live pennn 
to the extent of forty cents a 

All who are willing to 

at forty 





; paper 

I effort 
are re- 
ind we 

shall take pleasure in sending any de- 
























'■^^ ,- V 


ed last 

aggravaimg eiro 
month in the full page advertisement of P, 
A. Wright. Through an oversight the 
price of Mr. Wright's book was made to 
read $2.50 instead of $1.50, the actual 
price. The work would be cheap, 
however, at the price given. No progress 
ive book-keeper or teacher should be with 
out a copy. 

<;. Bixler is " nothing if not progres 
sive." His school at Wooster is prosper 
ous. Notice his "ad." and see why we 
call him progressive. 

Scarborough seems serene and happy 
under " Home Rule," and Is growing more 
and more earnest and forcible in his jour- 
nalistic labors. For an indefinite period 
of years may his good-natured eloquence 
pour through the " Magazine's " columns. 

The new plates of Kibbe's Alphabets 
are beauties. Don't fail to see 

There has rarely been a m 
cessful penmanship publicati 
'■'A Series of Lessons in Plain IVriiing." 
Nothing sells like it since the palmy 
days of Gaskell's Compendium. It de- 
serves all the success with wh 

C. O. Meux is teaching penmanship 
Nelson's Business College, Memphi 
Tennessee. He is a good writer and a li- 
young man. 

We learn, from a reliable source, that 
Professor C C. Curtiss, of Minneapol 
conducts one of the finest schools to be 
found anywhere. Should the growth of 
his institution be parallel with that of thi 
city in which it is located, we are justified 
in predicting unexampled future prosperity 
for this popular college. 

Professor E, E. Stevens is doing well 
with his Pen-art Hall at Wauseon, Ohio. 
He is an accomplished writer and teacher, 
and deserves a full measure of success. 

Find the 

of making a letter and stick to it. Find 
out if it is as easy to omit all shade as 
to use it. See if there are any lines 
which arc superfluous and with which 
you can easily dispense. Make a set 
of capitals half as large as the copy and 
one twice as large, choosing the style 
which seems most practical for busi- 
ness, and the one which seems the most 
beautiful for the finer styles of penman- 
ship. Ever strive to find some better 
idea, some improved way of doing 
things, and you will never grow weary 
of practice. 


One noi.LAK, currency or postal note, 

secures a yearly membership in the 

Herald's family and the most popular 


eard to thi 

•5 to be used ir 
■ from all of oui 
s matter. 

D. E. Blake makes some inviting offers 
in this issue. He is one of the expert pen 
manipulators of the west, and may he re- 
lied upon. 

^ S. Heath, late of Portland, 
resigned his position there, 
py the itinerant field during 
:ason— optning at Concord, 

New Ha 


that hi: 

and meritorious 


cation on 


writing extant - 

- Putn 

lan & Ki 


'• Lessons," 



)n of whic 

1 mav 

be found in 

their adve 





, postal note or 

silver, pay 


a yea 

rly subsc 


proposed work — the Penman's Directory 
— will be pushed to cojnplction as soon as 
the desired data can be obtained. 

G. J. Rretchmer of Cleveland is domg 
some very skillful work in the various lines 
of pen-art, and is destined to stand second 
to none if unlimited ambition can avail. 

W. W. Bennett reports a large enroll 
ment of students m his new school at 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. He will here 
after publish the Michigan Business Col- 
lege /owrnfl/ each month. The first two 
numbers are very creditable ones. 



The beet instruction given in Practical 
and Ornamental Penmanship. Card Writ- 
ing and all kinds of Penwork to order. 
Send for speciroenR of flourishing, - 250. 
1 doz. neatly written card", - - 2Bc. 



49 East <th St.. ST. PAUL, MINN 


'erybody s 

C. £. JOEf KS> 



i^utomaliic penigan^jip. 

e else teaches Aut< 

t beautiful kinds of pen 

vlio will take 24 lessons. 

Some have done beautiful work after s 

... _ _■ , . . „y p5„ 

All copies are fresh fron 

. 5 00- 

12 Lessons 

24 Lessons 

Alphabets, each 

1 Handsome Motto, size 7x20 lettered and *"* 
letyofcotora 20- 

1 AuU 
5 Aut( 



arSts'' '* "'"^ °' """ ^"'■^ """" ■*"'<>">»''<: Pe"' 
n, Wtiirr,, p,„„,„„. 
The art of lettering with an automatic pen 
has been re, ured to a hoe point by C. E. Jones. 
Principal of the Business Department of the 
Tahor Iowa College. That betas also l£ fac- 
ulty of iniaprting skill to others is attested bv 
numerous specimens of the work of his stu- 
dents, which we have been permitted to see 


the finest i 
Ed. Pe,v a 





-k e ep j n g, Penmanship' 
ind. Type Wriiing, Nor- 

il Studies and Automatic Letter^ 


Thoroughly Taught 



Business College 



Obliqne [loldep. 

Send for Price List of Michael's 
Compendium, Copy Hooks of Rap- 
id Writing, Practice Paper. Black 
Ink. French Pens and Oblique- 
Holders, The very best articles for 
Writing Schools and Public 




r hne the undersigned will furnisli you 
ri.v Wkitten piece of poetry with am 
your name. A complete MoNOGRAH 
pital letters will be sent as % premiun> 
irder, All work warranted to please, 
ved. Address, 

One of yonr Acrostics written on a fnenils name 
(he best present that could be given him. It will 
'Ore Ihan a $5.00 book or a gold head- 



CARDS— Good ciiialltyirorsliort time only] 
15 cents per dozen ; 2r» for only 'i.^ eenis. 

PBICES-HslO, 29 cent?, or 2 tor .11) cents, 
Larger, prices 'i.'i, itO, 7.K-.. anil ♦t.oo. 

Engrossing anil di-splay work of e^e^y de- 
scription to suit customers I mal(e a spe- 
cialty of this kind of work. My work Is 
flrst-class, and prices reasonable. 


,1^ AND , ', 


ifactiirarB, PublieherH ft BookScIiei 

50 CEiTTS. 

Ill answering this advertisement pli 
■do not forget to enclose a postal note 
fl(ty cents and state clearly the nuittber of 
the specimen you desire. 

1st. — Scrap book specimen, embracing 
flourishing, writing and lettering. 

2d. — Flourished bird on' nest 

;ird. — Flourished swan with scroll work 

4th.— Set of capitals with elaborate head' 

5th.— A detign tlourlshed in imitation of 
any copy you may send. Will send a per 
on al letter with each order for any one o: 
the above designs. 






All who order the "GUIDE" 
within 30 days will receive a copv 

of "Pen Strokes" free. 





BEAUTIFUL pIPLOMA gi»«n free to eTerypuroliaaer nial 
every Too competitori. Alaothe DIPLOMA wiM be GIVEN FREE 
e UBing this plan of preBentlDg thi 
r efTorts from D " ' " " 

ur Syit«m 


making tlie best improyetnent out O? 
t..^.-^ii_L — ._. ^pi-oflojentiiaii 

w«ll afford to give tlieni until our System i 

.n the evoninm. or sellin„ _ 

teiii yet ioTented. Tl provei that writing la a PHYSICAL EDirCATION, 
aTHOROUpH CONTROL ofor the arm and ttngers-BO that letters 

lown hill. The E 

H PhyHlrnl Train 

it. the BEST SELF-INSTKUCTOK and yet the 
to all parts of the world for SIXTY CfoJTS, 
r diahoDesty as our instructions which we mail 

NUM^oTs' I'lZ 

11 ean easily mak«S30a 

\ POKTRAIT^ and A UTO^rTpiJs of 

C.^IXLER, "'"■ 

American Pen Art Hall 
ind Fine Art School, 



No. 2;{. RAPID GERMAN TEXT. Made with a broad pointed pen, graceful and 
easy to execute- The best letter known for engrossing names on diplomas, cards, &c. 

No. 24. ROUNDED GOTHIC. A white faced letter, with dark background and 
flowers. Elaborate and suited to costly engrossing. Two styles of finish shown. 

No. 25. ARTISTIC RUSTIC. Easy to execute, rapid, and Ihe most artistic effect 
n rustic lettering yet produced. Money returned to anyone who will say that this plate 
isnot worth the price of the five. 

No. 2G. CAMEO. For neatness and artistic effect, combined with ease and rapidity 
of execution, this alphabet leads the world. Count this egotistic if you like aft«r having 
examioed the letters. 

No. 27. SCROLLING LETTERS. Two styles of scrolls with appropriate lettering 
and ornamentation. Very artistic, and. if we mistake not, will please admirers of pen-w. * 
SINGLE No. 10c. THE FIVE No^. 2.ic. 

BUSINESS WRITING. A Complete Course of Twenty-six Lessons in Bus!; 
Writing, including all letters, figures and exercises fresh from the pen. with printed in- 
structions, written for each lesson and explanation of the fore-arm movement and posl 
tion, with illustration, will be sent for %-l. 

FLOURISHING. A Course of Twelve Lessons In Flourishing including Principles. 
Birds, Eagle. Swan and prrts for practice, fresh from the pen, with printed Instructions 
and positions for holding the pen illustrated, will be sent for |l. 

GOOD PENS. We are selling immense quantities of Gillott's (!04 E. F. Pens because 
they are the finest product of the best Pen Makers in the world, and give universal sat- 
isfaction. One-fourth gro. 25c. One gro. S-ic. Two gro. ^I.-TO. 

Address. H. W. KIBBE. Utica, N, Y. 

: on receipt of. . } .30 

letter, to you personally... 30 

:ombinations 30 

A doztfn cards . . . .30 

* lesson in flourishing 50 

price-list of my work oa 

All of the attuve 1.40 


C. P. ZANER. Columbus. Ohio. 

The Automatic Shading Pen 



Fine Card Writing. 

aving so many calls for my caids, I will offer to 

write them as follows ; 
> Cards, with your name written In several vari- 
eties of style 3SC 

Set of Off-Hand Capitals aoc 

Elegantly Flourished Bird 25c 

"I believe young Rehrensmeyer to be the best 
;nman of his age in the world. If there is one to 
e(|ual him, I don't know it. Few of the professionals 
-day can equal his cards and capitals. A small 
order will prove this to anyone.'— D. L, Mi'SSEI.- 
MAN.,Quincy, 111. 

"Your writing is immense, and would put loshame 
many of the self-styled 'Champions. "—W. H. 
Patrick, Baltimore, Md. 

" I would give all I possess fur such a command 
ofjthe pen,"— F. S. Heath, Epsom, N. H. 

"I have no hesilation, whatever, in pronouncing 
you the finest penman of your age in the world '— 
M. B, MooRE, Morgan, Ky. all orders to 


Gem City Business College, Quincy. III. 
N B.— Postal Cards go to the waste basket. 

J. F. FISH, 




Original in design and sinking, bold and gracerul 

I ihis 


each of the 


ten orde 

rs, when an extra stamp is 

enclosed, a 


fully w 

iten letter will be sent free 

of charge. 

All kinds of pen-work 

promptly and artistically 


in superior- 


Let m 




n Art Herald Office. 

( I.FVICI.ANn, 0. 

^^^^^^/■^ ~C<-^y^^'^^ 

uf "(.uide,- 25c.; -Pen Strokes.' 
Chirographic Editors." 10c. ; Prize 
icns, 10c. : Ornament.1l SiM-'cimens from 



./:'-yy-€7-'' ^// // /// 

// ^ ^'/ y.y/ / ^ / 

BUSINESS TRAINING. IT IS progressive and thorough in all its appointments and departments, and is rapidly 
increasing in patronage and popularity. The Business Fraelice and Office Departments are not equalled in Ohio or 
surpassed in America, and contain a more complete business training than the entire course of many business coll- 
eges that claim to be among the best. Send for Commercial Wor/ii lo McKee & Henderson, Oberlin, Ohio. 

THE OBERLIN COLLEGE WRITING DEPARTMENT i* exclusively a Scliool of Peninnnship, and is wlthoiit exception 
the ver.v best 111 America, llie specialty ul this acliuol i» 'leacliers'. Business Writers' and Pen Artists' Iranung. It also gives 
thorough drill on the Black Board. 

from 150 to 175 words a minute, aeiid for •• ,Stenoor*I'H1c World," to Mel 




live men in ihc profession everywhere are lending 
Iheir aid, saying thai such a work is needed, and will 
be of great viilue 10 the penmanship public. A larger 
amniin) rtf miiiifr has bccH tcceived. BUT MOKE IS 
art sketch of 
Material for 
nearly'one hundred sketches is already at hand, in- 
cluding many excellent penmen who have never be- 
lore had sketches published. Many more ought 
furnish matenal to make the work compli 

Hundreds of sludenli ought 
their names and add: 
particularly valuable to pern 

making the work 

n and others 
.J send out circulars. Come, boys; it costs you 
nothing. Another department which ought to be 
made interesting and valuable is the catalogue of 
business colleges. Write me telling the number of 
pupils, of teachers, when established, and, 


ill pay for 
arnestly appeal to every 
every penman, and every 

ihc time and trouble, 
business college propric 

student to aid me in maKinj; mc mua* ^i—.p.--.^ 
work of the kind ever published. It cannot fail to 
benefit all whose names or sketches appear, for a 
large number will be printed and circulated every- 
where. It shall tw gotten up with a sole aim to 
set forth thestate'of the profession. Will you respond? 
, In addition to sketch, any cut of penmanship, por- 
trait or autograph donated for that purpose, will be 
printed. Help me to m^ke it beautiful as well as 

advertisements. No 

e reserved for choice 
lium can be found, 
e kept for years. A 

1 Business college 

Rates.— One inch. $2.00; a colui 
column, J6.00 ; i column, $10 00 
Siic of page about that of West 

page, $16.00, 
11 be ready as soon as possible, and 
lication must be sent in at once. 
F. S. HEATH. Gojsville. N. H 


By H. J. Putman and W. J. Kinsley. 



The copies are elegantly engraved on copper, print- 

paper. Allcopie* new;norehash. There arc two parts 
Part I contains seventeen slips. These slips are 
not bound and are all devoted to plain writing. 
Every necessary copy is given. 

Part 3 is the " Instruction Book " to accompany 

the slips. Ttws is the most complete one ever given 

1 with a work of this kind. 

chapters on "' Materials," " Position " 

■ Form." " Moveii'cnl."and "' Genen*! 

Information " There are twenty Itssons inApped out. 

The slips and "Instruction Book" are enclosed 

in a neat and substantial case. 

Phok F S Hkath. Penman, Shaw s Bus. Coll., 
Portland, Me. —1 am well pleased with it. You 
have certainly taken a step in ! ' 

(giving c 

e copies, which are also very a 

Prof. a. G. Coonrod. Atchms 
Coll. : — I was very much surprised r 
the slips. They are well arranged, 
followed can not fail to benefit the 
you will have a successful sale. 

Agents wanted in every town and 
discount given. Collect all other ' 
on writing, send for a 


P. O. Box 787. ^MEHfl 
P. O. Box 166. MtNNEAPOLtS, MlN 

ite. Tht 

n (Kan.) Bus. 
the beauty of 
ind if faithfully 


The business of EDI'CATING FOK Bl'SINESS is liere made ucoiistant tlieme 
of study. Our course is stripped of every needless theory, and Includes only the 
Ls of a useful trailing. Those interested in Mechanical or Architectural Drawing 
Id investigate the advantages of t - 

I charge of a practical draftsii^ti 


nmen in our faiully. What school can sho 

Send for free copy of University Extonen 

F. D. GORSLINE, President, 



Who Possess a Reasonably Good 

Degree of Skill fn 


May easily, honestly and speedily turn that 
skill to a MoNBY Phoducing Capital by act- 
g upon the follownig suggestions : 
You*posses3 a good hand-writing, and you 
doubtless know how you acquired it. and can 
give such directions and copies to others as 
»hal] serve to make the learner's road less be- 
set with dilhculties for him than it was for you. 
In every farming or village conmiunity there 
are a few yoang people who could be easily 
induced to take;a course of lessons by mail, 
if proper inducements were otlered them. 
You can, with a very few dollars, thus found a 
school of penmanship by mail, and by issuing 
neat and attractive circulari<. containing 
aiipropriate and well gotten up matter, address, 
ing tbeni in your best style of penmanship, and 
sending them to all of your interested acquaint- 
ances and earnest young'men and women.achool 
teachers and others, whose addresses are easilv 
obtained, you can, in a short time, enroll as 
many students in your F[rkside Pknmanshii' 
Academy as are in attendance at many of our 
leading commercial schools. This will not 
only pay you financially, but will give you 

n array of 

valuable experience in t*i 
tion upon which to build 
We shall be glad to aa 
man who may conclude 
writing up attractive 

cbing and a reputa 

aught. No flourishing allowed. The Michifi 

A specimen of my ' 


mailed for 25c.. 
BENNETT. 81 So. Divia 

1 St.. 

ND Rap 

. Mi( 



PATENTKI) JCI-V 2Z, 1879. 

invention which enables tiny person Ic-'.V'akt Die standard Konian letters lorrectl!/. and in 
le they can be made in any other way. It is a perfect self-instructor and should 

e-balf the ti 
be in the hand 
for the learner, bu 
Thousands of them have been 
works on lettering published, 1 

nay be used 

8 especially designed 

ally > 

e valuable 1 

lad card-board and ^ 

in height can bt 

: fort 

all tb< 
II last a life-time 
Complete alphabets . , ,, 

with the same ease and certainty that a line is drawn bv the aia oi a niier it 
size. We pack it in a strong ease and send it post-paid ?or 50 cents. 

Address, H. W. KIBBE, 7 Hobart Street, Utica, N. Y. 
Read a few of the Testimonials we are receiving from parties using the Tablet 

Your Magic Lettering Tablet came to hand some 
lime ago. I have given it a thorough test and con- 
sider it just the thing for penmen and learners. The 
price is very moderate compared with its value. — 

any young pen- 
try this plan, in 
circulars or advertising 
laders and friends, will 
make but a trilling charge for our services. 
We have done considerable work of this kind, 
and have always given satisfaction. If you 

giving particulars and we shall be pleased to 
give you our best etlbrta and lowest rates. All 
correspondence and work of this nature i» 
considered btrictly confidential. Let us hear 
from you. 

Your friend, 


Editor Pen ArtHbrald. 
Cleveland, Ohio. 


And penmen generally, who may need our 

getting up attractive adver- 

nvited to correspoud with us. 

We have bad a large experience in this work 

nd feel confident we can please you. 

Outs and engravings or electros of same may 

be ordered through us and the lowest rates 

cured, consistent with the best work that 

n be obtained. 

Write ns for ■' anything you wish in our 

Thomas Manse! I 

Of Chester. Va., would respectfully 1 
tion ol all requiring Engravings and I 
any kind, to his facilities for the prodi 


rate and artistic Engravings from Drawing<i, Photo- 
graphs. Prints and Sketches. The Plates are 
furnished in hard type metal and linc, ready for the 
press, at lowest rates. Send stamp for specimens 
and estimates. Pen Work a specialty. 

Uriah McKee, Oberli 
Your Lettering Tablet is received, I hi 
thorough trial and consider it perfect in every par- 

can form perfect letters with i 
Inglewood, Va. 
Your Magic Lettering Tablet 

> plain that a child 
— G. W, Slusseh. 

hand in tine 
I tiiink It a grand success.— W. M. Wat- 
Weatherford. Texas. 
Your Magic Lettering Tablet received. Il is verj 

and does i 
Salem, N. V. 

1 have been usii 
Tablets, which I li 
Bloomfield. la. 

• of your Magic Ijeltering 

rv much — G. H. Pa 

" Magic Lettering Tablet," well 
nd rapidity with which even an 
m execute regular, beautiful let- 
;ms almost marvelous. — A. H, 
, Francisco, Cal. 

i the Lettering Tablet a 
avc represented it.— B. 

having handsome lettering 
Sadawga. Vi. 

Your Magic Lettering Table 

do.— N. C. Chase, 

ived. Am well 

t do without it for $ 
"H. E, Beahdslf.y. .'^da. O. 

1 received your Lellering Tablet and am h 
pleased with it. -Geo. W. Ott, Allegheny. Pa 

The Lettering Tablet c.ime m due time. It 

Wright's Business Methods. 

Cleveland. Ohio. 

W. D.Sbo 


Lessons in Pen Art by mail. 3 mos. course. Writ- 
ing or Flourishing. $2.00. One lesson every week. 
New students every mail. Test order, all kinds of 
work, asc. 4 designs flourishin 

, The 

, and every 5th one sending an order 
elegant India ink design, size iSxao. 

'5 kindsof work." Successfulo 







e of practice in Modern Double Entry Dookkeepii 

umployed, and 
thereby doing the wont 01 an e 
keepers who knew nothing nbo 
lucrative positions tbronghout 
repts and become a full-fteilged 

required I 

up the 

ntry. ffj 

when tliey be 

If V 

ed ide. 

e aln 

tpproach to actual 
branch of book-keeping ever pub- 
! wliere no regular book-keeper had 
from the memoranda furnished, 
inninif. Over .'WK) successful book- 
V holding 

■in-pile with r 

t labelled "Improved Book-keeping and Busiiie: 
s hook-keeper and eleven years as priva 
urely business-like and just what v 

nd, I 

Manual," but luy owti experiei 

instructor, bence it can he relied upon as being purely business-like and just what yo 

It is supplementary to " WRIGHT'S BOOK-KEEPING SIMPLIFIED,- taking up the subji . 

where that valnable book leaves off. 

Handsomely bound in Cloth. Price $1.50. If unsatisfactory, return by first mail and 
your money will be refunded. 

P. A. WRIGHT. Author and Publisher, 
_____^_ 769 BROADWAY. N. Y. 

frally good judgesofslriclly fir: 

writing fluid, but b'a 
ne black and sharp, for blue o 
; reproduced. Few penmen 
for forcibly calling alteniion I 
Send copy and stamp for Sii 
ways mcniion this paper. 

Of New Harrisburg, C, is another young man who 
can be classed with the succe.ssrul competitors of 
Bixi.ehs National Contest in Penmanship. 
He has a big class at home, and considers himself 
lucky for having studied our system. Bixler's Physi- 
cal Training in Penmanship is being mailed to all 

world for 60 i 

G. BIXLKK, Wooster, O.